283 series

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For the KiHa 283 series DMU operated by JR Hokkaido, see KiHa 283 series.
283 series
JR west-ec283.jpg
A 283 series train
In service 1996–
Manufacturer Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Nippon Sharyo
Family name Ocean Arrow
Constructed 1996
Number built 18 vehicles (4 sets)
Number in service 18 vehicles
Formation 3/6 cars per trainset
Operator(s) JR-West
Depot(s) Hineno
Line(s) served Tokaido Main Line, Osaka Loop Line, Hanwa Line, Kisei Main Line
Car body construction Steel
Car length 21,300 mm (69 ft 11 in) (panoramic end cars)
20,850 mm (68 ft 5 in) (Gangwayed end cars)
20,800 mm (68 ft 3 in) (intermediate cars)
Width 2,850 mm (9 ft 4 in)
Height 3,390 mm (11 ft 1 in)
Maximum speed 130 km/h (80 mph)
Traction system Variable frequency (3-level IGBT)
Electric system(s) 1,500 V DC overhead
Current collection method WPS28 single-arm pantograph
Bogies WDT57 (powered), WTR241 (trailer)
Braking system(s) Regenerative brake, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes, snow-resistant brake
Safety system(s) ATS-P, ATS-SW
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The 283 series (283系 Nihyaku-hachijūsan-kei?) is a DC electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) on limited express services on the Kinokuni Line (Kisei Main Line) in Japan.


Built jointly by Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, and Nippon Sharyo,[1] two six-car and two three-car sets were built, and introduced on 31 July 1996 to improve travel times on the Kuroshio limited-express service.


3-car sets[edit]

Car No. 7 8 9
Designation Tc'5 M Tc5
Numbering KuHa 282-501 MoHa 283-3 KuHa 283-503
Designation Tc'7 M2 Tsc
Numbering KuHa 282-701 MoHa 283-201 KuRo 283-1

6-car sets[edit]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Designation Tsc' T M3 T2 M Tc5
Numbering KuRo 282 SaHa 283 MoHa 283-300 SaHa 283-200 MoHa 283 KuHa 283-500


  1. ^ Saka, Masahiro (March 2014). "JR第1世代の車両・現況と概要" [JR 1st-generation rolling stock: Current situation and overview]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (in Japanese). Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. 43 (359): 22. 

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