2B1 Oka

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2B1 Oka
2B1 oka.jpg
TypeSelf-propelled artillery
Place of originUSSR
Mass55.3 tons
Height3 m

420 mm (17 in) gun
EngineV12-5 diesel
700 hp

2B1 Oka (Russian: 2Б1 Ока) is a Soviet 420 mm self-propelled heavy artillery. 2B1 is its GRAU designation.

An experimental model was ready in 1957. Its chassis (Object 273), was designed and built by the Kirov Plant. Its 20-meter barrel allowed it to fire 750 kg rounds up to 45 km. Due to its complexity of loading it had a relatively low rate of fire—one round every five minutes. Field tests showed various drawbacks of the entire design (the recoil was too strong for many components: it damaged drive sprockets, tore the gear-box away from its mountings, etc.) and the sheer length rendered it incredibly difficult to transport.

Its development continued until 1960, when the idea of such overpowered guns (along with the 2A3), was abandoned in favor of tactical ballistic missiles, such as the 2K6 Luna.

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