2S9 Nona

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
2S9 Nona
2S9 Nona in Saint-Petersburg.jpg
2S9 in Saint-Petersburg Artillery museum
TypeSelf-propelled air-droppable mortar
Place of originSoviet Union
Service history
In service1981 – present
Used bysee Operators
WarsSyrian Civil War
War in Donbass
Production history
DesignerTSNIITOCHMASH
Designed1974-1980
ManufacturerMotovilikha Plants
Produced1979 – 1989
Specifications
Weight8.7 tonnes
Length6.02 m
Barrel lengthapprox. 1.8 m [1]
Width2.63 m
Height2.3 m
Crew4

Caliber120 mm
Elevation-4 to +80 degrees
Traverse70 degrees
Rate of fire10 rpm, max;
4 rpm, sustained
Effective firing range8.8 km (conventional);
12.8 km (extended)

Armor15 mm max
Main
armament
120 mm 2A60 mortar
Secondary
armament
7.62 mm machine gun
Engine5D20 Diesel
240 hp
Power/weight27.1 hp/tonne
Payload capacity40-60 rounds
Suspensiontorsion
Ground clearance450 mm
Fuel capacity400 liters
Operational
range
500 km
Speed60 km/h (road);
9 km/h (water)

The 2S9 NONA (Новейшее Орудие Наземной Артилерии - Newest Ordnance of Ground Artillery) is an extremely light-weight self-propelled and air-droppable 120 mm gun-mortar designed in the Soviet Union that entered service in 1981. The 2S9 chassis is designated the S-120 and based on the aluminium hull of the BTR-D airborne multi-purpose tracked armoured personnel carrier. More generally, the 120 mm mortar is referred to as the Nona, with the 2S9 also known as the Nona-S. A BTR-80 based version is the 2S23 or Nona-SVK and the towed 2B16 version is named the Nona-K. Although no figures have been released, it is estimated that well over 1,000 2S9 were built.[2]

Description[edit]

The 2S9 Nona-S is an amphibious vehicle that can be propelled through the water by two rear water-jets. It is operated by a four-man crew comprising a commander, a driver/mechanic, a gunner, and a loader. The hull interior is separated into a command compartment, a fighting compartment and an engine compartment. A welded steel turret is located at the middle of the hull. The two-man turret has hatches for the gunner and loader respectively.

The 2S9 utilizes a 120 mm 2A51 (later 2A60) mortar with a 1.8-meter-long barrel. It is breech-loaded and capable of firing HE (high explosive), white phosphorus and smoke rounds.[3][1]

Current Operators[edit]

External links[edit]

  • "2S9 Anona (Anemone)- 120mm SPH/Mortar". GlobalSecurity.org. Archived from the original on 12 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-10.
  • Walkaround 2S9 Nona from Kremenchug
2S9 Operators
Map of 2S9 operators in blue with former operators in red
Nona-K
2B16 Nona-K
Nona-SVK
Nona-SVK

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Marat Kenzhetaev (1998). "Self Propelled Artillery and Mortars". www.armscontrol.ru. MIPT Center for Arms Control, Energy and Environmental Studies. Archived from the original on 10 January 2010. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
  2. ^ Jane's Armour and Artillery 1997-98 ISBN 0-7106-1542-6[page needed]
  3. ^ "The Russian BMD-1 Infantry Fighting Vehicle - TankNutDave.com".
  4. ^ The Military Balance 2016. — P. 195.
  5. ^ "Истёк срок регистрации доменаwarfare.be". Warfare.be. Retrieved 2017-03-20.
  6. ^ Small Arms Survey (2012). "Blue Skies and Dark Clouds: Kazakhstan and Small Arms" (PDF). Small Arms Survey 2012: Moving Targets. Cambridge University Press. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-521-19714-4.
  7. ^ "Syria Rearms". Retrieved 2017-06-15.
  8. ^ Ferguson, Jonathan; Jenzen-Jones, N.R. (November 2014). Raising Red Flags: An Examination of Arms & Munitions in the Ongoing Conflict in Ukraine, 2014. Research Report 3. Armament Research Services. pp. 50, 70. ISBN 978-0-9924624-3-7.
  9. ^ "Trade Registers". Armstrade.sipri.org. Retrieved 2017-03-20.