28th New Zealand Parliament

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The 28th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1946 general election in November of that year.

1946 general election[edit]

The 1946 general election was held on Tuesday, 26 November in the Māori electorates and on Wednesday, 27 November in the general electorates, respectively.[1] A total of 80 MPs were elected; 49 represented North Island electorates, 27 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates.[2] 1,081,898 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 93.5%.[1]

Sessions[edit]

The 28th Parliament sat for five sessions, and was prorogued on 3 November 1949:[3]

Session Opened Adjouned
first 24 June 1947 27 November 1947
second 22 June 1948 3 December 1948
third 28 June 1949 21 October 1949

Ministries[edit]

Peter Fraser of the Labour Party had been Prime Minister since 27 March 1940. He had formed the first Fraser Ministry on 1 April 1940 and the second Fraser Ministry on 30 April 1940.[4] The second Fraser Ministry remained in power until its defeat by the National Party at the 1949 election.[5][6]

Party Standings[edit]

Party Leader(s) Seats at start
Labour Party Peter Fraser 44
National Party Sidney Holland 38

Members[edit]

Initial MPs[edit]

The table below shows the results of the 1946 general election:

Key

 Labour    National    Independent  

[v · t · e] Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1946[7]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Arch Hill New electorate Bill Parry[8] 6,585 E J Clark
Ashburton New electorate Richard Geoffrey Gerard 1,453 Mabel Newlands
Auckland Central Bill Parry[8] Bill Anderton[9] 3,478 Leon Götz[10]
Avon Dan Sullivan 5,180 R A McDowell
Awarua George Richard Herron 2,588 G G M Mitchell
Bay of Plenty Bill Sullivan[11] 1,634 Ray Boord[12][7]
Brooklyn New electorate Peter Fraser[13] 3,935 S Hardy
Buller Paddy Webb Clarence Skinner 2,912 P E McDonald
Central Otago William Bodkin 2,909 C Capell
Christchurch Central New electorate Robert Macfarlane 4,420 A J Wills
Clutha James Roy 2,140 J P Thompson
Dunedin Central Peter Neilson Philip Connolly 2,000 Thomas Kay Stuart Sidey[14][7]
Eden Bill Anderton[9] Wilfred Fortune[15] 1,281 Warren Freer[16][7]
Egmont Ernest Corbett[17] 3,398 C R Parker
Fendalton New electorate Sidney Holland 3,004 A G Williams
Franklin Jack Massey 4,023 A D J Gunn
Gisborne David William Coleman 2,015 Harry Barker[18]
Grey Lynn Fred Hackett 5,910 H S Barry
Hamilton Hilda Ross 327 J Granville
Hastings New electorate Edward Luttrell Cullen 483 Eric Pryor[19]
Hauraki Andrew Sutherland 2,891 J W Neate
Hawke's Bay Edward Luttrell Cullen Cyril Harker 2,014 H E Beattie
Hobson New electorate Sidney Walter Smith 3,580 H K Hatrick
Hurunui William Gillespie 1,440 John Mathison
Hutt Walter Nash 2,587 J E F Vogel
Invercargill William Denham Ralph Hanan 224 William Denham
Island Bay New electorate Robert McKeen 3,958 H E Childs
Karori New electorate Charles Bowden 2,042 P C McGavin
Lyttelton Terry McCombs 1,543 Edward Bickmore Ellison Taylor[20]
Manawatu Matthew Oram 2,467 Phil Holloway
Marlborough Edwin Meachen Tom Shand 179 Edwin Meachen
Marsden Alfred Murdoch 2,149 J S Stewart
Miramar New electorate Bob Semple 2,482 Leonard Theodor Jacobsen[21]
Mornington New electorate Walter Arthur Hudson 4,681 L D McIver
Mount Albert New electorate Arthur Shapton Richards 1,857 F A Hosking
Mount Victoria New electorate Jack Marshall 911 Eugene Casey
Napier Tommy Armstrong 1,845 A J Price
Nelson vacant[nb 1] Edgar Neale 585 C H Goodman
New Plymouth Ernest Aderman 405 G Nimmo
North Dunedin Robert Walls 1,630 Norman Jones[22]
North Shore New electorate Martyn Finlay 249 Henry Thorne Morton[23]
Oamaru Arnold Nordmeyer 232 T R Beatty
Onehunga Arthur Osborne 3,424 W K King
Onslow New electorate Harry Ernest Combs 1,578 P P Lynch
Otahuhu Charles Robert Petrie 220 C A Murdoch
Otaki Leonard Lowry James Joseph Maher 44 Jim Thorn
Pahiatua Keith Holyoake 3,697 O E Niederer
Palmerston North Joe Hodgens Ormond Wilson 928 Augustus Edward Mansford
Parnell New electorate Duncan Rae 206 Frederick Schramm
Patea William Sheat 870 R J O'Dea
Petone New electorate Michael Moohan 4,019 G London
Piako New electorate William Goosman 5,101 E A Waters
Ponsonby New electorate Ritchie Macdonald 3,431 Peter E Dempsey[24]
Raglan Hallyburton Johnstone Alan Baxter 13 Hallyburton Johnstone
Rangitikei Edward Gordon 2,307 J D Capstick
Remuera Ronald Algie 4,410 J Freeman
Riccarton Jack Watts Angus McLagan 3,875 V W Wilson
Rodney New electorate Clifton Webb 2,850 A B Dixon
Roskill Arthur Shapton Richards Frank Langstone 155 Roy McElroy[25]
St Albans New electorate Jack Watts 86 Morgan Williams[26]
St Kilda New electorate Fred Jones 1,248 L J T Ireland
Selwyn New electorate John McAlpine 472 E A Sharp
Sydenham New electorate Mabel Howard 6,746 R Hunter
Tamaki New electorate Tom Skinner 231 J G C Wales
Tauranga Frederick Doidge 2,704 D A Hill
Timaru Clyde Carr 520 Jack Acland[27]
Waikato William Goosman Geoffrey Sim 4,385 J Dwyer
Waimarino Frank Langstone Paddy Kearins 681 N R Hill
Waimate New electorate David Campbell Kidd 789 W R Davison
Wairarapa Ben Roberts Garnet Hercules Mackley 235 G A Hansen
Waitakere New electorate Rex Mason 2,797 A M Laing
Waitomo Walter Broadfoot 3,951 A G Goldsmith
Wallace Adam Hamilton Tom Macdonald 3,716 D J Munro
Wanganui Joseph Cotterill 1,934 E W Merewether
Wellington Central Peter Fraser Charles Henry Chapman 1,680 Agnes Louisa Weston[nb 2]
Westland James O'Brien 4,716 E Frank Chivers[30][31]
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Tiaki Omana 1,517 Āpirana Ngata
Northern Maori Tapihana Paraire Paikea 2,555 James Henare[32]
Southern Maori Eruera Tirikatene 581 Vernon Ohaia Mason Thomas
Western Maori Matiu Ratana 6,491 Hoeroa Marumaru[33]

