2nd Alpine Division Tridentina
|2a Divisione Alpina Tridentina|
Coat of Arms of the 2nd Alpine Division Tridentina
|Active||31 October 1935 – 28 January 1943
1 January 2003 - today
|Part of||Italian Alpine Corps
|Engagements||World War II
Italian War in Soviet Union
|General Luigi Reverberi|
The 2nd Alpine Division Tridentina was a World War II Mountain Infantry division of the Italian Army. The Alpini that formed the divisions are a highly decorated and elite mountain corps of the Italian Army comprising both infantry and artillery units. After World War II, the traditions and name of the 2nd Alpine Division Tridentina were carried on by the Alpine Brigade Tridentina, which was elevated to division command in 2003 and augmented to full division in 2013.
Order of battle
- 5th Alpini Regiment
- 6th Alpini Regiment
- 2nd Alpine Artillery Regiment
- Val Camonica artillery group
- Vicenza artillery group
- Bergamo artillery group
- 2nd Engineer Battalion
- 206th Auto-Transport Battalion
- 402nd, 417th Carabinieri Companies
- 619th, 620th, 622nd, 623rd Field Hospitals
The division participated in the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union. The division was all but destroyed in Operation Little Saturn in 1943, after the Alpini had initially brought to a halt a Russian attack on their headquarters and supply base in Rossosh.
In 2002 the Italian Army raised three division commands, with one of the three always readily deployable for NATO missions. The army decided that each division should carry on the traditions of one of the divisions that served with distinction in World War II. Therefore on 1 December 2003 the Tridentina Division Command was activated in Bolzano which carries on the traditions of the 2nd Alpine Division Tridentina and the Alpine Brigade Tridentina.
In the 2013 Army reform it was decided to abolish the corps level in the Italian Army. Combat brigades will from 2014 onwards come under the three division commands. The Tridentina Division will take command of the following brigades:
Together with the Mantova Division and the Acqui Division the Tridentina will come directly under the Armys Operational Center (Centro Operativo dell’Esercito or COE) once COMFOTER has been disbanded.
- The Forgotten Axis: Germany's Partners and Foreign Volunteers in World War II, J. Lee Ready, p. 248, McFarland, 1987
- The Unknown Eastern Front: The Wehrmacht and Hitler's Foreign Soldiers, Rolf-Dieter Müller, p. 85, I.B.Tauris
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