289 Commando Troop, Royal Artillery

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289 Commando Troop Royal Artillery
Active31 October 1956-date
Country United Kingdom
Branch British Army
TypeArtillery
RoleClose Support Guns
SizeRegiment then Battery then Troop
Part of104 Regiment Royal Artillery
peacetime HQPlymouth
Tactical Recognition FlashRoyal Artillery TRF.svg
Equipment4.2" Mortar
25 pounder
L118 light gun

The 289 Commando Troop originated as a Royal Artillery regiment of the Territorial Army that was formed in London in 1956. It was transferred to the Royal Horse Artillery in 1960 and reduced to a battery in 1967. In 1977 it was re-roled as a Commando battery before being reduced to a troop in 1999. It is now based in Plymouth as a detached part of 266 (Gloucestershire Volunteer Artillery) Battery where they perform the same Close Support Light Gun Role as part of 104 Regiment Royal Artillery, whilst also supporting 29 Commando Regiment in an unofficial role.[1]

History[edit]

Regiment[edit]

The post-Second World War Territorial Army included a single airborne division 16th Airborne Division.[2] The division was disbanded in 1956[3] with the remaining units forming the 44th Independent Parachute Group (TA). On 31 October 1956, the 289th Parachute Light Regiment, Royal Artillery (TA) was formed by the amalgamation of the 285th (Essex) Parachute Field Regiment and 292nd (5th London) Parachute Field Regiment.[4][5][a] Both regiments had served with the 16th Airborne Division before amalgamation.[2] The new regiment's number was the median of 285 and 292.[4] The regiment consisted of:

Headquarters at East Ham
P Battery at Stratford
Q Battery at Blackheath
R Battery at Plumstead
S Battery at Grays

Each battery was equipped with six 4.2" Mortars and supported one of the four parachute infantry battalions of 44th Independent Parachute Group. The regiment's armament was later augmented with 25 pounders.[8]

On 10 September 1960, the regiment was transferred to the Royal Horse Artillery as 289th Parachute Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery (TA). It was amalgamated with 880th Locating Battery[b] without change of title on 1 May 1961 and was redesignated as 289th Parachute Light Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery (TA) on 18 March 1963.[4][5][10]

Battery[edit]

The 1966 Defence White Paper announced a complete reorganisation of the Territorial Army as the Territorial and Army Volunteer Reserve (TAVR) and the former regimental and divisional structure was ended. As a result, the regiment was reduced to an independent battery in TAVR II[c] in London and adopted the title 289th Parachute Battery, Royal Horse Artillery (Volunteers) on 1 April 1967.[4][11] It was the only independent battery in TAVR II[12] and continued to be assigned to 44th Parachute Brigade (Volunteers).[8]

The battery left[13] the 44th Parachute Brigade shortly before it was disbanded[14] and on 1 April 1977 it was reroled and redesignated as 289th Commando Battery, Royal Artillery (Volunteers).[4] Now it was to provide support to the Plymouth based 29th Commando Regiment Royal Artillery, equipped with L118 light guns.[15]

Troop[edit]

On 30 June 1999, the battery was disbanded; a troop-sized sub-unit, 289th Parachute Troop, Royal Artillery (Volunteers), joined the Bristol based 266th (Gloucestershire Volunteer Artillery) Battery, Royal Artillery (Volunteers) in 100th (Yeomanry) Regiment Royal Artillery[4] and provided support to 29th Commando Regiment,[16] still equipped with L118 Light Guns.[17]

In 2007, 289th Parachute Troop, by now located at Romford, was transferred to 201st (Hertfordshire and Bedfordshire Yeomanry) Royal Artillery (still in 100th (Yeomanry) Regiment). 201st Battery was now made up of two troops (Luton and Romford) and Battery Headquarters in Luton.[18] The battery provided support to the Colchester based 7th Parachute Regiment Royal Horse Artillery, including deployments to Iraq.[19]

Under Army 2020 plans, 201st Battery was placed in suspended animation.[20] Luton elements formed part of 678th (The Rifles) Squadron, 6th Regiment, Army Air Corps in April 2014.[21] 289th Parachute Troop was placed in suspended animation on 31 March 2014[22] but is subsequently transferred to Plymouth where they performed the UAV DH3 role until being retasked to Close Support Guns in 2017.

