281 series

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For the KiHa 281 series DMU operated by JR Hokkaido, see KiHa 281 series.
281 series
Jrwest 281.jpg
A 281 series train
In service 1994–
Manufacturer Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo
Family name Haruka
Constructed 1994–1995
Number built 63 vehicles
Number in service 63 vehicles
Formation 6/3 cars per trainset
Capacity 258
Operator JR West
Depot(s) Hineno
Line(s) served Tokaido Main Line, Osaka Loop Line, Hanwa Line, Kansai Airport Line
Car body construction Steel
Car length 20,740 mm (68 ft 1 in) (end cars)
20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in) (intermediate cars)
Width 2,920 mm (9 ft 7 in)
Height 3,550 mm (11 ft 8 in)
Maximum speed 130 km/h (80 mph)
Traction system Variable frequency (3-level GTO)
Acceleration 1.8 km/(h·s) (1.1 mph/s)
Electric system(s) 1,500 V DC overhead
Current collection method WPS27D scissors-type pantograph
Bogies WDT55 (motored)
WTR239 (trailer)
Braking system(s) Regenerative brake, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes, snow-resistant brake
Safety system(s) ATS-P, ATS-SW
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The 281 series (281系?) is a DC electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West). It was introduced on September 4, 1994 for passengers travelling to/from Kansai International Airport. Provisions are made for luggage racks and dedicated luggage room.


Built jointly by Kinki Sharyo and Kawasaki Heavy Industries,[1] the trains are used on the Haruka limited express service via the Kansai Airport Line in 3- or 6-car formations.


Sets are based at Hineno Depot, and are formed as shown below.[2]

6-car sets[edit]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Designation Tsc M T T1 M Tc
Numbering KuRo 280 MoHa 281 SaHa 281 SaHa 281-100 MoHa 281 KuHa 281

3-car sets[edit]

Car No. 7 8 9
Designation Tc T1 Mc
Numbering KuHa 280 SaHa 281-100 KuMoHa 281



  1. ^ Saka, Masahiro (March 2014). "JR第1世代の車両・現況と概要" [JR 1st-generation rolling stock: Current situation and overview]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (in Japanese) (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 43 (359): p.22. 
  2. ^ JR電車編成表 2012夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2012]. Japan: JRR. May 2012. p. 159. ISBN 978-4-330-28612-9. 

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