291 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
291 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar291 BC
Ab urbe condita463
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 33
- PharaohPtolemy I Soter, 33
Ancient Greek era122nd Olympiad, year 2
Assyrian calendar4460
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−883
Berber calendar660
Buddhist calendar254
Burmese calendar−928
Byzantine calendar5218–5219
Chinese calendar己巳年 (Earth Snake)
2406 or 2346
    — to —
庚午年 (Metal Horse)
2407 or 2347
Coptic calendar−574 – −573
Discordian calendar876
Ethiopian calendar−298 – −297
Hebrew calendar3470–3471
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−234 – −233
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2810–2811
Holocene calendar9710
Iranian calendar912 BP – 911 BP
Islamic calendar940 BH – 939 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2043
Minguo calendar2202 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1758
Seleucid era21/22 AG
Thai solar calendar252–253
Tibetan calendar阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
−164 or −545 or −1317
    — to —
(male Iron-Horse)
−163 or −544 or −1316

Year 291 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Megellus and Brutus (or, less frequently, year 463 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 291 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


Roman Republic[edit]

  • The proconsul Q. Fabius Maximus Gurges and legate Q. Fabius Maximus Rullianus besiege the Samnite town of Cominium Ocritum, but the consul Lucius Postumius Megellus orders Fabius Gurges to relinquish his command and evacuate Samnium, despite the fact that the Senate had appointed Fabius proconsul to campaign against the Samnites.
  • Fabius Gurges celebrates a triumph, at which the Samnite general Gavius Pontius is beheaded.
  • Postumius captures Cominium Ocritum, the major city of Venusia and other towns, killing 10,000 and capturing 6200. At the proposal of Postumius, the Senate sends 20,000 colonists to occupy Venusia, the largest Roman colony to date. However, angered by the various crimes of Postumius, the Senate does not choose him as one of the leaders of the colony and denies him a triumph.
  • Postumius celebrates a triumph on his own authority and dismisses his army before the consuls for the following year can take over.[1][2][3]





  1. ^ Livius, Titus. Ab Urbe Condita, Epitome of Book 11.
  2. ^ of Halicarnassus, Dionysius. Roman Antiquities 16.15-18.
  3. ^ Dio, Cassius. Roman History 8.32.
  4. ^ Qian, Sima. Records of the Grand Historian, Section: Basic Annals of Qin, Section: Bai Qi.