2S9 in Saint-Petersburg Artillery museum
|Type||Self-propelled air-droppable artillery|
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|In service||1981 – present|
|Used by||see Operators|
|Produced||1979 – 1989|
|Barrel length||approx. 1.8 m |
|Elevation||-4 to +80 degrees|
|Rate of fire||10 rpm, max;
4 rpm, sustained
|Effective firing range||8.8 km (conventional);
12.8 km (extended)
|Armor||15 mm max|
|120 mm 2A60 mortar|
|7.62 mm machine gun|
|Payload capacity||40-60 rounds|
|Ground clearance||450 mm|
|Fuel capacity||400 liters|
|Speed||60 km/h (road);
9 km/h (water)
The 2S9 NONA (Новейшее Орудие Наземной Артилерии - Newest Ordnance of Ground Artillery) is an extremely light-weight self-propelled and air-droppable 120 mm mortar designed in the Soviet Union that entered service in 1981. The 2S9 chassis is designated the S-120 and based on the aluminium hull of the BTR-D airborne multi-purpose tracked armoured personnel carrier. More generally, the 120 mm mortar is referred to as the Nona, with the 2S9 also known as the Nona-S; a BTR-80 based version is the 2S23 or Nona-SVK, and the towed 2B16 anti-tank gun version is named the Nona-K. Although no figures have been released, it is estimated that well over 1,000 2S9 were built.
The 2S9 Nona-S is an amphibious vehicle that can be propelled through the water by two rear water-jets. It is operated by a four-man crew comprising a commander, a driver/mechanic, a gunner, and a loader. The hull interior is separated into a command compartment, a fighting compartment and an engine compartment. A welded steel turret is located at the middle of the hull. The two-man turret has hatches for the gunner and loader respectively.
Figures (other than Russia) if not otherwise referenced are from Jane's Armour and Artillery
- Azerbaijan - 18
- Belarus - 54
- Kazakhstan - 26
- Moldova - 9
- Russia - >750 (2016) / 278 Nona-S, and 50 Nona-SVK, a variant based on the BTR-80
- Turkmenistan - 12
- Ukraine - 64
- Uzbekistan - 60
- Venezuela - 18 Nona SVK, ordered 2009, delivered 2011-2012.
- Afghanistan - Currently only using rebuilt and third party manufactured D-30
- Soviet Union - Passed on to successor states.
- Marat Kenzhetaev (1998). "Self Propelled Artillery and Mortars". www.armscontrol.ru. MIPT Center for Arms Control, Energy and Environmental Studies. Retrieved 2010-05-03.
- Jane's Armour and Artillery 1997-98 ISBN 0-7106-1542-6[page needed]
- The Military Balance 2016. — P. 195.
- "Истёк срок регистрации доменаwarfare.be". Warfare.be. Retrieved 2017-03-20.
- "Trade Registers". Armstrade.sipri.org. Retrieved 2017-03-20.
- "2S9 Anona (Anemone)- 120mm SPH/Mortar". GlobalSecurity.org. Archived from the original on 12 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-10.
- Walkaround 2S9 Nona from Kremenchug
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 2S9 Nona.|