2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment
|2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment
(2e Régiment étranger de parachutistes)
Badge of the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment
|Active||9 October 1948 – present|
|Type||Foreign French Airborne Regiment|
• Air Assault
• Urban Warfare (1 CIE)
• Mountain warfare (2 CIE)
• Amphibious warfare (3 CIE)
• Sniping and Demolitions (4 CIE)
|Part of||11th Parachute Brigade|
|Garrison/HQ||Calvi, Corsica France|
More Majorum(following the ways and customs (or manner) of our ancestors)
|Colors||Green & Red|
La Legion Marche vers le front(The Legion marches towards the front)
|Anniversaries||Camerone Day (30 April),
Saint-Michael Day (29 September)
|Colonel Benoît Desmeulles|
Paul Arnaud de Foïard
|Circle Winged Armed Dextrochere Insignia of the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment worn on a Green Berets. This Insignia is also worn by French Army Metropolitan and Marine Infantry Paratroopers backgrounded by an Anchor on Red Berets.|
The 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment (French: 2e Régiment étranger de parachutistes, 2e REP) is the only Foreign French Airborne regiment of the French Foreign Legion, stationed at Camp Raffalli near the town of Calvi on the island of Corsica, just south of mainland France. It is part of the 11th Parachute Brigade and the spearhead of the French Rapid reaction force.
- 1 History
- 2 Selection
- 3 Organization
- 4 Deployments
- 5 Traditions
- 6 Company, Battalion & Regimental Commanders
- 6.1 Para Company of the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment ( 1948 - 1949 )
- 6.2 1st Foreign Parachute Battalion, 1e BEP ( 1948 - 1955 )
- 6.3 3rd Foreign Parahchute Battalion, 3e BEP ( 1948 - 1955 )
- 6.4 1st Foreign Parachute Regiment, 1e REP ( 1955 - 1961 )
- 6.5 2nd Foreign Parachute Battalion, 2e BEP ( 1948 - 1955 )
- 6.6 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment, 2e REP ( 1955 - present )
- 7 Gallery
- 8 Notable Officers and Legionnaires
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes
- 11 References
- 12 External links
As a consequence of the successes of the Parachute Company of 3e REI, the Legions' first parachute unit, serving in the First Indochina War it was decided to raise two battalions of Legion paratroops. The 2nd Foreign Parachute Battalion (French: 2e Bataillon étranger de parachutistes, 2e BEP) was formed on October 1, 1948, and based at Setif, Algeria.
The 2e BEP was sent to Indochina on January 13, 1949 and arrived at Saigon on February 8. From then until November they served as 'sector troops'.
In 1950, the battalion became a part of the General Reserve in Indochina. Following the French defeat on Route coloniale 4 in October 1950, the battalion was transported by ship to North Vietnam. The battalion took part in several battles, including the first battle of Nghia Lo (October 1951), the Black River (November–December 1951), and the fight for Route coloniale 6 (January–February 1952) during the Battle of Hoa Binh.
The battalion made a parachute drop on Dien Bien Phu as reinforcement during the Battle of Dien Bien Phu (March–May 1954). Fighting without reinforcements, remnants of the 1er and 2e BEP were overwhelmed after a final assault by Viet Minh forces; fewer than 100 legionnaires of the 2e BEP were taken prisoner. On 1 December 1954, after the surviving members of the battalion had returned from captivity after the Armistice, the 2e BEP was later reconstituted with replacements, and returned by ship to French Algeria.
On December 1, 1955, the 2e BEP was enlarged to a full regiment, and was redesignated as the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment (French: 2e Régiment étranger de parachutistes, 2e REP). The regiment served throughout the war and suffered a total of 741 casualties.
After the armistice on March 19, 1962 the regiment was to moved to Telergma and in September to Mers-el-Kebir. In June 1963 Lt. Col. Caillaud took command with a plan to transformed the now demoralized regiment into an elite para-commando force. In June 1967 the regiment was moved to its current base at Camp Raffalli, Calvi on the island of Corsica. It was assigned to the 11th Division and became part of France's rapid intervention forces.
Elements of the regiment were deployed to Chad in April 1969 as part of a French force to support the government against two rebel forces. Returning at the end of 1970. Individual companies were deployed again in 1978-79 to protect French lives and again in 1984.
