281 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
281 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 281 BC
Ab urbe condita 473
Ancient Egypt era XXXIII dynasty, 43
- Pharaoh Ptolemy II Philadelphus, 3
Ancient Greek era 124th Olympiad, year 4
Assyrian calendar 4470
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −873
Berber calendar 670
Buddhist calendar 264
Burmese calendar −918
Byzantine calendar 5228–5229
Chinese calendar 己卯(Earth Rabbit)
2416 or 2356
    — to —
庚辰年 (Metal Dragon)
2417 or 2357
Coptic calendar −564 – −563
Discordian calendar 886
Ethiopian calendar −288 – −287
Hebrew calendar 3480–3481
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −224 – −223
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2820–2821
Holocene calendar 9720
Iranian calendar 902 BP – 901 BP
Islamic calendar 930 BH – 929 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 2053
Minguo calendar 2192 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1748
Seleucid era 31/32 AG
Thai solar calendar 262–263
Tibetan calendar 阴土兔年
(female Earth-Rabbit)
−154 or −535 or −1307
    — to —
(male Iron-Dragon)
−153 or −534 or −1306

Year 281 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Barbula and Philippus (or, less frequently, year 473 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 281 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Asia Minor[edit]


  • Seleucus takes over Thrace and then tries to seize Macedonia. However, he falls into a trap near Lysimachia, Thrace, set by Ptolemy Keraunos, one of the sons of Ptolemy I and Arsinoe II's half brother, who murders Seleucus and takes Macedonia for himself.
  • Cineas, a Thessalian serving as chief adviser to King Pyrrhus of Epirus, after visiting Rome attempts, without success, to dissuade Pyrrhus from invading southern Italy.

Seleucid Empire[edit]