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Harry Atmore, the previous holder of the Nelson electorate, died on 20 August 1946
  2. ^ Claude Weston died suddenly on 10 November 1946 and was replaced by his wife[28][29]

By-elections during 28th Parliament[edit]

There were a number of changes during the term of the 28th Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Avon 1947 28 May Dan Sullivan Death Jock Mathison
Mount Albert 1947 24 September Arthur Richards Death Warren Freer
Westland 1947 3 December James O'Brien Death James Kent

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  2. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 90.
  3. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 70.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 50.
  5. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 50–51.
  6. ^ Beaglehole, Tim. "Fraser, Peter". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 11 December 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  8. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 225.
  9. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 180.
  10. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 315.
  11. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 237.
  12. ^ Norton 1988, p. 200.
  13. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 198.
  14. ^ Norton 1988, p. 212.
  15. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 197.
  16. ^ Norton 1988, p. 220.
  17. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 190.
  18. ^ Milton-Tee, Ann. "Harry Heaton Barker". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  19. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 382.
  20. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 387.
  21. ^ "Public Notices". The Evening Post. CXXXVI (136). 6 December 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  22. ^ Gustafson 1986, pp. 323f.
  23. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 334.
  24. ^ Gustafson 1986, pp. 360f.
  25. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 375.
  26. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 245.
  27. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 179.
  28. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 389.
  29. ^ "Claude Horace Weston". Auckland War Memorial Museum. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  30. ^ "General Election". Auckland Star. LXXIV (203). 27 August 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 
  31. ^ "Chivers, E Frank, DSM, MID". Torpedo Bay Navy Museum. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 
  32. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 367.
  33. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 377.

References[edit]

  • Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.