|Place of origin||Soviet Union/Russia|
|Used by||see Operators|
|Wars||Second Chechen War|
2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
|No. built||~1,130 (est. 1988–2019, inc. prototypes)|
|Mass||42 tonnes (93,000 lb)|
|Length||7.15 m (23 ft 5 in)|
|Width||3.38 m (11 ft 1 in)|
|Height||2.99 m (9 ft 10 in)|
|Elevation||−4° to +68°|
|Rate of fire||2S19: 6–8 rounds per minute 2S19M2: 10 rounds per minute|
|Maximum firing range||Standard round: 24.7 km (15.3 mi)|
Base bleed: 29 km (18 mi)
RAP: 36 km (22 mi)
|Armor||15 mm all-around|
|152mm 2A64 L47-caliber howitzer|
|12.7 mm NSVT anti-aircraft machine gun|
840 hp (630 kW)
|500 km (310 mi)|
|Maximum speed||60 km/h (37 mph)|
The 2S19 Msta (Russian: Мста, after the Msta River) is a 152.4 mm self-propelled howitzer designed by the Soviet Union, which entered service in 1989 as the successor to the 2S3 Akatsiya. The vehicle has the running gear of the T-80, but is powered by the T-72's diesel engine.
The Msta is a howitzer designed for deployment either as an unarmored towed gun, or to be fitted in armored self-propelled artillery mountings. Current[when?] production of the towed model is designated Msta-B, while the self-propelled model is the Msta-S (also known by the GRAU index 2S19).
Development of the 2S19 started in 1980 under the project name Ferma. The prototype was known as Ob'yekt 316. The 2S19's standard equipment consists of a semi-automatic laying system 1P22, an automatic loader, an NBC protection system, passive night vision device for the driver, a vehicle snorkel, a dozer blade, a smoke generator and 81mm smoke launchers, 1V116 intercom system and a 16 kW generator AP-18D. In 2008 the Russian armed forces ordered an improved model with an automated fire control system.
Msta-S howitzers were used by the Russian Army to deliver artillery strikes against Chechen separatists during the Second Chechen War.
Msta-S howitzers have been used in the Russo-Ukrainian War by the pro-Russian separatists who captured one machine during the conflict.
Both Msta-B and Msta-S used by the Ukrainian Army in Battle of Bakhmut.
- Azerbaijan – 18
- Belarus – 12
- Ethiopia – 10
- Georgia – 1
- Morocco – Received an undisclosed number of Msta-S.
- Russia – Approximately 760 in service (including over 260 2S19M1 and over 210 2S19M2) and 270 more stored as of 2020. More Msta-SM2s are being delivered.
- Ukraine – 40, plus at least 34 2S19 Msta-S and 16 2S33 Msta-SM2 captured from Russia.
- Venezuela – 48
Russia recently offered its Msta-S 152 mm Howitzer to foreign countries, particularly in the Middle East. A demonstration was organised in 2020 by Rosoboronexport, the country's nodal agency for arms export, for representatives from various Middle Eastern countries.
Msta-S specifications provided by manufacturer
- 24.7 km (15.3 mi) standard round
- 28.9 km (18 mi) base-bleed
- 36 km (22 mi) rocket-assisted
- Rate of fire: 6–8 rounds per minute
- Weapon elevation: −4° to +68°
- Weapon traverse: 360°
- Deployment time: 22 minutes
- Unit of fire: 50 rounds
- 152 mm howitzer 2A65 – a towed version of the same gun.
- 1K17 Szhatie – a "laser tank" armed with a battery of lasers meant to disable optoelectronic systems; based on the Msta-S.
- 2S19M1 (unveiled in 2000, first deliveries in 2007) – Improved fire-control system and added GLONASS antenna. Modernised V-84AMS engine.
- 2S19M2 or 2S33 "Msta-SM2" (2013) – Improved version currently in production equipped with a new automatic fire control system which increases the rate of fire to 10 rounds per minute. Digital electronic maps are now available which significantly speeds up the terrain orientation in difficult geographical conditions and allows performing faster and more efficiently firing missions. The 2S33 MSTA-SM2 howitzer is fitted with a new 2A79 152 mm/L60 ordnance that has improved ballistics. It can fire ammunition with more propellant charges and with a higher breech pressure than the original 2S19 Msta-S. The gun is longer and has a heavier barrel. As a result it has a greater range of fire. Maximum range of fire with standard HE-FRAG shells is 30 km and 40 km with rocket-assisted shells. Russians say that its range is up to 80 km.
- 2S19M1-155 (2006) – 155 mm export version of the 2S19M1, fitted with an L/52 gun with a range of more than 40 km. Modernized in 2020. A modernized version for hot climates has been tested in India as of August 2022.
- 2S21 "Msta-K" – Wheeled variant, based on an eight-wheel truck chassis. It used the 2A67 gun, a variant of the 2A65 modified for use from wheeled platforms. There were several different prototypes, including one based on the Ural-5323 and one on the KrAZ-6316. The project was abandoned in 1987.
- 2S19M (also known as 2S30 "Iset" and 2S33 "Msta-SM") – Project for a version with improved range and rate of fire, easier maintenance and optimised manufacturing process. Started between the 1990s and the early 2000s, but quickly abandoned in favor of the 2S35 Koalitsiya-SV.
- 2S35 "Koalitsiya-SV" – Project for a new artillery system for the Russian land forces (SV stands for "sukhoputniye voyska"). Early prototypes consisted of a 2S19 chassis with modified turret, fitted with an over-and-under dual autoloaded 152 mm howitzer. Development of this variant was abandoned in favour of an entirely new artillery system using the same designation.
- 2S3 Akatsiya
- 2S35 Koalitsiya-SV
- AHS Krab
- AMX-30 AuF1
- K-9 Thunder
- Panzerhaubitze 2000
- T-155 Fırtına
- Type 99 155 mm self-propelled howitzer
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- ^ "Nuevo lote de obuses autopropulsados 2s19 MSTA-S de 152 mm arribó a Venezuela – maquina-de-combate.com". Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- ^ "Msta-S 155 mm Howitzer: Russia offers new self propelled artillery gun". Defence Star. 25 March 2020.
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- Media related to 2S19 Msta-S at Wikimedia Commons
- 2S19 152-mm Self-Propelled Howitzer
- 152-mm Self-propelled Howitzer 2S19 "MSTA-S"
- Arms Systems Page