27th New Zealand Parliament

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The 27th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1943 general election in September of that year.

1943 general election[edit]

The 1943 general election was held on Friday, 24 September in the Māori electorates and on Saturday, 25 September in the general electorates, respectively.[1] A total of 80 MPs were elected; 48 represented North Island electorates, 28 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates.[2] 1,021,034 civilian voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 82.8%. In addition, 92,934 military votes were cast.[1]

Sessions[edit]

The 27th Parliament sat for five sessions (there were three sessions in 1944), and was prorogued on 4 November 1946.[3] The twenty-seventh parliament absent-mindedly increased its own life in 1946 when it was forgotten that because of the 25 September elections in 1943 its three years of life ended on 11 October. The House sat to wind up the session without transacting any business on the following day and it was not formally dissolved until 4 November 1946.[4]

Session Opened Adjourned
first 22 February 1944 4 April 1944
second 26 July 1944 25 October 1944
third 21 November 1944 15 December 1944
fourth 27 June 1945 7 December 1945
fifth 26 June 1946 12 October 1946

Ministries[edit]

Peter Fraser of the Labour Party had been Prime Minister since 27 March 1940. He had formed the first Fraser Ministry on 1 April 1940 and the second Fraser Ministry on 30 April 1940.[5] The second Fraser Ministry remained in power until its defeat by the National Party at the 1949 election.[6][7]

A War Cabinet had been formed on 16 July 1940, which held the responsibility for all decisions relating to New Zealand's involvement in World War II. The War Cabinet was dissolved on 21 August 1945.[8]

Party standings[edit]

Start of Parliament[edit]

Party Leader(s) Seats at start
Labour Party Peter Fraser 45
National Party Sidney Holland 34
Independents 1

End of Parliament[edit]

Party Leader(s) Seats at start
Labour Party Peter Fraser 44
National Party Sidney Holland 35
Independents 1

Members[edit]

Initial MPs[edit]

The table below shows the results of the 1943 general election:

