2d Fighter Training Squadron

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from 2d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron)
Jump to: navigation, search
2d Fighter Training Squadron
2d Fighter Squadron - F-15s - Tyndall AFB.jpg
Four-ship formation of 2d Fighter Squadron F-15 Eagles over Tyndall Air Force Base
Active 1941–1945; 1946–1969; 1971–1973; 1974–2010; 2014- present
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Type Squadron
Nickname(s) American Beagles
Motto Second to None
Engagements
  • European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Streamer.jpg
    World War II EAME Theatre
Decorations
  • Streamer PUC Army.PNG
    Distinguished Unit Citation (2x)
  • Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg
    Air Force Outstanding Unit Award (4x)
Insignia
2d Fighter Squadron emblem (Approved 7 October 1999)[1][note 1] 2d Fighter Squadron - Emblem.png
2d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron emblem (Approved 5 March 1959)[2] 2d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron - Emblem.png
Squadron Fuselage Code (1942-1945) QP

The 2d Fighter Training Squadron is an active United States Air Force Unit. It is assigned to the 325th Operations Group at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida. It was activated on 22 August 2014.

Mission[edit]

The squadron operates the Northrop T-38 Talon aircraft conducting adversary training for F-22 Raptor pilots in air superiority missions.[3]

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

Originally constituted as the 2d Pursuit Squadron on 20 November 1940, the squadron was activated on 15 January 1941. It served in World War II with the 52d Pursuit Group, and during that period flew the Curtis P-40 Warhawk and Bell P-39 Airacobra. The 2d also flew combat missions in the Supermarine Spitfire and North American P-51 Mustang in the European and Mediterranean Theaters, serving specifically in air campaigns in Europe, Algeria, French Morocco, Tunisia, Sicily, Naples-Foggia, Rome-Arno, Normandy, Northern France, Southern France, north Apennines, Rhineland, Central Europe, Po Valley, and performed air combat. The unit received two Distinguished Unit Citations for operations in Germany and Romania in 1944. Following World War II, the squadron was inactivated on 7 November 1945 at Drew Field, Florida.[4]

United States Air Force[edit]

Air Defense Command[edit]

2d Fighter Squadron P-61B Black Widow at Mitchel AFB[note 2]

It was reactivated on 9 November 1946 and was assigned to the 52d Fighter Group under which it served tours in Schweinfurt Air Base and Bad Kissingen, Germany. Returning to Mitchell Field, New York, the squadron was designated the 2d Fighter Squadron and flew the Northrop P-61 Black Widow. In 1949, the 2d was moved to McGuire Air Force Base, New Jersey, where it began flying the North American F-82 Twin Mustang.[4]

In 1950, the 2 FS became the 2d Fighter All Weather Squadron and was outfitted with the Lockheed F-94 Starfire. One year later the unit was redesignated the 2d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron and began flying the Republic F-84 Thunderjet.[4]

Realignment in 1952 saw the 2nd assigned first to the 4709th Defense Wing, one year later to the 568th Air Defense Group. In 1953, the squadron was equipped with North American F-86A Sabre day fighters. Re-equipped in 1954 with North American F-86D Sabres. Reassignment back to the 52d Fighter Group took place in August 1955, and the squadron moved its operations to Suffolk County Air Force Base, New York in 1957, the first delta wing fighter, the Convair F-102 Delta Dagger, was assigned to the unit to be replaced in 1959 with the McDonnell F-101 Voodoo. The squadron flew the F-101 for 10 years before being inactivated in 1969.[4]

2 F-106s taking off, Wurtsmith AFB

In 1971, the squadron was reactivated under the 23d Air Division at Wurtsmith Air Force Base, Michigan, flying the supersonic all weather Convair F-106 Delta Darts formerly assigned to the 94th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron. The unit received the Air Force Outstanding Unit Award for its activities during 1971-1972 at Wurtsmith, but was inactivated 31 March 1973.[1]

Air Defense Training[edit]

In August 1974, the squadron was reactivated and designated the 2d Fighter-Interceptor Training Squadron and was activated at the Air Defense Weapons Center located at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida, where it continued to fly the F-106.[1]

