2 (New York City Subway service)
The 2 Seventh Avenue Express is a rapid transit service in the A Division of the New York City Subway. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored red since it uses the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line through most of Manhattan.
The 2 operates at all times between 241st Street in Wakefield, Bronx and Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College in Flatbush, Brooklyn; limited rush hour service originates and terminates at New Lots Avenue in East New York, Brooklyn instead of Flatbush Avenue. Daytime service makes local stops in the Bronx and Brooklyn and express in Manhattan; late night service makes local stops along the entire route.
Historically, 2 trains have also run to Crown Heights–Utica Avenue or New Lots Avenue. They ran exclusively on the IRT New Lots Line until 1983, when the 2 was routed to Flatbush Avenue. This is still the case with some rush-hour trains, although they now run to New Lots Avenue only.
The first section of what became the current 2 entered service on November 26, 1904, from the temporary 180th Street–Bronx Park terminal via the West Farms El to 149th Street–3rd Avenue. On July 10, 1905, the connection between the IRT Lenox Avenue Line and IRT White Plains Road Line (which was previously served by the Third Avenue El) opened, allowing subway service from Manhattan to the Bronx.
On January 9, 1908, the Joralemon Street Tunnel opened, connecting the current IRT Lexington Avenue Line to Brooklyn. At this time, trains ran from East 180th Street to Borough Hall. On May 1, 1908, trains were extended to Nevins Street and Atlantic Avenue.
On March 3, 1917, the IRT White Plains Road Line was extended to 219th Street. On March 31, 1917, the IRT White Plains Road Line was extended to 238th Street–Nereid Avenue, and to Wakefield–241st Street on December 13, 1920. On August 1, 1918, the entire IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line was completed. On April 15, 1919, the Clark Street Tunnel, connecting the line to Brooklyn, opened as well.
Beginning on December 19, 1919, trains ran to South Ferry with some rush hour trains to Atlantic Avenue. In 1923, during rush hours, 2 trains alternated between South Ferry and Utica Avenue. Beginning December 1, 1924, 2 trains that had ended at South Ferry were extended to New Lots Avenue.
As of 1934, 2 trains ran from 180th Street-Bronx Park to Flatbush Avenue weekdays and Saturday during daytime and to South Ferry evenings and Sundays, express in Manhattan. Late-night service was from 241st St to South Ferry, making all stops. There were occasional lay-up/put-ins from New Lots. Four weekday evening trains turned at Atlantic. On September 5, 1937, some evening rush hour trains started running to Flatbush Avenue.
As of July 1, 1938, weekday and Saturday evening service was extended to Flatbush Avenue from South Ferry.
Sunday service was extended to Flatbush Avenue on March 5, 1950.
Beginning on December 26, 1950, alternate weekday rush trains were extended to 241st Street in the peak direction, but PM rush service to 241st Street was discontinued on June 26, 1952. Beginning on August 4, 1952, the 180th Street - Bronx Park station was closed, with trains rerouted to East 180th Street. Morning rush hour service to 241st Street, on October 2, 1953, was cut back to Gun Hill Road.
On March 19, 1954, weekend service was rerouted to New Lots Avenue at all times except late nights. On May 4, 1957, a track connection to the IRT Dyre Avenue Line was completed and daytime 2 trains were rerouted to Dyre Avenue. Evening service remained a shuttle between Dyre Avenue and East 180th Street, and morning rush service from Gun Hill Road was discontinued. On December 20, 1957, weekday trains were rerouted to New Lots Avenue at all times except late nights. On June 26, 1958, late night service began between Dyre Avenue and East 180th Street. Beginning on December 12, 1958, late night service was extended to Flatbush Avenue, and the 2 began running express at all times. Beginning February 6, 1959, trains ran between Wakefield–241st Street and Flatbush Avenue at all times except late nights, when they ran between East 180th Street and New Lots Avenue.
Beginning on April 8, 1960, daytime service was rerouted from Dyre Avenue to 241st Street, and service in Brooklyn was rerouted from New Lots Avenue to Flatbush Avenue. At the same time, late night service was rerouted from Flatbush Avenue to New Lots Avenue.
Beginning on April 18, 1965, evening service was extended from East 180th Street to 241st Street, and in addition daytime service was rerouted from Flatbush Avenue to New Lots Avenue.
