2S19 Msta

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2S19 Msta
2S19 Msta-S of the Ukrainian Army.jpg
2S19 Msta-S of the Ukrainian Army
Type Self-propelled artillery
Place of origin Soviet Union/Russia
Service history
In service 1989 – present
Used by see Operators
Wars Second Chechen War
War in Donbass
Production history
Designer Uraltransmash
Designed 1980
Manufacturer Uraltransmash
Produced 1988
Specifications
Weight 42 tonnes (92,593 lbs)
Length 7.15 m (23 ft 5 in)
Width 3.38 m (11 ft 1 in)
Height 2.99 m (9 ft 10 in)
Crew 5

Elevation -4° to +68°
Traverse 360°
Rate of fire 6-8 rounds per minute
Maximum firing range Base bleed: 29km (18 mi)
RAP: 36 km (22 mi)

Armor Classified
Main
armament
152 mm howitzer 2A65
Secondary
armament
12.7 mm NSVT anti-aircraft machine gun
Engine Diesel V-84A
840 hp (626.39 kW)
Power/weight 20 hp/tonne
Suspension Torsion bar
Operational
range
500 km (311 mi)
Speed 60 km/h (37 mph)
Msta-S - TankBiathlon2013-26.jpg

The 2S19 "Msta-S" (Russian: Мста, after the Msta River) is a self-propelled 152 mm howitzer designed by Russia/Soviet Union, which entered service in 1989 as the successor to the SO-152. The vehicle is based on the T-80 tank hull, but is powered by the T-72's diesel engine.

Development[edit]

The Msta is a modern howitzer designed for deployment either as an unarmored towed gun, or to be fitted in armored self-propelled artillery mountings. Current production of the towed model is designated Msta-B, while the self-propelled model is the Msta-S (also known by the GRAU index 2S19).

Development of the 2S19 started in 1980 under the project name Ferma. The prototype was known as Ob'yekt 317. The 2S19's standard equipment consists of a semi-automatic laying system 1P22, an automatic loader, an NBC protection system, passive night vision device for the driver, a wading kit, a dozer blade, a smoke generator and 81mm smoke launchers, 1V116 intercom system and a 16 kW generator AP-18D. In 2008 the Russian armed forces ordered an improved model with an automated fire control system.

The 2A64 ordnance of the 2S19 can fire the following types of ammunition, among others: HE (24.7 km), HEAT-FS, HE-BB (28.9 km), HERA (36 km), smoke, chemical, tactical nuclear, illumination and cargo (ICM).[original research?] The laser-guided round “Krasnopol” (of the 9K25 system) can also be launched, as well as the shorter "Krasnopol-M” which fits into the automatic loader.

Operational Use[edit]

Msta-S howitzers were used by Russian Army to deliver artillery strikes against Chechen separatists during the Second Chechen War.[1]

Msta-S howitzers have also been used in the War in Donbass by the Ukrainian Army as well as pro-Russian rebels who captured one machine during the conflict.[2]

Operators[edit]

Map of 2S19 operators in blue with former operators in red

Current operators[edit]

Former operators[edit]

Specifications[edit]

Msta-S specifications provided by manufacturer

  • Range:
    • 29 km (18 mi) base-bleed
    • 36 km (22 mi) rocket-assisted
  • Rate of fire: 6-8 rounds per minute
  • Weapon elevation: -4° to +68°
  • Weapon traverse: 360°
  • Deployment time: 22 minutes
  • Unit of fire: 50 rounds

Variants[edit]

  • 152 mm howitzer 2A65 - a towed version of the same gun.
  • 1K17 Szhatie - a "laser tank" armed with a battery of lasers meant to disable optoelectronic systems; uses Msta-S chassis and turret.
  • 2S19M1 (2000) - Improved version with automatic laying system and Glonass.
  • 2S19M2 (2013) - Improved version equipped with a new automatic fire control system which increases the rate of fire. Digital electronic maps are now available which significantly speeds up the terrain orientation in difficult geographical conditions and allows performing faster and more efficiently firing missions.
  • 2S19M1-155 (2006) - 155mm export version of the 2S19M1, fitted with an L/52 gun with a range of 40+ km.
  • 2S27 "Msta-K" - Wheeled variant (K = kolyosnij), based on a 8x8 truck chassis. There were several different prototypes, including one based on a KrAZ-ChR-3130 and two based on the Ural-5323 (with and without turret).
  • 2S30 "Iset" - Improved version, prototype only.
  • 2S33 "Msta-SM" - Improved version. No details available.

Similar Vehicles[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pashin, Alexander. "Russian Army Operations and Weaponry During Second Military Campaign in Chechnya". Moscow Defense Review. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  2. ^ Ferguson, Jonathan; Jenzen-Jones, N.R. (2014). "Raising Red Flags: An Examination of Arms & Munitions in the Ongoing Conflict in Ukraine. (Research Report No. 3)" (PDF). ARES. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  3. ^ ВЕДОМОСТИ - Россия вооружает Азербайджан Archived 18 June 2013 at WebCite
  4. ^ John Pike. "Belarus Army Equipment". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  5. ^ "SIPRI Arms Transfers Database". sipri.org. Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Retrieved 2013-03-23. 
  6. ^ "Georgia Georgian army land ground armed forces military equipment armoured armored vehicle UK - Army Recognition". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  7. ^ "Lenta.ru: Наука и техника: Военные в Чечне получили новые самоходные гаубицы". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  8. ^ "TASS: Russia - Russia’s annual arms supply plans 30-70% fulfilled — defense official". TASS. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  9. ^ John Pike. "Russian Army Equipment". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  10. ^ "Firsts modernized self-propelled artillery howitzer 2S19M2 enter in service with the Russian army". June 28, 2013. 
  11. ^ John Pike. "Ground Forces Equipment - Ukraine". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  12. ^ "Nuevo lote de obuses autopropulsados 2s19 MSTA-S de 152mm arribó a Venezuela - maquina-de-combate.com". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  13. ^ Recently, Russia has delivered to Morocco a batch of Msta-S self-propelled howitzers, he said. Russia might offer non-nuclear submarine to Morocco | U.S. News Las Vegas
  14. ^ Russia has delivered to Morocco a batch of Msta-S self-propelled howitzers ITAR-TASS: Russia - Russia might offer non-nuclear submarine to Morocco

External links[edit]