2MASS J11145133-2618235

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Coordinates: Sky map 11h 14m 51.337s, −26° 18′ 23.56″

2MASS J11145133-2618235
Observation data
Epoch J2000[1]      Equinox J2000[1]
Constellation Hydra
Right ascension 11h 14m 51.337s[1]
Declination −26° 18′ 23.56″[1]
Spectral type T7.5[2][3][4][5][6]
Apparent magnitude (i (GMOS filter system)) 23.21 ± 0.09[5]
Apparent magnitude (z (GMOS filter system)) 19.59 ± 0.04[5]
Apparent magnitude (J (2MASS filter system)) >15.86 ± 0.08[2][3]
Apparent magnitude (J (MKO filter system)) 15.52 ± 0.05[6]
Apparent magnitude (H (2MASS filter system)) >15.73 ± 0.12[3]
Apparent magnitude (H (MKO filter system)) 15.82 ± 0.05[6]
Apparent magnitude (KS (2MASS filter system)) >16.1[3]
Apparent magnitude (KS (MKO filter system)) 16.54 ± 0.05[6]
Proper motion (μ) RA: -3018.8 ± 1.1[7] mas/yr
Dec.: -384.1 ± 1.4[7] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 179.2 ± 1.4[7] mas
Distance 18.2 ± 0.1 ly
(5.58 ± 0.04 pc)
Mass 0.029–0.048[4] M
Mass 30–50[4] MJup
Surface gravity (log g) 5.0–5.3[4] cgs
Temperature 725–775[4] K
Metallicity -0.3 ± 0.1 [m/H][4]
Age 3–8[4] Gyr
Other designations
2MASS J11145133-2618235,[1][2]
2MASS 1114-2618,[3]
2MASS 1114-26,[4]
2MASS J1114-2618,[6]
WISE J111448.79−261827.7[8]
Database references

2MASS J11145133-2618235 (designation abbreviated to 2MASS 1114-2618,[3] or 2M1114-26,[2] or 2M1114-2618,[2] or 2MASS 1114-26,[4] or 2MASS J1114-2618[6]) is nearby brown dwarf of spectral class T7.5,[2][3][4][5][6] located in constellation Hydra[note 1] at approximately 18 light-years from Earth.[7]


2MASS 1114-2618 was discovered in 2005 by C. G. Tinney et al. from the 2MASS Wide-Field T Dwarf Search (WFTS), based on observations obtained at the Anglo-Australian Telescope, Siding Spring, Australia. In 2005 Tinney et al. published a paper in The Astronomical Journal, where they presented discovery of five new brown dwarfs of spectral type T, among which also was 2MASS 1114-2618.[2]


Trigonometric parallax of 2MASS 1114-2618, measured in 2012 by Dupuy & Liu under The Hawaii Infrared Parallax Program, is 0.1792 ± 0.0014 arcsec, corresponding to a distance 5.58 ± 0.04 pc, or 18.20 ± 0.14 ly.[7]

Photometric distance estimate of 2MASS 1114-2618, published in its discovery paper in 2005, is 7 pc (22.8 ly).[2] Spectrophotometric distance estimate by Kirkpatrick et al. (2012), is 6.6 pc (21.5 ly).[8]

Proper motion[edit]

2MASS 1114-2618 has quite a large proper motion of 3043.2 mas/yr with position angle 262.75 degrees,[7] indicating motion in south-west direction on the sky. At distance 18.20 ly (assuming parallax 179.2 ± 1.4 mas),[7] corresponding tangential velocity is 80.56 km/s.[7]

See also[edit]

The other four discoveries of brown dwarfs, presented in Tinney et al. (2005):[2]


  1. ^ The nearest known star/brown dwarf in this constellation.


  1. ^ a b c d e "2MASS J11145133-2618235 -- Brown Dwarf (M<0.08solMass)". SIMBAD. Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2012-07-26. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Tinney, C. G.; Burgasser, Adam J.; Kirkpatrick, J. Davy; McElwain, Michael W. (2005). "The 2MASS Wide-Field T Dwarf Search. IV. Hunting Out T Dwarfs with Methane Imaging". The Astronomical Journal. 130 (5): 2326–2346. Bibcode:2005AJ....130.2326T. arXiv:astro-ph/0508150Freely accessible. doi:10.1086/491734. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Burgasser, A. J.; Geballe, T. R.; Leggett, S. K.; Kirkpatrick, J. Davy; Golimowski, David A. (2006). "A Unified Near-Infrared Spectral Classification Scheme for T Dwarfs". The Astrophysical Journal. 637 (2): 1067–1093. Bibcode:2006ApJ...637.1067B. arXiv:astro-ph/0510090Freely accessible. doi:10.1086/498563. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Leggett, S. K.; Marley, M. S.; Freedman, R.; Saumon, D.; Liu, Michael C.; Geballe, T. R.; Golimowski, D. A.; Stephens, D. C. (2007). "Physical and Spectral Characteristics of the T8 and Later Type Dwarfs". The Astrophysical Journal. 667 (1): 537–548. Bibcode:2007ApJ...667..537L. arXiv:0705.2602Freely accessible. doi:10.1086/519948. 
  5. ^ a b c d Leggett, S. K.; Saumon, D.; Marley, M. S.; Lodders, K.; Canty, J.; Lucas, P.; Smart, R. L.; Tinney, C. G.; Homeier, D.; Allard, F.; Burningham, Ben; Day-Jones, A.; Fegley, B.; Ishii, Miki; Jones, H. R. A.; Marocco, F.; Pinfield, D. J.; Tamura, M. (2012). "The Properties of the 500 K Dwarf UGPS J072227.51-054031.2 and a Study of the Far-red Flux of Cold Brown Dwarfs". The Astrophysical Journal. 748 (2): 74. Bibcode:2012ApJ...748...74L. arXiv:1201.2973Freely accessible. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/748/2/74. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Faherty, Jacqueline K.; Burgasser, Adam J.; Walter, Frederick M.; Van der Bliek, Nicole; Shara, Michael M.; Cruz, Kelle L.; West, Andrew A.; Vrba, Frederick J.; Anglada-Escud, Guillem (2012). "The Brown Dwarf Kinematics Project (BDKP). III. Parallaxes for 70 Ultracool Dwarfs". The Astrophysical Journal. 752 (1): 56. Bibcode:2012ApJ...752...56F. arXiv:1203.5543Freely accessible. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/752/1/56. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h Dupuy, Trent J.; Liu, Michael C. (2012). "The Hawaii Infrared Parallax Program. I. Ultracool Binaries and the L/T Transition". The Astrophysical Journal Supplement. 201 (2): 19. Bibcode:2012ApJS..201...19D. arXiv:1201.2465Freely accessible. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/201/2/19. 
  8. ^ a b Kirkpatrick, J. D.; Gelino, C. R.; Cushing, M. C.; Mace, G. N.; Griffith, R. L.; Skrutskie, M. F.; Marsh, K. A.; Wright, E. L.; Eisenhardt, P. R.; McLean, I. S.; Mainzer, A. K.; Burgasser, A. J.; Tinney, C. G.; Parker, S.; Salter, G. (2012). "Further Defining Spectral Type "Y" and Exploring the Low-mass End of the Field Brown Dwarf Mass Function". The Astrophysical Journal. 753 (2): 156. Bibcode:2012ApJ...753..156K. arXiv:1205.2122Freely accessible. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/753/2/156.