2nd Infantry Division (Philippines)

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Second Infantry Division
2nd Infantry Division (Philippines).jpg
Unit Seal of the 2nd Infantry Division
Active 1936- April 09, 1942 (as 2nd Regular Division, PCA)
May 07, 1942 - June 30, 1946 (as 2nd Infantry Division, PCA)
March 19, 1976 - Present
Country Philippines Philippines
Branch Philippine Army
Type Philippine Army Infantry BC.jpg Infantry
Role Conventional Warfare, Anti-Guerrilla Operations
Size 3 Brigades, 8 Battalions. Total is 7000+ soldiers
Part of Under the Philippine Army
Garrison/HQ Camp Mateo Capinpin, Tanay, Rizal
Nickname(s) Jungle Fighter Division
Motto(s) Professional, Competent, and Capable
Mascot(s) Kris
Anniversaries March 19
Engagements World War II
* Philippines Campaign (1941-1942)
* Battle of Bataan (1942)
* Japanese Occupation of the Philippines (1942-1945)
* Philippines Campaign (1944-1945)
* Battle of Luzon (1945)
Communist Insurgency in the Philippines
Anti-guerilla operations against the NPA and local criminal elements
Decorations Presidential Streamer Award
Commanders
Current
commander
MGen. Romeo G. Gan, AFP
Notable
commanders
MGen. Guillermo B. Francisco
MGen. Delfin N Bangit, AFP
MGen. Pedro Cabuoay, AFP
MGen. Alexander Yano, AFP
MGen. Fernando L. Mesa, AFP
MGen. Eduardo D. Del Rosario
Insignia
Armed Forces Occupational Specialty Insignia Philippine Army Infantry BC.jpg
U.S. Infantry Regiments
Previous Next
1st Division (PA) 11th Division (PA)

The 2nd Infantry Division, Philippine Army, known officially as the Jungle Fighter Division, is the Philippine Army's primary Infantry unit specializing in jungle warfare. Considered the second defended, hard to defeat camp of the Phil. Army.

History[edit]

2nd Regular Division, Philippine Commonwealth Army during World War II under the Japanese Invasion[edit]

2nd Philippine Division Emblem 1941-42 (gold version)
2nd Philippine Division Emblem 1941-42 (blue version)

The 2nd Regular Division, Philippine Commonwealth Army, was activated 6 January 1942, uniting the 4 existing Philippine Constabulary Regiments under one divisional command. Part of these troops were at Camp Murphy (now Camp Emilio Aguinaldo) in Quezon City, Rizal (now Metro Manila) and part at Fort William McKinley (now Fort Andres Bonifacio) in Taguig, Rizal (now Metro Manila). The Armed Forces reorganization acts passed in 1936 led to the decision to militarize Constabulary (Police) officers into organized fighting units. The Constabulary reverted back to their original semi-military ("gendarme") structure in 1938. But the need for more armed Filipinos to aid in resisting the rise and possible threat of Japanese military operations in mid-1941 led to the re-establishment of formal military organization of the Constabulary forces. Therefore, the organization of four regiments finally got underway in the early Fall of 1941, and upon activation, each regiment was inducted into the tables of organization and orders of battle for the United States Army Forces in the Far East (USAFFE). The 1st Philippine Constabulary Regiment dates from 15 Oct 1941; the 2nd Regiment from 17 Nov 1941; the 3rd Regiment from 12 Dec 1941; and the 4th Regiment from 29 Dec 1941.

Most of the 1st Regiment and all of the 2nd had been guarding public utilities and other targets of potential sabotage in the Manila metro area. By 31 Dec 1941, the 3rd and newly-formed 4th Regiments were on Bataan, or were en route. But after the withdrawal of American troops from Manila (to avoid a battle in the city) the 1st and 2nd Regiments also moved to Bataan. Here they were moved under the umbrella of the new 2nd Division (PC) (Philippine Constabulary) after its activation on 6 January 1942. The 2nd Division commander was BGen. (later MGen.) Guillermo B. Francisco.

The 2nd Division was on Bataan from 6 Jan 1942 to the fall of the peninsula on 9 Apr 1942, aiding the Gen. Douglas MacArthur's USAFFE military forces, against the Imperial Japanese troops led by General Masaharu Homma during the Battle of Bataan on 1942.

