2 Peter 2

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2 Peter 2
Papyrus Bodmer VIII.jpg
1 Peter 5:12–end and 2 Peter 1:1–5 on facing pages of Papyrus 72 (3rd/4th century)
BookSecond Epistle of Peter
CategoryGeneral epistles
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part22

2 Peter 2 is the second chapter of the Second Epistle of Peter in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The author identifies himself as "Simon Peter, a bondservant and apostle of Jesus Christ" and the epistle is traditionally attributed to Peter the Apostle, but there are charges that it is a work of Peter's followers between 60-90 CE.[1][2][3]

Text[edit]

The original text was written in Koine Greek. This chapter is divided into 22 verses.

Textual witnesses[edit]

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:

Old Testament references[edit]

The danger and condemnation of false prophets (2:1–10a)[edit]

"False prophets" are dangerous due to three reasons:[4]

  • 'their method is underhand', leading to shameful ways and 'bringing the faith into disrepute'.
  • 'their teaching is a complete denial of the truth'
  • 'their destiny is to bring destruction' – to themselves and their followers as well.[4]

Verse 1[edit]

But there were also false prophets among the people, even as there will be false teachers among you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Lord who bought them, and bring on themselves swift destruction.[5]

The activities of the "false prophets" (Ancient Greek: ψευδοπροφῆται, pseudoprophētai[6]) among the people in the Old Testament period are listed in Deuteronomy 13:1–15; 1 Kings 13:18; 22:5–23; Jeremiah 5:13, 31; 6:13.[4]

  • "Heresies": is from Greek word αἱρέσεις, haireseis,[6] meaning "chosen beliefs", but used in Christianity for "'a wrong belief deliberately chosen' instead of 'the right belief revealed by God'".[4]

The character of false prophets (2:10b–22)[edit]

The dangerous influence of the false prophets are emphasized by more fully describing their true nature: insolent (verses 10–12), licentious (verse 13), immoral (verse 14) and greedy (verses 14b–16). [7] They ought to be condemned for the following three reasons:[7]

  • their seemingly attractive offer, which is actually without substance (verse 17)
  • their approach using 'the lever of sensual pleasure' to lure people to the ways of the world (verse 18)
  • their total deception to offer 'freedom' which actually only leads to the bondage of sin (verse 19).[7]

Verse 19[edit]

While they promise them liberty, they themselves are slaves of corruption; for by whom a person is overcome, by him also he is brought into bondage.[8]

The false prophets/false teachers offer freedom from the obligation to serve Christ and to grow in Christ (cf. 2 Peter 1:3–11), yet, in doing so, bringing the people, and also themselves, into 'the bondage of sin all over again' (cf. John 8:31–36 and Romans 6).[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Duff 2007, p. 1271.
  2. ^ Davids, Peter H (1982). I Howard Marshall and W Ward Gasque (ed.). New International Greek Testament Commentary: The Epistle of James (Repr. ed.). Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans. ISBN 0802823882.
  3. ^ Evans, Craig A (2005). Craig A Evans (ed.). Bible Knowledge Background Commentary: John, Hebrews-Revelation. Colorado Springs, Colo.: Victor. ISBN 0781442281.
  4. ^ a b c d Wheaton 1994, p. 1392.
  5. ^ 2 Peter 2:1 NKJV
  6. ^ a b Greek Text Analysis: 2 Peter 2:1. Biblehub.com
  7. ^ a b c Wheaton 1994, p. 1393.
  8. ^ 2 Peter 2:19 NKJV
  9. ^ Wheaton 1994, p. 1394.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]