296 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
296 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar296 BC
Ab urbe condita458
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 28
- PharaohPtolemy I Soter, 28
Ancient Greek era121st Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar4455
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−888
Berber calendar655
Buddhist calendar249
Burmese calendar−933
Byzantine calendar5213–5214
Chinese calendar甲子年 (Wood Rat)
2401 or 2341
    — to —
乙丑年 (Wood Ox)
2402 or 2342
Coptic calendar−579 – −578
Discordian calendar871
Ethiopian calendar−303 – −302
Hebrew calendar3465–3466
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−239 – −238
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2805–2806
Holocene calendar9705
Iranian calendar917 BP – 916 BP
Islamic calendar945 BH – 944 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2038
Minguo calendar2207 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1763
Seleucid era16/17 AG
Thai solar calendar247–248
Tibetan calendar阳木鼠年
(male Wood-Rat)
−169 or −550 or −1322
    — to —
(female Wood-Ox)
−168 or −549 or −1321

Year 296 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Violens and Caecus (or, less frequently, year 458 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 296 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]

  • The consul Lucius Volumnius Flamma Violens and the proconsuls Quintus Fabius Maximus Rullianus and Publius Decius Mus devastate the lands of Samnium.
  • The Samnite noble Gellius Egnatius leads an army into Umbria and makes an alliance with the majority of the Etruscan city-states and some of the Umbrian cities.
  • Following the departure of Gellius, the Romans in Samnium attack walled positions. Volumnius captures three forts, Decius captures the town of Murgantia, and Fabius captures the city of Romulea and the town of Ferentinum.
  • The Samnite-Etruscan coalition campaigns against the consul Appius Claudius Caecus in Etruria and inflicts several defeats on the Romans.
  • Volumnius orders Fabius to march into Lucania, where he stamps out pro-Samnite disturbances against the ruling class.
  • Volumnius joins Appius in Etruria and they defeat the Samnite-Etruscan coalition in a battle, killing 6900 and capturing 2120.
  • Volumnius launches a surprise attack against a Samnite column that had been raiding Campania. He frees 7400 Campanian prisoners, kills 6000 Samnites, and captures 2500 Samnites, including the general Statius Minacius and four military tribunes.
  • Gellius has a powerful warband of Semnones reinforce the anti-Roman coalition, which is also joined by yet more cities of the Umbrians.[1]
  • The temple to Bellona is erected at the south end of the prata Flaminia, later the Circus Flaminius, in Rome.[2]





  1. ^ Livius, Titus. Ab Urbe Condita 10.16-21.
  2. ^ Platner and Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Rome. Oxford University Press, 1926. p. 82.