On 1 February 1982, the unit was redesignated the 2d Fighter Weapons Squadron, and it had the privilege of training the last active duty F-106 pilots. The unit received another Air Force Outstanding Unit Award for its activities during 1981-1982 at Tyndall. In May 1984 the squadron was redesignated as the 2d Tactical Fighter Training Squadron, and transitioned to the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle where it continued to train pilots for integration into Combat Air Forces worldwide, and maintained the capability to provide augmentation to air defense forces until its inactivation in September 2010.[1][4]

The name was changed to the 2d Fighter Squadron on 1 November 1991. It received another Air Force Outstanding Unit Award for its activities between 1999 and 2000.[1][4]

The squadron was reactivated as the 2d Fighter Training Squadron on 22 August 2014 to operate Northrop T-38 Talons conducting adversary training for F-22 Raptor pilots flying air superiority missions.[3] The growth of the T-38 adversary program at Tyndall led to the activation of a separate squadron to operate it.[5]

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted as the 2d Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 20 November 1940
Activated on 15 January 1941
Redesignated 2d Fighter Squadron on 15 May 1942
Redesignated 2d Fighter Squadron, Single Engine on 20 August 1944
Inactivated on 7 November 1945
Redesignated 2d Fighter Squadron (All Weather) on 18 October 1946
  • Activated on 9 November 1946
Redesignated 2d Fighter Squadron, All Weather on 10 May 1948
Redesignated 2d Fighter-All Weather Squadron on 20 January 1950
Redesignated 2d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 1 May 1951
Inactivated on 31 December 1969
  • Activated on 1 July 1971
Inactivated on 31 March 1973
Redesignated 2d Fighter-Interceptor Training Squadron on 15 August 1974
  • Activated on 1 September 1974
Redesignated 2d Fighter Weapons Squadron on 1 February 1982
Redesignated 2d Tactical Fighter Training Squadron on 1 May 1984
Redesignated 2d Fighter Squadron on 1 November 1991.
Inactivated on 30 September 2010
Redesignated 2d Fighter Training Squadron on 9 July 2014
Activated on 22 August 2014[1]

Assignments[edit]

  • 52d Pursuit Group (later 52d Fighter Group: 15 January 1941 – 7 November 1945
  • 52d Fighter Group (later 52d Fighter-All Weather Group, 52d Fighter-Interceptor Group): 9 November 1946
  • 4709th Defense Wing: 6 February 1952
  • 568th Air Defense Group: 16 February 1953
  • 4709th Defense Wing (later 4709th Air Defense Wing): 8 July 1854
  • 52d Fighter Group: 18 August 1955
  • 52d Fighter Wing: 1 July 1963
  • 52d Fighter Group: 30 September 1968 - 31 December 1969
  • 23d Air Division: 1 July 1971 – 31 March 1973
  • Air Defense Weapons Center (later USAF Air Defense Weapons Center): 1 September 1974
  • 325th Fighter Weapons Wing (later 325th Tactical Training Wing): 1 July 1981
  • 325th Operations Group: 1 September 1991 – 30 September 2010
  • 325th Operations Group: 22 August 2014 – present[1]

Stations[edit]

