290 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
290 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar290 BC
Ab urbe condita464
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 34
- PharaohPtolemy I Soter, 34
Ancient Greek era122nd Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar4461
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−882
Berber calendar661
Buddhist calendar255
Burmese calendar−927
Byzantine calendar5219–5220
Chinese calendar庚午年 (Metal Horse)
2407 or 2347
    — to —
辛未年 (Metal Goat)
2408 or 2348
Coptic calendar−573 – −572
Discordian calendar877
Ethiopian calendar−297 – −296
Hebrew calendar3471–3472
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−233 – −232
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2811–2812
Holocene calendar9711
Iranian calendar911 BP – 910 BP
Islamic calendar939 BH – 938 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2044
Minguo calendar2201 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1757
Seleucid era22/23 AG
Thai solar calendar253–254
Tibetan calendar阳金马年
(male Iron-Horse)
−163 or −544 or −1316
    — to —
(female Iron-Goat)
−162 or −543 or −1315
The Roman republic in 290 BC (dark and light red, pink and orange).

Year 290 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Rufinus and Dentatus (or, less frequently, year 464 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 290 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]

  • Lucius Postumius Megellus, a consul from the previous year, is publicly tried for having used his office to have 2000 of his soldiers work on his farm. He is condemned by all the tribes and fined 50,000 denarii.
  • The consuls Manius Curius Dentatus and Publius Cornelius Rufinus invade Samnium and defeat the Samnites in several engagements. The Samnites sue for peace, thus ending the Third Samnite War. The Samnites are recognised by the Romans as autonomous allies but are subordinate to Rome and must give up land as compensation.
  • Curius subjugates the Sabines. Their territory is annexed, securing direct Roman access to the Adriatic. The Sabines are granted civitas sine suffragio ("citizenship without the right to vote").
  • Rome founds the colonies of Castrum, Sena and Adria.[1][2][3][4][5][6]






  1. ^ Livius, Titus. Ab Urbe Condita, Epitome of Book 11.
  2. ^ of Halicarnassus, Dionysius. Roman Antiquities 16.15-18.
  3. ^ Dio, Cassius. Roman History 8.37.
  4. ^ Victor, Aurelius. De Viris Illustribus, on Curius Dentatus.
  5. ^ Eutropius, Flavius. Breviarium 2.9.
  6. ^ Orosius, Paulus. History against the Pagans 3.22.11.
  7. ^ Qian, Sima. Records of the Grand Historian, Section: Basic Annals of Qin.