In May 1978, a force of gendarmes katangais entered the Katanga province of Zaire from Angola and occupied the mining town of Kolwezi. They began to loot the town and kill government soldiers and civilians (including several Belgian and French employees of a mining company). At the request of the government of Zaire, 2 REP was airlifted to Kinshasa and dropped on Kolwezi. The operation was a success and the town was quickly recaptured with minor casualties in the ranks of the paratroopers. Some 120 civilian hostages died in the occupation.
2e REP deployed to Afghanistan from January to July 2010, as part of Task Force "Altor". Two Legionnaires, Pole Konrad Rygiel from 2e REP GCP, Slovakian Robert Hutnik from the regiment were killed in action.
||This section possibly contains original research. (March 2014)|
Through its diverse corps, the fact of the 2 REP being considered the most prestigious and most professional of all the elite parachute regiments around the globle is that the regiment is the only foreign airborne unit with French orders that parachutes nationals from the four corners of the globe and probably because the 2nd REP is in most cases the first unit to be sent into a combat zone.
The prestige and the emphasis on honor make the regiment a popular choice for Legionnaires leaving Castelnaudary. However, since it is considered to be the elite unit of the Legion in its class, only the best recruits are accepted there, where recruits get another four months of parachute training before being accepted into the unit.
The initial four months at Camp Rafalli in Corsica are spent on specialized and parachute training. Enhanced training and combat experience will be gained during the first year. Once in the 2ndREP, there is much emphasis on physical training on camp.
Considered the hardest and most intensive paratooper training in the world due to the fact that is, the only regiment in the world where foreign nationals execute in perfection orders sharply in a language that is not theirs and which they would only have the duration of basic training to understand and apply before deploying to a French ordered operational regiment. "Sharping up" for 2nd REP takes 12 months of physical, mental and psychological tests across all terrain and weather conditions including special operations training.
There are many traditions in the regiment; for instance, there are three roll calls a day. The first is in the morning, the second after lunch and the last at 21:00 in the evening. Another tradition is that a Legionnaire is confined to the island for the first year of the first posting there. It is also traditional for the whole regiment to march across the island from one side to the other once a year. This is a distance of about 200 kilometres (120 mi), which is performed in four days (carrying backpacks weighing at least 50 kilograms (110 lb)).
2nd REP is the only regiment of the 11th Parachute Brigade which trains its own paratroopers. The Legionnaires spend their parachute training in Calvi TAP within the walls of the regiment. All other French Army paratrooper units are trained at the École des troupes aéroportées (ETAP) in Pau.
- Compagnie de commandement et de logistique (CCL) - Command and Logistics Company
- Compagnie d'administration et de soutien (CAS) - Administrative and Support Company
- Compagnie d'éclairage et d'appui (CEA) - Reconnaissance & Support Company (recce, anti-tank, sniper & pathfinder sections)
- 1er CIE - 1st Company (specialises in Urban warfare) (a command section and 4 combat sections)
- 2e CIE - 2nd Company (specialises in Mountain warfare) (a command section and 4 combat sections)
- 3e CIE - 3rd Company (specialises in Amphibious warfare) (a command section and 4 combat sections)
- 4e CIE - 4th Company (specialises in sniping and demolitions) (a command section and 4 combat sections)
- 5e Compagnie de maintenance (5e CM) - 5th Maintenance Company (formed August 1994)
- 6e Compagnie (6e CIE) - Reserve Unit (founded July 2001 upon the dissolution of the 173rd Infantry Regiment of Corsica)
Some members of the 2e REP belong to the Commando Parachute Group - Groupement Commando Parachutiste which is a special forces unit of the 11th Parachute Brigade of the French army. While GCP members of other units wear the parachutist's red beret, the 2e REP GCP members conserves the green beret of the French Foreign Legion.
Operational deployments of 2e REP
- Chad (in 1969, Operations Pout, Manta, Sparrowhawk)
- Djibouti (1976 Loyada, 1992 Operation Iskoutir)
- Zaire (1978, Kolwezi)
- Lebanon (1982, Operation Orca,1987)
- Rwanda (1990, 1992, Operation Noroit)
- Gabon (1990, Operation Shark)
- Iraq (1991, GCP, Operation Daguet)
- Somalia (1992, Operation Oryx)
- Central (1996, Operation Almandine)
- Congo - Brazzaville (1997, Operation Pelican)
- Former Yugoslavia (1993 Sarajevo, 1995 RIF 1996 and 1999 KFOR, Kosovo 2001 and 2003)
- Kuwait 1991, Operation Desert storm
- Côte d'Ivoire (2002, 2004, 2006, 2010 Licorne)
- Afghanistan (Various operations from 1960 to 1980, OMLT 2008, GTIA Altor 2010, Red SGTIA 2011, Operation PAMIR).
