2S9 in Saint-Petersburg Artillery museum
|Type||Self-propelled air-droppable mortar|
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|In service||1981 – present|
|Used by||see Operators|
|Wars||Syrian Civil War|
War in Donbass
|Produced||1979 – 1989|
|Barrel length||approx. 1.8 m |
|Elevation||-4 to +80 degrees|
|Rate of fire||10 rpm, max;|
4 rpm, sustained
|Effective firing range||8.8 km (conventional);|
12.8 km (extended)
|Armor||15 mm max|
|120 mm 2A60 mortar|
|7.62 mm machine gun|
|Payload capacity||40-60 rounds|
|Ground clearance||450 mm|
|Fuel capacity||400 liters|
|Maximum speed||60 km/h (road);|
9 km/h (water)
The 2S9 NONA (Новейшее Орудие Наземной Артилерии - Newest Ordnance of Ground Artillery) is an extremely light-weight self-propelled and air-droppable 120 mm gun-mortar designed in the Soviet Union, which entered service in 1981. The 2S9 chassis is designated the S-120 and based on the aluminium hull of the BTR-D airborne multi-purpose tracked armoured personnel carrier. More generally, the 120 mm mortar is referred to as the Nona, with the 2S9 also known as the Nona-S. Although no figures have been released, it is estimated that well over 1,000 2S9 were built.
The 2S9 Nona-S is an amphibious vehicle that can be propelled through the water by two rear water-jets. It is operated by a four-man crew comprising a commander, a driver/mechanic, a gunner, and a loader. The hull interior is separated into a command compartment, a fighting compartment and an engine compartment. A welded steel turret is located at the middle of the hull. The two-man turret has hatches for the gunner and loader respectively.
The 2S9 utilizes a 120 mm 2A51 (later 2A60) mortar with a 1.8-meter-long barrel. It is breech-loaded and capable of firing HE (high explosive), white phosphorus and smoke rounds, as well as laser-guided munitions like KM-8 Gran.
Variants of the 120mm Nona mortar:
- 2S23 Nona-SVK – A BTR-80 based version.
- 2B16 Nona-K – A towed version.
- Azerbaijan: 18 2S9
- Belarus: 48 2S9
- Kazakhstan: 25 2S9
- Kyrgyzstan: 12 2S9
- Moldova: 9 2S9
- Russia: more than 780 (including 500 in store) 2S9 Nona-S, 42 2S23 Nona-SVK and 124 2B16 Nona-K
- Syria - Quantity unknown 
- Turkmenistan: 203 2S9
- Ukraine: 2 2B16 and 40 2S9. 2S9 and 2B16 versions have used by both sides during War in Donbass
- Uzbekistan: 54 2S9
- Venezuela - 18 Nona SVK, ordered 2009, delivered 2011-2012. 13 in service as of 2016[update].
- "2S9 Anona (Anemone)- 120mm SPH/Mortar". GlobalSecurity.org. Archived from the original on 12 June 2008. Retrieved 10 May 2008.
- Walkaround 2S9 Nona from Kremenchug
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 2S9 Nona.|
- 2S31 Vena tracked 120mm mortar system (2A80)
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