27th Tennessee Infantry Regiment
|27th Tennessee Infantry Regiment|
|Branch||Confederate States Army|
|Part of||Maney's Brigade|
|Arms||Enfield rifled muskets|
|Disbanded||May 1, 1865|
The 27th Tennessee Infantry Regiment, also known as the Twenty-seventh Tennessee, was an infantry formation in the Confederate States Army during the Civil War, and was successively commanded by Colonels Christopher Williams and Alexander Caldwell.
The Twenty-seventh Tennessee was organized on September 10, 1861, at Camp Trenton, from new and existing companies of volunteer infantry. Its 833 men were from the counties of Benton, McNairy, Obion, Henderson, Decatur, Crockett, Weakley, and Carroll. It was furnished arms at Columbus, Kentucky, then fought at Shiloh, Munfordville, and Perryville. The unit was assigned to Maney's Brigade, Cheatham's Division, First Corps, Army of Tennessee, and on January 1, 1863, consolidated with the First (Field's) Tennessee Infantry. It participated in many conflicts from Murfreesboro to Atlanta, endured Hood's winter operations, and ended the war in North Carolina attached to Palmer's Brigade. The regiment totaled 580 effectives in December 1861, and lost fifty-four percent of the 350 at Shiloh and fifty-three percent of the 210 at Perryville. The First and Twenty-seventh had 83 casualties of the 457 at Murfreesboro, reported 14 killed and 75 wounded at Chickamauga, and in late 1863, totaled 456 men and 290 arms. Only a remnant surrendered on April 26, 1865.
Regimental order of battle
Units of the Twenty-seventh Tennessee included:
- Company A
- Company B
- Company C
- Company D (Felix Rebels)
- Company E (Decatur Tigers)
- Company F
- Company G
- Company H
- Company I
- Company K (Henderson County Sharpshooters)
- Sifakis 1992, pp. 133-34.
- Crute 1987, pp. 298–99.
- Taylor 1886, pp. 415–29.
- Hewett 1998, pp. 75–89.
- Crute, Joseph H. Jr. (1987). Units of the Confederate States Army (2nd ed.). Gaithersburg, Md.: Olde Soldier Books. ISBN 0-942211-53-7.
- Hewett, Janet B., ed. (1998). Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. II. 67. Wilmington, N.C.: Broadfoot Publishing Co. ISBN 1-56837-275-2.
- Sifakis, Stewart (1992). Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Tennessee. New York: Facts On File, Inc. ISBN 0-8160-2286-0.
- Taylor, John M. (1886). Lindsley, Dr. John Berrien, ed. Military Annuals of Tennessee. I. Nashville: J. M. Lindsley & Co.
- Allardice, Bruce S. (2008). Confederate Colonels: A Biographical Register. Columbia: University of Missouri Press. ISBN 978-0-8262-1809-4.
- Carroll, John William (1898). Autobiography and Reminiscences of John W. Carroll. Henderson, Tenn. Retrieved June 16, 2014.
- C.S. War Dept. (1863). Regulations for the Army of the Confederate States, 1863 (2nd ed.). Richmond, Virginia: J. W. Randolph. pp. 402–03. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
- Hodge, Robert Lee; Seley, Shane (Directors) (2010). The Battle of Perryville: The Invasion of Kentucky (DVD). Hodge Films.
- Porter, James D. (1899). Evans, Brig.-Gen. Clement A., ed. Confederate Military History. X. Atlanta: Confederate Publishing Co.
- Sanders, Stuart W. (2014). Maney's Confederate Brigade at the Battle of Perryville. Charleston, S.C.: The History Press. ISBN 978-1-62619-264-5.
- "U.S. Army Campaigns: Civil War". Center of Military History. United States Army. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- Watkins, Sam. R. (1882). 1861 vs. 1862. "Co. Aytch", Maury Grays, First Tennessee Regiment; or, A Side Show of the Big Show. Nashville, Tenn.: Cumberland Presbyterian Publishing House. Retrieved October 2, 2014.