2 (New York City Subway service)
|Seventh Avenue Express|
Note: Dashed pink line shows limited rush hour service to/from New Lots Avenue
|Northern end||Wakefield–241st Street|
|Southern end||Flatbush Avenue or New Lots Avenue (limited rush hour service)|
71 (including limited rush hour service to New Lots Avenue)
|Rolling stock||340 R142s (34 trains)|
|Depot||239th Street Yard|
The 2 Seventh Avenue Express is a rapid transit service in the A Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored tomato red since it uses the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line through most of Manhattan. The 2 operates at all times between 241st Street in Wakefield, Bronx and Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College in Flatbush, Brooklyn, making all stops in the Bronx and Brooklyn. Daytime 2 service runs express in Manhattan; late night service operates local. The service operates via White Plains Road in the Bronx, Lenox Avenue and Seventh Avenue in Manhattan and Eastern Parkway and Nostrand Avenue in Brooklyn. Limited rush hour service also operates between the Bronx and New Lots Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn due to capacity issues at Flatbush Avenue.
The first section of what became the current 2 entered service on November 26, 1904 from the temporary 180th Street–Bronx Park terminal via the West Farms El to 149th Street–3rd Avenue. On July 10, 1905, the connection between the IRT Lenox Avenue Line and IRT White Plains Road Line (which was previously served by the Third Avenue El) opened, allowing subway service from Manhattan to the Bronx.
On January 9, 1908, the Joralemon Street Tunnel opened, connecting the current IRT Lexington Avenue Line to Brooklyn. At this time, trains ran from East 180th Street to Borough Hall. On May 1, 1908, trains were extended to Nevins Street and Atlantic Avenue.
On March 3, 1917, the IRT White Plains Road Line was extended to 219th Street. On March 31, 1917, the IRT White Plains Road Line was extended to 238th Street–Nereid Avenue, and to Wakefield–241st Street on December 13, 1920. On August 1, 1918, the entire IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line was completed. On April 15, 1919, the Clark Street Tunnel, connecting the line to Brooklyn, opened as well.
Beginning on December 19, 1919, trains ran to South Ferry with some rush hour trains to Atlantic Avenue. In 1923, during rush hours, 2 trains alternated between South Ferry and Utica Avenue. Beginning December 1, 1924, 2 trains that ended at South Ferry were extended to New Lots Avenue.
As of 1934, 2 trains ran from 180th Street-Bronx Park to Flatbush Avenue weekdays and Saturday during daytime and to South Ferry evenings and Sundays, express in Manhattan. Late-night service was from 241st St to South Ferry, making all stops. There were occasional lay-up/put-ins from New Lots. Four weekday evening trains turned at Atlantic. On September 5, 1937, some evening rush hour trains started running to Flatbush Avenue.
As of July 1, 1938, weekday and Saturday evening service was extended to Flatbush Avenue from South Ferry.
Sunday service was extended to Flatbush Avenue on March 5, 1950.
Beginning on December 26, 1950, alternate weekday rush trains were extended to 241st Street in the peak direction, but PM rush service to 241st Street was discontinued on June 26, 1952. Beginning on August 4, 1952, the 180th Street - Bronx Park station was closed, with trains rerouted to East 180th Street. Morning rush hour service to 241st Street, on October 2, 1953, was cut back to Gun Hill Road.
On March 19, 1954, weekend service was rerouted to New Lots Avenue at all times except late nights. On May 4, 1957, a track connection to the IRT Dyre Avenue Line was completed and daytime 2 trains were rerouted to Dyre Avenue. Evening service remained a shuttle between Dyre Avenue to East 180th Street, and morning rush service from Gun Hill Road was discontinued. On December 20, 1957, weekday trains were rerouted to New Lots Avenue at all times except late nights. On June 26, 1958, late night service began between Dyre Avenue and East 180th Street. Beginning on December 12, 1958, late night service was extended to Flatbush Avenue, and the 2 began running express at all times. Beginning February 6, 1959, trains ran between Wakefield–241st Street and Flatbush Avenue at all times except late nights, when they ran between East 180th Street and New Lots Avenue.
Beginning on April 8, 1960, daytime service was rerouted from Dyre Avenue to 241st Street, and service in Brooklyn was rerouted from New Lots Avenue to Flatbush Avenue. At the same time, late night service was rerouted from Flatbush Avenue to New Lots Avenue. Beginning on April 16, 1965, evening service was extended from East 180th Street to 241st Street, and in addition daytime service was rerouted from Flatbush Avenue to New Lots Avenue.