On July 10, 1983, the 2 and 3 services swapped Brooklyn terminals. Trains began running between Wakefield–241st Street and Flatbush Avenue at all times, making local stops in Bronx and Brooklyn and express stops in Manhattan. This move enabled the 3's equipment to be inspected and maintained at the Livonia Shop, as the 3 service's equipment were assigned to Livonia Yard.
From March 2 to October 12, 1998, the IRT Lenox Avenue Line was rehabilitated. On weekdays, 2 trains ran via the IRT Lexington Avenue Line between 149th Street–Grand Concourse and Nevins Street uptown from 5:00 a.m. to midnight and downtown from midnight to 5:00 a.m. On October 3, 1999, the 2 began running local in Manhattan during late night hours.
After September 11, 2001, due to the need to reroute #1 trains south of Chambers Street to Brooklyn while repairs were made to the line at Cortlandt Street, 2 trains became local in Manhattan at all times (so they would not be delayed behind 3 trains terminating at 14th Street). Daytime express service resumed on September 15, 2002.
As a result of planned repairs to Hurricane Sandy-related damage on the Clark Street Tube, on weekends between June 17, 2017 and June 24, 2018, the 2 operated between Eastchester–Dyre Avenue in the Bronx and South Ferry in Lower Manhattan, with 5 trains replacing it in Brooklyn and in the Bronx north of East 180th Street.
The following table shows the lines used by the 2, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:
|all ex. nights||late nights||rush peak|
|IRT White Plains Road Line (full line)||Wakefield–241st Street||149th Street–Grand Concourse||local|
|IRT Lenox Avenue Line||135th Street||Central Park North–110th Street||all|
|IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line||96th Street||Chambers Street||express|
|IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line,
|Park Place||Borough Hall||all|
|IRT Eastern Parkway Line||Hoyt Street||Franklin Avenue||local|
|IRT Nostrand Avenue Line (full line)||President Street||Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College||all||Most trains|
|IRT Eastern Parkway Line||Nostrand Avenue||Crown Heights–Utica Avenue||local||Limited service|
|IRT New Lots Line (full line)||Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road||New Lots Avenue||all|
For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops late nights only|
|Stops late nights and weekends only|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops weekends only|
|Stops daily except rush hours in the peak direction|
|Stops rush hours only|
|Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service)|
|Time period details|
|Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act|
|↑||Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act|
in the indicated direction only
|Elevator access to mezzanine only|
|White Plains Road Line|
|Wakefield–241st Street||Metro-North Railroad Harlem Line at Wakefield|
|Nereid Avenue||5||Northern terminal for some a.m. rush hour trains|
|233rd Street||5||Metro-North Railroad Harlem Line at Woodlawn|
|Gun Hill Road||5||Bx41 Select Bus Service|
|Pelham Parkway||5||Bx12 Select Bus Service|
|Bronx Park East||5|
|East 180th Street||5|
|West Farms Square–East Tremont Avenue||5||Q44 Select Bus Service|
|Intervale Avenue||5||Bx6 Select Bus Service|
|Third Avenue–149th Street||5||Bx41 Select Bus Service|
|149th Street–Grand Concourse||5
4 (IRT Jerome Avenue Line)
|Lenox Avenue Line|
|125th Street||3||M60 Select Bus Service to LaGuardia Airport|
|Central Park North–110th Street||3|
|Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line|
|96th Street||1 3|
||||86th Street||1||M86 Select Bus Service|
||||79th Street||1||M79 Select Bus Service|
|72nd Street||1 3|
||||66th Street–Lincoln Center||1|
||||59th Street–Columbus Circle||1
A D (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
|Times Square–42nd Street||1 3
7 <7> (IRT Flushing Line)
A C E (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal)
N Q R W (BMT Broadway Line)
S (42nd Street Shuttle)
|Port Authority Bus Terminal|
|34th Street–Penn Station||1 3||M34 / M34A Select Bus Service|
Amtrak, LIRR and NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
||||23rd Street||1||M23 Select Bus Service|
|14th Street||1 3
F M (IND Sixth Avenue Line at 14th Street)
L (BMT Canarsie Line at Sixth Avenue)
|PATH at 14th Street|
||||Christopher Street–Sheridan Square||1||PATH at Christopher Street|
|Chambers Street||1 3|
A C (IND Eighth Avenue Line at Chambers Street)
E (IND Eighth Avenue Line at World Trade Center)
N R W (BMT Broadway Line at Cortlandt Street)