Honorary Colonels[edit]

The regiment's Honorary Colonel was Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma from formation in 1956, through to 1967.[4] He had been Honorary Colonel of the predecessor 292nd (5th London) Parachute Field Regiment, Royal Artillery.[7] The position seems to have been vacant from 1967 until 1970 when Brigadier W. F. K. "Sheriff" Thompson was appointed on 2 January 1970.[23] Thompson held this position until his tenure expired and he was succeeded on 13 November 1978 by Lt-Gen Sir Terence D.H. McMeekin.[24] He was succeeded on 13 November 1983 by Maj-Gen Arthur G.E. Stewart-Cox.[4]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 285th (Essex) Parachute Field Regiment was formerly the 2nd East Anglian Brigade, RFA of the East Anglian Division in World War I and 85th (East Anglian) Field Regiment, RA in World War II.[6] 292nd (5th London) Parachute Field Regiment was formerly the 5th London Brigade, RFA of the 2nd London Division in World War I and 92nd (5th London) Field Regiment, RA in World War II.[7]
  2. ^ 880th Forward Observation Battery, RA (TA) was formerly assigned to 16th Airborne Division.[9]
  3. ^ TAVR II units were assigned a NATO role, specifically support for the British Army of the Rhine.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.army.mod.uk/artillery/regiments/24684.aspx
  2. ^ a b Graham Watson (10 March 2002). "United Kingdom: The Territorial Army 1947". orbat.com. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  3. ^ "16th Airborne Division (TA)". ParaData. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "289 Parachute Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery (T.A.) 1956-1999 at regiments.org by T.F.Mills". Archived from the original on 16 August 2007. Retrieved 2015-02-13.
  5. ^ a b Frederick 1984, p. 1002
  6. ^ "1st Essex Artillery Volunteers, Royal Artillery 1860-1956 at regiments.org by T.F.Mills". Archived from the original on 16 August 2007. Retrieved 2015-02-13.
  7. ^ a b "5th London Artillery, Royal Artillery 1861-1956 at regiments.org by T.F.Mills". Archived from the original on 16 August 2007. Retrieved 2015-02-13.
  8. ^ a b "British Army Airborne Patch 289 Para Regiment RHA DZ 2 1960s". Air Force Collectables. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  9. ^ "16th Airborne Division (TA) Units". ParaData. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  10. ^ A. Young. "Territorial Army - Royal Artillery » 289 - 322 Regiments 1947-67". British Army units from 1945 on. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  11. ^ Frederick 1984, p. 1040
  12. ^ "Regiments of the British Territorial & Army Volunteer Reserve 1967 at regiments.org by T.F.Mills". Archived from the original on 15 July 2007. Retrieved 2015-02-13.
  13. ^ "289 Parachute Regiment Royal Horse Artillery (TA)". ParaData. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  14. ^ "44th Independent Parachute Brigade Group (TA)". ParaData. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  15. ^ "Unit History Summaries". Royal Marines Museum. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  16. ^ "29 Commando Regiment Royal Artillery Organisation". Commando Gunner Regroup. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  17. ^ "Artillery Regiments". The British Army. armedforces.co.uk. 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  18. ^ A D O’Neill Captain PSAO 201 Bty RA(V). "A letter from Captain O'Neill". Archived from the original on 14 February 2015. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  19. ^ "201 (Herts and Beds Yeomanry) Parachute Battery, RA (V)". ParaData. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  20. ^ "Summary of Army 2020 Reserve Structure and Basing Changes" (PDF). 3 July 2013. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 August 2013. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  21. ^ "678 Sqn AAC". MoD. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  22. ^ "Military group to hold final parade through Bedford town centre". Bedfordshire On Sunday. 26 February 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
  23. ^ "No. 45041". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 February 1970. p. 1950.
  24. ^ "No. 47686". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 December 1978. p. 13614.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Frederick, J.B.M. (1984). Lineage Book of British Land Forces 1660–1978. Wakefield, Yorkshire: Microform Academic Publishers. ISBN 1-85117-009-X.

External links[edit]