Key

 Labour    National    Democratic Labour        Real Democracy  Independent  

[v · t · e] Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1943[9]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Auckland Central Bill Parry 4,769 W. G. S. Swabey
Auckland East Frederick Schramm 962 H. T. Merritt
Auckland Suburbs Rex Mason 3,028 T. A. Bishop
Auckland West Peter Carr 5,402 John W. Kealy
Avon Dan Sullivan 4,460 J. N. Clarke
Awarua James Hargest Uncontested
Bay of Islands Charles Wallace Boswell Sidney Walter Smith 1,276 Charles Wallace Boswell
Bay of Plenty Bill Sullivan 1,679 C. Mills
Buller Paddy Webb 4,635 E. W. Nicolaus
Central Otago William Bodkin 2,723 J. Mackay
Christchurch East Mabel Howard 5,537 R. G. Brown
Christchurch North Sidney Holland 2,645 George Manning[10]
Christchurch South Robert Macfarlane 4,416 A. R. Guthrie
Clutha James Roy 1,587 H. K. Edie
Dunedin Central Peter Nielson 2,155 L. J. T. Ireland
Dunedin North James Wright Munro 2,798 A. L. S. Castle
Dunedin South Fred Jones 3,061 D. Murdoch
Dunedin West Gervan McMillan Philip Connolly 1,338 A. S. Falconer
Eden Bill Anderton 14 Wilfred Fortune
Egmont Charles Wilkinson Ernest Corbett 2,422 E. T. Cox
Franklin Jack Massey 3,285 A. Best
Gisborne David William Coleman 572 Harry Barker[11]
Grey Lynn John A. Lee Fred Hackett 6,059 John A. Lee
Hamilton Charles Barrell Frank Finlay 454 Charles Barrell
Hauraki Andrew Sutherland 2,723 E. C. R. N. Robinson
Hawke's Bay Edward Luttrell Cullen 1,636 Eric N. Pryor[12]
Hurunui George Forbes William Gillespie 1,566 J Morgan
Hutt Walter Nash 5,260 John H. Hogan
Invercargill William Denham 987 W. Bell
Kaiapoi Morgan Williams 761 W. H. Overton
Kaipara Gordon Coates Clifton Webb 2,800 J. S. Stewart
Lyttelton Terry McCombs 1,374 Edward Bickmore Ellison Taylor[13]
Manawatu John Cobbe Matthew Oram 2,305 William Henry Oliver[nb 1]
Marlborough Edwin Meachen 450 Tom Shand
Marsden James Gillespie Barclay Alfred Murdoch 1,006 James Gillespie Barclay
Masterton John Robertson Garnet Hercules Mackley 494 John Robertson
Mataura Tom Macdonald Uncontested
Mid-Canterbury Mary Grigg Richard Gerard 634 D C Barnes
Motueka Clarence Skinner 301 J R Haldane
Napier Bill Barnard Tommy Armstrong 1,273 M. Spence
Nelson Harry Atmore 191 F. W. Huggins
New Plymouth Frederick Frost Ernest Aderman 1,276 Frederick Frost
Oamaru Arnold Nordmeyer 125 T. R. Beatty
Onehunga Arthur Osborne 3,324 John Park
Otahuhu Charles Petrie 464 G. Hamilton
Otaki Leonard Lowry 191 Bertie Cooksley
Pahiatua Alfred Ransom Keith Holyoake 1,825 G. A. Hansen
Palmerston North Joe Hodgens 212 A. E. Mansford
Patea Harold Dickie William Sheat 912 A. H. Langslow
Raglan Lee Martin Robert Coulter 108 R. J. Glasgow
Rangitikei Edward Gordon 1,612 R. Freeman
Remuera Bill Endean Ronald Algie 4,183 Martyn Finlay
Riccarton Herbert Kyle Jack Watts 1,322 H. E. Denton
Roskill Arthur Richards 962 Roy McElroy[15]
Rotorua Alexander Moncur Geoffrey Sim 715 Alexander Moncur
Stratford William Polson 2,059 B. Richmond
Tauranga Frederick Doidge 3,625 D. A. Hill
Temuka Jack Acland 1,690 G. A. Harris
Thames Jim Thorn 935 W. A. Clark
Timaru Clyde Carr 1,701 J. S. Satherwaite
Waikato William Goosman 4,615 C. Croall
Waimarino Frank Langstone 1,404 R. O. Montgomerie
Waipawa Cyril Harker 2,091 A. Low
Wairarapa Ben Roberts 151 James Joseph Maher
Waitaki Doug Kidd 821 J. S. Adams
Waitemata Mary Dreaver Henry Thorne Morton 321 Mary Dreaver
Waitomo Walter Broadfoot 1,881 E. A. Waters
Wallace Adam Hamilton 1,607 J. J. Lynch
Wanganui Joseph Cotterill 2,437 E. J. Kirk
Wellington Central Peter Fraser 1,206 Will Appleton
Wellington East Bob Semple 2,588 Leonard Theodor Jacobsen[16]
Wellington North Charles Henry Chapman 1,897 Thomas Hislop
Wellington South Robert McKeen 4,156 Ernest Toop
Wellington Suburbs Harry Ernest Combs 2,581 Bill Veitch
Wellington West Catherine Stewart Charles Bowden 1,183 Catherine Stewart
Westland James O'Brien 2,600 E Frank Chivers[17][18]
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Āpirana Ngata Tiaki Omana 240 Āpirana Ngata
Northern Maori Paraire Karaka Paikea Tapihana Paraire Paikea 2,438 E. M. Pou
Southern Maori Eruera Tirikatene 558 J. P. Tikao-Barrett
Western Maori Toko Ratana 3,309 Pei Te Hurinui Jones

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Father of the historian W. H. Oliver[14]

By-elections during 27th Parliament[edit]

There were a number of changes during the term of the 27th Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Awarua 1944 28 October James Hargest Death George Herron
Western Maori 1945 10 February Haami Ratana Death Matiu Ratana
Hamilton 1945 26 May Frank Findlay Death Hilda Ross
Dunedin North 1945 21 July James Munro Death Robert Walls
Raglan 1946 5 March Robert Coulter Death Hallyburton Johnstone

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  2. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 90.
  3. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 70.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 175.
  5. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 50.
  6. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 50–51.
  7. ^ Beaglehole, Tim. "Fraser, Peter". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 11 December 2011. 
  8. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 52.
  9. ^ "The General Election, 1943". National Library. 1944. pp. 1–12. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  10. ^ Sharfe, Jean. "Manning, George". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 17 February 2010. 
  11. ^ Milton-Tee, Ann. "Harry Heaton Barker". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  12. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 382.
  13. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 387.
  14. ^ "William Henry Oliver". Auckland War Memorial Museum. Retrieved 2 October 2015. 
  15. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 375.
  16. ^ "Public Notices". The Evening Post. CXXXVI (136). 6 December 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  17. ^ "General Election". Auckland Star. LXXIV (203). 27 August 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 
  18. ^ "Chivers, E Frank, DSM, MID". Torpedo Bay Navy Museum. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 

References[edit]

  • Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.