27th New Zealand Parliament
|Terms of the
New Zealand Parliament
|1st | 2nd | 3rd | 4th | 5th
6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th
11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th
16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th
21st | 22nd | 23rd | 24th | 25th
26th | 27th | 28th | 29th | 30th
31st | 32nd | 33rd | 34th | 35th
36th | 37th | 38th | 39th | 40th
41st | 42nd | 43rd | 44th | 45th
46th | 47th | 48th | 49th | 50th
1943 general election
The 1943 general election was held on Friday, 24 September in the Māori electorates and on Saturday, 25 September in the general electorates, respectively. A total of 80 MPs were elected; 48 represented North Island electorates, 28 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates. 1,021,034 civilian voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 82.8%. In addition, 92,934 military votes were cast.
The 27th Parliament sat for five sessions (there were three sessions in 1944), and was prorogued on 4 November 1946. The twenty-seventh parliament absent-mindedly increased its own life in 1946 when it was forgotten that because of the 25 September elections in 1943 its three years of life ended on 11 October. The House sat to wind up the session without transacting any business on the following day and it was not formally dissolved until 4 November 1946.
|first||22 February 1944||4 April 1944|
|second||26 July 1944||25 October 1944|
|third||21 November 1944||15 December 1944|
|fourth||27 June 1945||7 December 1945|
|fifth||26 June 1946||12 October 1946|
Peter Fraser of the Labour Party had been Prime Minister since 27 March 1940. He had formed the first Fraser Ministry on 1 April 1940 and the second Fraser Ministry on 30 April 1940. The second Fraser Ministry remained in power until its defeat by the National Party at the 1949 election.
A War Cabinet had been formed on 16 July 1940, which held the responsibility for all decisions relating to New Zealand's involvement in World War II. The War Cabinet was dissolved on 21 August 1945.
Start of Parliament
|Party||Leader(s)||Seats at start|
|Labour Party||Peter Fraser||45|
|National Party||Sidney Holland||34|
End of Parliament
|Party||Leader(s)||Seats at start|
|Labour Party||Peter Fraser||44|
|National Party||Sidney Holland||35|
The table below shows the results of the 1943 general election:
By-elections during 27th Parliament
There were a number of changes during the term of the 27th Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Awarua||1944||28 October||James Hargest||Death||George Herron|
|Western Maori||1945||10 February||Haami Ratana||Death||Matiu Ratana|
|Hamilton||1945||26 May||Frank Findlay||Death||Hilda Ross|
|Dunedin North||1945||21 July||James Munro||Death||Robert Walls|
|Raglan||1946||5 March||Robert Coulter||Death||Hallyburton Johnstone|
- "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 90.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 70.
- Wilson 1985, p. 175.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 50.
- Scholefield 1950, pp. 50–51.
- Beaglehole, Tim. "Fraser, Peter". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 11 December 2011.
- Scholefield 1950, p. 52.
- "The General Election, 1943". National Library. 1944. pp. 1–12. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- Sharfe, Jean. "Manning, George". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
- Milton-Tee, Ann. "Harry Heaton Barker". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- Gustafson 1986, p. 382.
- Gustafson 1986, p. 387.
- "William Henry Oliver". Auckland War Memorial Museum. Retrieved 2 October 2015.
- Gustafson 1986, p. 375.
- "Public Notices". The Evening Post. CXXXVI (136). 6 December 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- "General Election". Auckland Star. LXXIV (203). 27 August 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- "Chivers, E Frank, DSM, MID". Torpedo Bay Navy Museum. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6.
- Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.