|PATH at World Trade Center|
4 5 (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
A C (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
J Z (BMT Nassau Street Line)
|Connection to N R W (BMT Broadway Line) at Cortlandt Street via Dey Street Passageway|
4 5 (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)
N R W (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
|Eastern Parkway Line|
|Nevins Street||3 4 5|
|Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center||3 4 5
B Q (BMT Brighton Line)
D N R W (BMT Fourth Avenue Line)
|LIRR Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal|
|Bergen Street||3 4|
|Grand Army Plaza||3 4|
|Eastern Parkway–Brooklyn Museum||3 4|
|Franklin Avenue||3 4 5
S (BMT Franklin Avenue Line)
|Services to Flatbush Avenue and New Lots Avenue split|
|Nostrand Avenue Line|
|Sterling Street||5||B44 Select Bus Service|
|Winthrop Street||5||B44 Select Bus Service|
|Church Avenue||5||B44 Select Bus Service|
|Newkirk Avenue||5||B44 Select Bus Service|
|Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College||5||B44 Select Bus Service|
|Eastern Parkway Line (limited rush hour service only)|
|N/A||Nostrand Avenue||3 4 5||B44 Select Bus Service|
|Kingston Avenue||3 4 5|
|Crown Heights–Utica Avenue||3 4 5||B46 Select Bus Service|
|New Lots Line (limited rush hour service only)|
|N/A||Sutter Avenue–Rutland Road||3 4 5||B15 bus to JFK Airport|
|Saratoga Avenue||3 4 5|
|Rockaway Avenue||3 4 5|
|Junius Street||3 4 5|
|Pennsylvania Avenue||3 4 5|
|Van Siclen Avenue||3 4 5|
|New Lots Avenue||3 4 5||B15 bus to JFK Airport|
- Korman, Joe (December 4, 2017). "IRT Car Assignments". JoeKorNer.
- "Line by Line History: White Plains-7th Av. Express". erictb.info.
- "Discuss Subway Signs in 18th St. Station – Engineer Parsons and Mr. Hedley Inspect Advertising Scheme – Bronx Viaduct Works Well – Delays There Only Those of Newness – Lenox Avenue Service Makes Fuss Below Ninety-sixth Street" (PDF). New York Times. November 27, 1904. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
- Kahn, Alan Paul (January 1, 1973). Tracks of New York /. New York: Electric Railroaders' Association.
- "Subway Trains Running from Bronx to Battery – West Farms and South Ferry Stations Open at Midnight – Start Without a Hitch – Bowling Green Station Also Opened – Lenox Avenue Locals Take City Hall Loop Hereafter" (PDF). New York Times. July 10, 1905. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
- "Annual report. 1916-1917". HathiTrust. Interborough Rapid Transit Company. December 12, 2013. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
- "White Plains Road Extension of Subway Opened to the Public – New Branch, Which Runs from 177th to 219th Street, Gives the Williamsbridge and Wakefield Sections of the East Bronx Rapid Transit for the First Time" (PDF). The New York Times. March 4, 1917. Retrieved June 11, 2018.
- "New Subway Line Opened: White Plains Extension is Now Running to 238th Street" (PDF). New York Times. April 1, 1917. Retrieved August 17, 2015.
- "Subway Line Extended: White Plains Avenue Branch Opens to 241st Street Tomorrow" (PDF). New York Times. December 12, 1920. Retrieved December 20, 2015.
- Whitney, Travis (Public Service Commissioner) (March 10, 1918). "The Seventh and Lexington Avenue Subways Will Revive Dormant Sections – Change in Operation That Will Transform Original Four-Tracked Subway Into Two Four-Tracked Systems and Double Present Capacity of the Interborough" (PDF). Retrieved August 26, 2016.
- "New Subway Service Between Brooklyn and Manhattan Boroughs". The New York Times. April 13, 1919. Retrieved September 5, 2009.
- "IRT Brooklyn Line Opened 90 Years Ago". New York Division Bulletin. New York Division, Electric Railroaders' Association. 53 (9). September 2010. Retrieved August 31, 2016 – via Issu.
- Christian, Nichole M. (March 3, 1998). "Subway Line Repairs Start With Confusion". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
- "About NYC Transit - History". October 19, 2002. Archived from the original on October 19, 2002. Retrieved September 18, 2016.
- "Transit & Bus Committee Meeting December 2016" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 12, 2016. pp. PDF–169 to PDF–175. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 10, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- "Clark St Tunnel Reconstruction Weekend Service Changes". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 8, 2017. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
- "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017.
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