- Mali (2013, Operation Serval)
Many other "classified" operations all over the globe.
Circled Winged Armed Dextrochere worn on Red Beret of French Army Metropolitan Paratroopers
Circled Winged Armed Dextrochere worn on Green Beret of French Foreign Legion Paratroopers
Anchored Winged Armed Dextrochere worn on Red Beret (Amaranth) of French Army Marine Infantry Paratroopers
The Archangel Saint Michael, patron of the French paratroopers is celebrated on September 29.
The prière du Para (Prayer of the Paratrooper) was written by André Zirnheld in 1938.
Legionnaires of the REP
Just like the paratrooper Brevet of the French Army; the Insignia of French Paratroopers was created in 1946. The French Army Insignia of metropolitan Paratroopers represents a closed <<winged armed dextrochere>>, meaning a "right winged arm" armed with a sword pointing upwards. The Insignia makes reference to the Patron of Paratroopers. In fact, the Insignia represents <<the right Arm of Saint Michael>>, the Archangel which according to Liturgy is the <<Armed Arm of God>>. This Insignia is the symbol of righteous combat and fidelity to superior missions. The French Army Insignia of Marine Infantry Paratroopers is backgrounded by a Marine Anchor.
Chant de Marche : La Légion marche
La Légion marche vers le front,
En chantant nous suivons,
Héritiers de ses traditions,
Nous sommes avec elle.
Nous sommes les hommes des troupes d'assaut,
Soldats de la vieille Légion,
Demain brandissant nos drapeaux,
En vainqueurs nous défilerons,
Nous n'avons pas seulement des armes,
Mais le diable marche avec nous,
Ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, car nos aînés de la Légion,
Se battant là-bas, nous emboîtons le pas.
Pour ce destin de chevalier,
Nous sommes fiers d'appartenir
Au 2e REP.
The regimental colors are decorated with:
- The Croix de Guerre for Theatres of Exterior Operations with 6 palms obtained during the campaigns of the First Indochina War. The 6 palms obtained during the same campaign allows the regiment to wear the red fourragère wearing the ruban colors of the Legion d'Honneur , only two regiments (2nd REP & 1st RCP)earning this fourragère for participating in military campaigns in Indochina.The second REP has received a second fourragère Valeur Militaire in july 2013
- The Cross for Military Valour with 4 palms for the following citations:
The attribution of the two citations for the same operation theatre confers the right to wear the fourragère with colors of the Croix de la Valeur militaire (as of July, 2013) and the olive colors of the Médaille militaire for the ensemble of the four conferred citations.
Fourragère with color ruban of the Legion of Honor
Company, Battalion & Regimental Commanders
Para Company of the 3rd Foreign Infantry Regiment ( 1948 - 1949 )
Compagnie parachutiste 3ème REI Tenure (1948-1949)
1st Foreign Parachute Battalion, 1e BEP ( 1948 - 1955 )
1er Bataillon Etranger de Parachutistes Tenure ( 1948 - 1955 )
3rd Foreign Parahchute Battalion, 3e BEP ( 1948 - 1955 )
3e Bataillon Etranger de Parachutistes Tenure ( 1948- 1955 )
1st Foreign Parachute Regiment, 1e REP ( 1955 - 1961 )
1er Régiment Etranger de Parachutistes Tenure ( 1955- 1961 )
2nd Foreign Parachute Battalion, 2e BEP ( 1948 - 1955 )
2e Bataillon Etranger de Parachutistes Teunure ( 1948 - 1955 )
2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment, 2e REP ( 1955 - present )
2e Régiment étranger de parachutistes Tenure ( 1955 - 1975 )
Tenure ( 1975 - 1995 )
Tenure ( 1995–present )
2e REP Regimental Colors
2ème REP mortar team in action during the Battle of Kolwezi, 1978.
2ème REP paratroopers roping from a Puma over Calvi.
2ème REP paratroopers jumping over Calvi Drop Zone.
2ème REP paratroopers landing on Calvi Drop Zone during a training course.
2ème REP paratroopers jumping from a C-160.
Camp Raffalli, home to the 2ème REP, as viewed from the water tower.