Throughout the main battle for the Bataan peninsula, from February to April 1942, Constabulary troops and officers fought side by side with other Philippine Commonwealth and American forces of the USAFFE, attacking and defending against Japanese troops. These battles include the Layac Line, Porac-Guagua Line, Abucay-Mauban Line, Battle of Trail 2, the Battle of the Pockets and the Battle of the Points, before the invasion at Mount Samat on 3 Apr 1942. On that date—Good Friday—Mount Samat fell. On 9 April 1942, the starving defending Fil-American forces, including the 2nd Division, surrendered to the Imperial Japanese Army on Bataan. After the enemy forces organized the surrendered troops into one large group, all Filipinos and Americans began the long walk from Mariveles, Bataan to Camp O'Donnell in Capas, Tarlac. This was the start of the Bataan Death March.

2nd Infantry Division, Philippine Army during the Post-War Era[edit]

On 1 February 1970, the 2nd Infantry Brigade (Separate) was activated. Its first Headquarters was based in Camp Vicente Lim in Canlubang, Calamba City and later, was moved to Barangay Sampaloc, Tanay, Rizal. Camp Capinpin, the present camp, was named after Brigadier General Mateo M. Capinpin, the intrepid commander of the 21st Division, Philippine Army, USAFFE, who rose from the ranks during World War I. It is strategically situated 70 kilometers east of Manila at the foothills of the scenic Sierra Madre Mountains, at an elevation of 1,400 feet above sea level.

On 19 March 1976, the 2nd Infantry Brigade was upgraded and reorganized as the 2nd Infantry Division, Philippine Army, at Camp Mateo Capinpin. Since the reorganization, twenty-five successive Commanders have already led the 2nd Infantry Division.

This expansion from a Brigade to a full Division became necessary as Brigade troops were assigned to combat the Communist rebels and local criminal element operations in Southern Luzon and beyond. These combat engagements were carried out over multiple regions and provinces, including the two regions of Calabarzon and Mimaropa, and the nine major provinces of Rizal, Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Quezon, Occidental Mindoro, Oriental Mindoro, Marinduque and Palawan. The ongoing Communist insurgencies in the Philippines began in 1969 with the Communist rebel fighters of the New People's Army (NPA), and worsened to include the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP), the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDF-P), and other local criminal elements. Battling these destructive elements, with both military and criminal aspects, hearkens back to the Constabulary roots of the 2nd Division.

Mission[edit]

The current mission of the 2nd Infantry Division is to conduct sustained Internal Security Operations (ISO) in regions 4A and 4B, to neutralize the Southern Tagalog Regional Party Committee (STRPC), the armed wing of the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP), and the New Peoples Army (NPA), in order to create a safe and sound environment—both physically and psychologically—conducive for development and commerce.

2nd Division (PC), 1942 Order of Battle[edit]

  • 1st Constabulary Regiment (PC) (LCol. Irwin Alexander) (?) (Activated 15 Oct 1941)
  • 2nd Constabulary Regiment (PC) (Activated 17 Nov 1941)
  • 3rd Constabulary Regiment (PC) (Activated 12 Dec 1941)
  • 4th Constabulary Regiment (PC) (Activated 29 Dec 1941)

Current Units[edit]

The following are the Brigade units that are under the 2nd Infantry Division.

  • 201st Infantry (Kabalikat) Brigade
  • 202nd Infantry (Unifier) Brigade
  • 203rd Infantry (Bantáy Kapayapaan) Brigade

The following are the Battalion units that are under the 2nd ID.

  • 1st Infantry (Always First) Battalion
  • 4th Infantry (Scorpion) Battalion
  • 16th Infantry (Maglilingkód) Battalion
  • 59th Infantry (Protector) Battalion
  • 68th Infantry (Kaagapay) Battalion
  • 74th Infantry (Unbeatable) Battalion
  • 76th Infantry (Victrix) Battalion
  • 80th Infantry (Steadfast) Battalion
  • 85th Infantry (Sandiwà) Battalion

Operations[edit]

  • Anti-guerrilla operations against the New People's Army
  • Anti-terrorist operations against the Abu Sayyaf operating in their AOR.
  • The 2nd Infantry Division was among the forerunners of what is now the 1st Scout Ranger Regiment.
  • MGen Delfin Bangit was previously assigned as the Presidents Most Senior Aide-de-camp and is the commanding officer of the Presidential Security Group.
  • MGen Pedro Cabouay was former commander of the Intelligence Service AFP and Light Armor Brigade (now Light Armor Division) was an alumnus of the University of Santo Tomas College of Commerce and is a product of the Philippine ROTC System.
  • LGen Alexander Yano, former commander of the 2ID, was previously assigned as Army Chief and later on as AFP Chief of Staff.
  • MGen Fernando Mesa is currently serving as the AFP NCR Command's commanding general. Overseeing security measures for the National Capital Region and is also responsible in securing the seat of power of the Philippine Government.

References[edit]