2d Airlift Squadron
|2d Airlift Squadron|
C-130s taxiing at Pope Army Airfield
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Mobility Command|
|Decorations||Distinguished Unit Citation|
|2d Airlift Squadron emblem (approved 5 May 1942|
The 2nd Airlift Squadron is an inactive airlift of the United States Air Force squadron that was last stationed at Pope Army Airfield, North Carolina, where it operated Lockheed C-130 Hercules aircraft. The squadron was assigned to the 43d Airlift Group of Air Mobility Command.
Early airlift in the Air Corps
Prior to the early 1930s, transport aircraft in the Air Corps had been assigned to air depots and to service squadrons, although provisional transport squadrons had been formed for special projects. By 1932 Major Hugh J. Kerr, Chief of the Field Service Section of the Materiel Division, proposed the formation of a transport squadron at each air depot to act as a cadre for the transport wing the Air Corps proposed to support a field army in the event of mobilization. Major General Benjamin Foulois approved the formation of four provisional squadrons in November 1932.
In the spring of 1935, these squadrons, including the 2d Transport Squadron at Olmsted Field, Pennsylvania, were made regular units and activated with Bellanca C-27 Airbus aircraft assigned. With enlisted men as pilots, the squadron hauled engines, parts, and other equipment to airfields in their assigned depot area, returned items to the depot, and transferred materiel between depots. They also furnished transportation for maneuvers. The rapid transport of supplies by the squadrons permitted the Air Corps to maintain low levels of materiel at its airfields, relying on replenishment from depot stocks only when needed.
In May 1937, the squadron was reassigned from the Middletown Air Depot to the newly-activated 10th Transport Group, which assumed command of all four squadrons. The squadron received two-engine Douglas C-33s, the military version of the DC-2 in 1936 and Douglas C-39s (DC-2s with tail surfaces of the DC-3) in 1939 to replace the single engine Bellancas. These, and various other militarized DC-3s remained as the squadron's equipment until the entry of the United States into World War II.
World War II
The squadron trained transport pilots, 21 May-1 October 1942; transported troops and airdropped them during the airborne assault on Myitkyina, Burma, 17 May 1944; aerial transportation in China-Burma-India theater, 25 February 1943-c. August 1945; airlift of Chinese troops to eastern China for disarmament operations, September–November 1945. Airlift for airborne troops, 1 June 1992 – 2015.
Air Mobikity Command
The squadron flew C-130H2 Hercules transport aircraft on airlift missions and shared these aircraft in an association with the Air Force Reserve Command's 440th Airlift Wing. After being moved to Pope in the 2005 BRAC, the 440th became the first Air Force Reserve Wing to have an active duty associate squadron.
- Constituted as the 2d Provisional Transport Squadron on 1 March 1935
- Redesignated 2d Transport Squadron and activated on 28 June 1935
- Redesignated 2d Troop Carrier Squadron on 4 July 1942
- Inactivated on 24 December 1945
- Redesignated 2d Airlift Squadron and activated, on 1 June 1992
- Middletown Air Depot, 28 June 1935
- 10th Transport Group (later 10th Troop Carrier Group), 20 May 1937
- Tenth Air Force, c. 17 February 1943 (attached to India-China Wing, Air Transport Command, 9 March–1 July 1943)
- Assam Air Base Command, c. 1 July 1943 (attached to Troop Carrier Command, Eastern Air Command, 20 December 1943 – 6 March 1944)
- 443d Troop Carrier Group, 6 March 1944 – 24 December 1945
- 23d Operations Group, 1 June 1992
- 43d Operations Group (later 43d Airlift Group), 1 April 1997 – 3 June 2016
- Olmsted Field, Pennsylvania, 28 June 1935
- Stout Field, Indiana, 21 May 1942
- Kellogg Field, Michigan, 1 July 1942
- Bowman Field, Kentucky, 4 August 1942
- Pope Field, North Carolina, 1 October 1942 – 23 January 1943
- Yangkai Airfield, China, 17 February 1943
- Dinjan Airfield, India, 1 July 1943
- Shingbwiyang, Burma, 14 August 1944
- Dinjan Airfield, India, 1 June 1945
- Chihkiang Airfield, China, 24 August 1945
- Hankow Airfield, China, 25 September–21 November 1945
- Camp Anza, California, 23–24 December 1945
- Pope Air Force Base (later Pope Army Airfield), North Carolina, 1 June 1992 – 3 June 2016
- "Factsheet 2 Airlift Squadron (AMC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. January 4, 2008. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
- *"43d Operations Group". Retrieved 2006-08-18.
- Maurer, Aviation in the U.S. Army, pp. 367-368
- Clay, p. 1369
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-10-03. Retrieved 2012-07-30.
- Lineage, including stations, through 2008 in AFHRA Factsheet, 2 Airlift Squadron
- Barnes, Marc (June 22, 2016). "AMC unit at Pope Army Airfield is renamed". Air Mobility Command. Air Mobility Command Public Affairs. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
- Bailey, Carl E. (January 30, 2017). "Factsheet 43 Air Mobility Operations Group (AMC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
- Assignments through 1992 in AFHRA Factsheet, 2 Airlift Squadron
- Maurer, Maurer (1987). Aviation in the U.S. Army, 1919-1939 (PDF). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, United States Air Force. ISBN 0-912799-38-2. LCCN 87012257. OCLC 15661556. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. Retrieved December 17, 2016.