Notable Officers and Legionnaires
- Foreign Airborne Battalions and Regiments of the French Foreign Legion
- Peter J. Ortiz
- 25th Parachute Division (France)
- 10th Parachute Division (France)
- 3rd Foreign Parachute Regiment
- "Les compagnies du 2e REP". Legion Etrangere. Retrieved 2011-12-31.
- The Special Forces, A History Of The World's Elite Fighting Units By Peter MacDonald, Paperback: 256 pages, Publisher: WH Smith (1987) ISBN 0-603-03895-6
- Windrow, Martin (1985). French Foreign Legion Paratroops. p. 7.
- Windrow, Martin (1985). French Foreign Legion Paratroops. p. 12.
- Windrow, Martin (1985). French Foreign Legion Paratroops. p. 17.
- Windrow, Martin (1985). French Foreign Legion Paratroops. p. 22.
- Windrow, Martin (1985). French Foreign Legion Paratroops. pp. 27–28.
- Lignes de Défense, "La Légion saute sur Tombouctou" 2013/01/28 (French)
- "Compagnie de Commandement et de Logistique". Foreign Legion. Retrieved 2012-01-20.
- "Compagnie d'Administration et de Soutien". Foreign Legion. Retrieved 2012-01-20.
- "Compagnie d'Eclairage et d'Appui". Foreign Legion. Retrieved 2012-01-20.
- "1ère Compagnie – Le combat en zone urbaine". Foreign Legion. Retrieved 2012-01-20.
- Originally specialised in Night and Anti-tank warfare.
- "2e Compagnie – Le combat en montagne". Foreign Legion. Retrieved 2012-01-20.
- "3ème Compagnie – Le combat amphibie". Foreign Legion. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- "4e Compagnie – Le combat d'usure". Foreign Legion. Retrieved 2012-01-20.
- "5e Compagnie – Maintenance des matériels". Foreign Legion. Retrieved 2012-01-20.
- "6e Compagnie – La réserve du régiment". Foreign Legion. Retrieved 2012-02-20.
- "Historique du 2ème REP". Legion etranger. Retrieved 2013-02-05.
- Décision n°|12350/SGA/DPMA/SHD/DAT du 14 septembre 2007 relative aux inscriptions de noms de batailles sur les drapeaux et étendards des corps de troupe de l'armée de terre, du service de santé des armées et du service des essences des armées, Bulletin officiel des armées, n°|27, 9 novembre 2007
- Arrêté relatif à l'attribution de l'inscription AFN 1952-1962 sur les drapeaux et étendards des formations des armées et services, du 19 novembre 2004 (A) NORDEF0452926A Michèle Alliot-Marie
-  Official Website of the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment, Traditions, Le Drapeau du 2e REP
- Site de la Template:11e BP
- circulaire n°|13913/SDBC/DECO créant une fourragère à la couleur croix de la Valeur militaire du 28 novembre 2011
- Camerone is a Battle Honour shared by all Foreign Legion Regiments, no matter when it was formed.
- Official Website of the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment, Historique du 2e REP, Les origines...Compagnie parachutiste 3ème REI, Le Chef de Corps
-  Official Website of the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment, Historique du 2e REP, 1er Bataillon Etranger de Parachutistes, Les Chefs de Corps
-  Official Website of the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment, Historique du 2e REP, 3e Bataillon Etranger de Parachutistes, les Chefs de Corps
-  Official Website of the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment, Historique du 2e REP, 1er Régiment Etranger de Parachutistes, Les Chef de Corps
-  Official Website of the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment, Historique du 2e REP, 2e Bataillon Etranger de Parachutistes, Les Chef de Corps
-  Official Website of the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment,Ils ont commandé le 2éme REP, Regimental Commanders
- Official website of the French Foreign Legion
- Porch, Douglas. The French Foreign Legion. New York: Harper Collins, 1991. ISBN 978-0-06-092308-2
- Braby, Wayne & Windrow, Martin. French Foreign Legion Paratroops. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 1985. ISBN 978-0-85045-629-5
- Lochrie, Alex. Fighting for the French Foreign Legion. London: Pen & Sword, 2009. ISBN 978-1-84884-085-0
- The 2e Rep: French Foreign Legion Paratroopers, Yves Debay, Histoire & Collections, 2003, ISBN 2-913903-06-1, ISBN 978-2-913903-06-7
- Official website - 2e Régiment étranger de parachutistes
- 2eREP veterans forum
- History + images - 2e REP History