290 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
290 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 290 BC
Ab urbe condita 464
Ancient Egypt era XXXIII dynasty, 34
- Pharaoh Ptolemy I Soter, 34
Ancient Greek era 122nd Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar 4461
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −882
Berber calendar 661
Buddhist calendar 255
Burmese calendar −927
Byzantine calendar 5219–5220
Chinese calendar 庚午(Metal Horse)
2407 or 2347
    — to —
辛未年 (Metal Goat)
2408 or 2348
Coptic calendar −573 – −572
Discordian calendar 877
Ethiopian calendar −297 – −296
Hebrew calendar 3471–3472
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −233 – −232
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2811–2812
Holocene calendar 9711
Iranian calendar 911 BP – 910 BP
Islamic calendar 939 BH – 938 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 2044
Minguo calendar 2201 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1757
Seleucid era 22/23 AG
Thai solar calendar 253–254
Tibetan calendar 阳金马年
(male Iron-Horse)
−163 or −544 or −1316
    — to —
(female Iron-Goat)
−162 or −543 or −1315
The Roman republic in 290 BC (dark and light red, pink and orange).

Year 290 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Rufinus and Dentatus (or, less frequently, year 464 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 290 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]

  • Roman general and consul, Manius Curius Dentatus, gains a decisive victory over the Samnites, thereby ending a war that has lasted 50 years. He also reduces the Sabine insurgents to submission, their territory is annexed and they are granted civitas sine suffragio ("citizenship without the right to vote"). The Samnites are recognised by the Romans as autonomous allies. The Samnites are forced to give up some of their land to the Romans as compensation.


  • Berenice, wife of Ptolemy, is proclaimed queen of Egypt. Ptolemy has the city of Berenice built on the Red Sea in her honour. It becomes a great emporium for Egyptian trade with the East.