2nd Indian Cavalry Division

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2nd Indian Cavalry Division
Active September 1914 – March 1918
Country British India
Allegiance British Crown
Branch British Indian Army
Type Cavalry
Size Division
Part of Indian Cavalry Corps
Engagements

Western Front in World War I

Battle of the Somme
Battle of Bazentin Ridge
Battle of Flers-Courcelette
Hindenburg Line
Battle of Cambrai

The 2nd Indian Cavalry Division was a division of the British Indian Army formed at the outbreak of World War I. It served on the Western Front, being renamed as 5th Cavalry Division on 26 November 1916.[1] In March 1918, the 5th Cavalry Division was broken up. The British and Canadian units remained in France and the Indian elements were sent to Egypt to help constitute 2nd Mounted Division.[2]

History[edit]

The division sailed for France from Bombay on 16 October 1914, under the command of Major General G A Cookson. During the war the division would serve in the trenches as infantry. Due to the difference on troop levels each cavalry brigade, once dismounted, formed a dismounted regiment.

In March 1916 the 2nd Indian Cavalry Division was attached to the British Fourth Army. On 1 July 1916 the 9th (Secunderabad) Cavalry Brigade moved into a reserve position on the Somme, ready to exploit any breakthrough. The same brigade was sent up again on 14 July, to Montauban to support the attack on the BazentinLongueval ridge. At 17.30 the leading two regiments were ordered to advance between High Wood and Delville Wood. The British 7th Dragoon Guards and the Indian 20th Deccan Horse galloped forward to a position between the woods, but little could be achieved. At 03.30 on 15 July, they returned to Montauban, having suffered casualties of 74 men and 110 horses. Cavalry units were again brought forward on 15 September to support the attack on Flers-Courcelette, but were not drawn into the fighting and played no further part in the Battle of the Somme except as labour units in reserve. The high number of officer casualties suffered early on had an effect on its later performance. British officers that understood the language, customs, and psychology of their men could not be quickly replaced, and the alien environment of the Western Front had some effect on the soldiers.[3] The 2nd Indian Cavalry Division was renamed the 5th Cavalry Division on 26 November 1916 and attached to the 5th Army.[4] In March 1918 the division was transferred to Egypt,[5] although its two British regular cavalry regiments (8th Hussars and 7th Dragoon Guards) remained in France.

Order of battle[edit]

5th (Mhow) Cavalry Brigade (left on 15 September 1915 for 1st Indian Cavalry Division)

7th (Meerut) Cavalry Brigade (left in June 1916 for Mesopotamia)

13th Hussars horselines and bivouacs Aire, France, 25 July 1915

9th (Secunderabad) Cavalry Brigade

Battle of Bazentin Ridge, Battle of the Somme: the 20th Deccan Horse drawn up in ranks in the Carnoy Valley waiting for the opportunity to attack.

3rd (Ambala) Cavalry Brigade (joined on 15 September 1915 from 1st Indian Cavalry Division)

Forward scouts of the 9th Hodson's Horse pause to consult a map, near Vraignes, France in April 1917

Canadian Cavalry Brigade (joined on 17 June 1916 from 3rd Cavalry Division)

II Indian Brigade, Royal Horse Artillery (XVII Brigade, Royal Horse Artillery from 26 November 1916)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Perry 1993, p. 18
  2. ^ Perry 1993, p. 19
  3. ^ Haythornthwaite 1996
  4. ^ Baker, Chris. "The German retreat to the Hindenburg Line". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  5. ^ Sumner 2001, p. 9

Bibliography[edit]

  • Haythornthwaite, Philip J. (1996). The World War One Source Book. London: Arms and Armour Press. ISBN 1-85409-351-7. 
  • Perry, F.W. (1993). Order of Battle of Divisions Part 5B. Indian Army Divisions. Newport, Gwent: Ray Westlake Military Books. ISBN 1-871167-23-X. 
  • Preston, R.M.P. (1921). The Desert Mounted Corps: An Account of the Cavalry Operations in Palestine and Syria 1917–1918. London: Constable & Co. OCLC 3900439. 
  • Sumner, Ian (2001). The Indian Army 1914–1947. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-196-6. 
  • Wavell, Field Marshal Earl (1968) [1933]. "The Palestine Campaigns". In Sheppard, Eric William. A Short History of the British Army (4th ed.). London: Constable & Co. OCLC 35621223. 

External links[edit]