  • Selfridge Field, Michigan, 15 January 1941
  • Norfolk, Virginia, 17 December 1941
  • Selfridge Field, Michigan, 14 January 1942
  • Florence, South Carolina, 18 February 1942
  • Bluethenthal Field, North Carolina, 27 April 1942
  • Grenier Field, New Hampshire, 14 June - 19 July 1942
  • RAF Eglinton (Station 344),[6] Northern Ireland, 19 August 1942
  • RAF Goxhill (Station 345),[6] England, 26 August - 27 October 1942 (air echelon at RAF Biggin Hill until 13 September 1942)
  • La Senia Airfield, Algeria, 13 November 1942 (air echelon dispersed at Maison Blanche Airport, Algeria, 24 November - 4 December 1942 and Bone Airfield, Algeria after 28 November 1942)
  • Orleansville Airfield, Algeria, 30 December 1942 (air echelon dispersed at Bone Airfield, Algeria until 11 January 1943 and at Biskra Airfield, Algeria after 4 January 1943)
  • Relizane Airfield, Algeria, 15 January 1943 (air echelon at Biskra Airfield, Algeria )
  • Biskra Airfield, Algeria, 20 January 1943
  • Chateau-dun-du-Rhumel Airfield, Algeria, 16 February 1943 (air echelon at Thelepte Airfield No. 1, Tunisia, 15–17 February 1943, Youks-les-Bains Airfield, Algeria, until 20 February 1943, Canrobert Airfield, Algeria, 20 February 1943)
  • Ain M'lila Airfield, Algeria, 23 February 1943
  • Youks-les-Bains Airfield, Algeria, 8 March 1943 (air echelon at Thelepte Airfield No. 2, Tunisia, 10 March - 6 April 1943, Sbeitla Airfield, Tunisia, until 14 April 1943, Gidem (Le Sers Airfield No. 3), Tunisia, until 20 Apr 1943)
  • Le Sers Airfield, Tunisia, 20 April 1943
  • La Sebala Airfield, Tunisia, 22 May 1943 (air echelon at Le Sers No. 3, Tunisia, until 23 May 1943, Bocca di Falco Airport, Sicily, Italy after 29 July 1943))
  • Bocca di Falco Airport, Sicily, Italy, 6 August 1943
  • Borgo Airfield, Corsica, France, 3 December 1943
  • Aghione Airfield Airfield, Corsica, France, 27 April 1944
  • Madna Airfield, Italy, 16 May 1944 ((air echelon at Piryatin, Soviet Union, 4–6 July 1944)
  • Piagiolino Airfield, Italy, 21 April 1945
  • Lesina Airfield Airfield, Italy, c. 10 July 1945 - 13 August 1945
  • Drew Field, Florida, 25 August - 7 November 1945
  • Schweinfurt Air Base, Germany, 9 November 1946
  • Bad Kissingen, Germany, 5 May 1947
  • Mitchel Air Force Base, New York, 25 June 1947
  • McGuire Air Force Base, New Jersey, 4 October 1949
  • Suffolk County Air Force Base]], New York, 18 August 1955 - 31 December 1969
  • Wurtsmith Air Force Base, Michigan1, 1 July 1971 – 31 March 1973
  • Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida, 1 September 1974 - 30 September 2010
  • Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida, 22 August 2014 – present[1]

Aircraft[edit]

  • Curtiss P-40 Warhawk (1941–1942)
  • Bell P-39 Airacobra (1942)
  • Supermarine Spitfire (1942–1944)
  • North American P-51 Mustang (1944–1945)
  • Douglas A-26 Invader (1946–1947)
  • Northrop P-61 Black Widow (1947–1948)
  • North American F-82 Twin Mustang (1948–1949)
  • North American F-86A Sabre (1949–1950)
  • Lockheed F-94A Starfire (1950–1953)
  • Republic F-84G Thunderjet (1953)
  • North American F-86D Sabre (1953–1957)
  • Convair F-102A Delta Dagger (1957–1959)
  • McDonnell F-101B Voodoo (1959–1969, 1974–1981)
  • Convair F-106 Delta Dart (1971–1973, 1974–1984)
  • McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle (1984–2010)
  • Northrop T-38 Talon (2014–present)[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Modified 29 July 2005. Bailey, AFHRA Factsheet, 2d Fighter Squadron.
  2. ^ Aircraft is Northrop P-61B-10-NO serial 42-39556 taken upon delivery from depot refurbishing at Tinker AFB, Oklahoma

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Bailey, Carl E. (March 17, 2015). "Factsheet 2 Fighter Squadron". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved April 29, 2015. 
  2. ^ Maurer, p. 14
  3. ^ a b "USAF reactivates 2nd Fighter Training Squadron". Alert 5. Retrieved April 30, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Factsheet 2nd Fighter Squadron - Inactivated May 7 [sic]". Tyndall AFB Public Affairs. July 9, 2013. Retrieved April 29, 2015. 
  5. ^ Olwell, Chris. "'Beagles' to be reactivated". Panama City News Herald. Retrieved April 30, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b Station number in Anderson

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]