On July 10, 1983, the 2 and 3 services swapped Brooklyn terminals. Trains began running between Wakefield–241st Street and Flatbush Avenue at all times, making local stops in Bronx and Brooklyn and express stops in Manhattan. This move enabled the 3's equipment to be inspected and maintained at the Livonia Shop, as the 3 service's equipment were assigned to Livonia Yard.
From March 2 to October 12, 1998, the IRT Lenox Avenue Line was rehabilitated. On weekdays, 2 trains ran via the IRT Lexington Avenue Line between 149th Street–Grand Concourse and Nevins Street uptown from 5:00 a.m. to midnight and downtown from midnight to 5:00 a.m. Beginning on October 3, 1999, late-night express service in Manhattan was discontinued, with the 2 making all stops.
The following table shows the lines used by the 2, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:
|IRT White Plains Road Line (full line)||Wakefield–241st Street||149th Street–Grand Concourse||local|
|IRT Lenox Avenue Line||135th Street||Central Park North–110th Street||all|
|IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line||96th Street||Chambers Street||express|
|IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line,
|Park Place||Borough Hall||all|
|IRT Eastern Parkway Line||Hoyt Street||Franklin Avenue||local|
|IRT Nostrand Avenue Line (full line)||President Street||Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College||all|
|IRT Eastern Parkway Line||Nostrand Avenue||Crown Heights–Utica Avenue||local|
|IRT New Lots Line (full line)||Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road||New Lots Avenue||all|
For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops late nights only|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops daily except rush hours in the peak direction|
|Stops rush hours only|
|Stops weekdays in the peak direction only|
|Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only|
|Time period details|
- "Line by Line History: White Plains-7th Av. Express". erictb.info.
- "DISCUSS SUBWAY SIGNS IN 18TH ST. STATION; Engineer Parsons and Mr. Hedley Inspect Advertising Scheme. BRONX VIADUCT WORKS WELL Delays There Only Those of Newness -Lenox Avenue Service Makes Fuss Below Ninety-sixth Street.". Retrieved 2016-09-04.
- Kahn, Alan Paul (1973-01-01). Tracks of New York /. New York : Electric Railroaders' Association.
- "SUBWAY TRAINS RUNNING FROM BRONX TO BATTERY; West Farms and South Ferry Stations Open at Midnight. START WITHOUT A HITCH Bowling Green Station Also Opened -- Lenox Avenue Locals Take City Hall Loop Hereafter.". Retrieved 2016-09-04.
- "Annual report. 1916-1917.". HathiTrust. Interborough Rapid Transit Company. 2013-12-12. Retrieved 2016-09-05.
- "WHITE PLAINS ROAD EXTENSION OF SUBWAY OPENED TO THE PUBLIC; New Branch, Which Runs from 177th to 219th Street, Gives the Williamsbridge and Wakefield Sections of the East Bronx Rapid Transit for the First Time". The New York Times. March 4, 1917.
- "New Subway Line Opened: White Plains Extension is Now Running to 238th Street". New York Times. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
- "Subway Line Extended: White Plains Avenue Branch Opens to 241st Street Tomorrow". New York Times. December 12, 1920. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
- "THE SEVENTH AND LEXINGTON AVENUE SUBWAYS WILL REVIVE DORMANT SECTIONS; Change in Operation That Will Transform Original Four-Tracked Subway Into Two Four-Tracked Systems and Double Present Capacity of the Interborough. Change in Operation. Will Revive Dead Sections. Assessed Valuation. Inadequate Terminal Facilities. West Side Development. Residential Possibilities. Comparative Assessed Values.". Retrieved 2016-08-26.
- "New Subway Service Between Brooklyn and Manhattan Boroughs". The New York Times. April 13, 1919. Retrieved 2009-09-05.
- "IRT Brooklyn Line Opened 90 Years Ago". New York Division Bulletin. New York Division, Electric Railroaders' Association. 53 (9). September 2010. Retrieved August 31, 2016 – via Issu.
- Christian, Nichole M. (1998-03-03). "Subway Line Repairs Start With Confusion". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-09-23.
- "About NYC Transit - History". 2002-10-19. Archived from the original on 2002-10-19. Retrieved 2016-09-18.
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