294 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
294 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar294 BC
Ab urbe condita460
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 30
- PharaohPtolemy I Soter, 30
Ancient Greek era121st Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar4457
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−886
Berber calendar657
Buddhist calendar251
Burmese calendar−931
Byzantine calendar5215–5216
Chinese calendar丙寅年 (Fire Tiger)
2403 or 2343
    — to —
丁卯年 (Fire Rabbit)
2404 or 2344
Coptic calendar−577 – −576
Discordian calendar873
Ethiopian calendar−301 – −300
Hebrew calendar3467–3468
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−237 – −236
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2807–2808
Holocene calendar9707
Iranian calendar915 BP – 914 BP
Islamic calendar943 BH – 942 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2040
Minguo calendar2205 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1761
Seleucid era18/19 AG
Thai solar calendar249–250
Tibetan calendar阳火虎年
(male Fire-Tiger)
−167 or −548 or −1320
    — to —
(female Fire-Rabbit)
−166 or −547 or −1319

Year 294 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Megellus and Regulus (or, less frequently, year 460 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 294 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • Archidamus IV, king of Sparta, son of Eudamidas I and grandson of Archidamus III, is defeated by Demetrius Poliorcetes of Macedonia in a battle at Mantinea. Sparta is saved only because Demetrius is called away by the threatening activities of his rivals Lysimachus and Ptolemy.
  • Alexander V of Macedon is ousted by his brother, Antipater II. Therefore Alexander V turns to Demetrius Poliorcetes for help in recovering his throne. However, Demetrius Poliorcetes establishes himself on the throne of Macedonia and then murders Alexander V. Antipater II loses the throne of Macedonia but is able to survive.
  • Pyrrhus of Epirus exploits the dynastic quarrel in Macedonia involving Alexander V of Macedon, his brother, Antipater II and Demetrius Poliorcetes to take over the frontier areas of Parauaea and Tymphaea, along with Acarnania, Ampholochia, and Ambracia.
  • Lysimachus concludes a peace with Demetrius Poliorcetes whereby Demetrius Poliorcetes is recognized as ruler of Macedonia.

Roman Republic[edit]

  • On a road connecting Roman and Samnite territory, the Samnites attack and nearly capture the camp of consul Marcus Atilius Regulus, who retreats to Sora and is joined by consul Lucius Postumius Megellus. The combining of consular armies prompts the Samnite army to withdraw to Samnium.
  • Postumius storms the Samnite city of Milionia, and several other towns, including Fertrum, are abandoned by their inhabitants and occupied by Postumius.
  • Without senatorial permission, Postumius marches to Etruria, wins an engagement against the Volsinii and storms the town of Rusellae. The cities of Volsinii, Perusia, and Arretium sue for peace with Rome and obtain truces for forty years.
  • Atilius marches to Apulia to relieve Luceria from a Samnite siege but is intercepted by the Samnites near the city. After an initial defeat, he attacks and overcomes the smaller Samnite army while it is on the march. He then wins an engagement against the Volcentes.
  • After an unsuccessful attempt to capture the Roman colony of Interamna, a Samnite army raids the surrounding countryside only to be attacked by Atilius, who recovers the booty.
  • Against precedent, Postumius has the Comitia Centuriata vote him a triumph despite senatorial opposition.[1][2][3]


Seleucid Empire[edit]

  • Stratonice, daughter of Demetrius Poliorcetes and wife of Seleucus marries her stepson Antiochus. Seleucus has reportedly instigated the marriage after discovering that his son by his late wife Apama was in danger of dying of lovesickness as he has fallen in love with his beautiful stepmother.





  1. ^ Livius, Titus. Ab Urbe Condita 10.32-37, 47.
  2. ^ Triumphales, Fasti. 294 BC.
  3. ^ Zonaras, John. Epitome of Histories 7.26.
  4. ^ Qian, Sima. Records of the Grand Historian, Section: Basic Annals of Qin, Section: Bai Qi.