152-mm self-propelled howitzer 2S5 Giatsint-S in Saint-Petersburg Artillery museum
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|In service||1978 – present|
|Designed||1967 – 1974|
|Produced||1976 – 1991|
|Weight||28.2 tons (61,729 lbs)|
|Length||8.33 m (27.32 ft)|
|Width||3.25 m (10.66 ft)|
|Height||2.76 m (9 ft)|
|Crew||5 (section of 7 with 2 in ammunition carrier)|
|Armor||15 mm (.59 in)|
|2A36 152 mm gun (5.98 in)|
|1x 7.62 mm machine gun|
388 kW (520 hp)
|500 km (311 mi)|
|Speed||62 km/h (38 mph)
25 km/h (15 mph)
The 2S5 Giatsint-S (Russian: 2С5 «Гиацинт-С»; English: hyacinth) is a Soviet/Russian 152 mm self-propelled gun. "2S5" is its GRAU designation. It is NBC protected. The 2S5 is capable of engaging targets at longer ranger and at a higher rate of fire than the more widely produced 2S3 Akatsiya 152mm self-propelled gun, and is capable of firing nuclear projectiles.
Production of the 2S5 Giatsint-S started in 1976 along with the towed version the 2A36 Giatsint-B. It uses a chassis modified from the SA-4 Krug surface-to-air missile system with good cross-country mobility, and can carry 30 152mm rounds with a range of 28 kilometers, or 33-40 kilometers for rocket-assisted projectiles. In addition to high explosives, the gun can also fire HEAT, cluster, smoke and nuclear projectiles. Deploying to fire the gun takes 3 minutes, and it can sustain a rate of fire of 5 to 6 rounds per minute. Most of the crew, with the exception of the gunner, deploys outside of the vehicle while firing. It is usually accompanied by an ammunition carrier with an additional 30 rounds of ammunition.
The 2S5 was introduced into service in 1978, replacing the 130mm M46 field gun battalions in Soviet artillery brigades at the Army and Front level, and has also been known as the M1981 by the United States. Production ceased in 1991.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 2S5 Giatsint-S.|
- "2S5 Giantsint". Military-Today. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
- "2S5 152mm Self-Propelled Gun". FAS.org. Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
- "2S5 Giacint-S in Ukraine ATO". For the Record. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
- Belarus Army Equipment
- Ground Forces Equipment - Ukraine
- (Russian) 2S5 Giatsint-S description at the website of its manufacturer - scroll down the page