2nd Louisiana Regiment Native Guard Infantry
|2nd Louisiana Regiment Native Guard Infantry|
|Country||United States of America|
|Branch||Union Army, American Civil War|
|Nathan W. Daniels|
The Regiment was organized in New Orleans, Louisiana, in October 1862, and assigned to the defenses of New Orleans to December 1862. It operated in Louisiana until January 1863, when the it was sent to Ship Island, Mississippi. As with its related regiment, the 1st Louisiana Native Guard, the field grade officers (colonels, lieutenant colonels and majors) were white, and the original line officers were black.
Among them were P.B.S. Pinchback, an educated free man of color who became active in the Republican Party after the war, serving as lieutenant governor and then governor of Louisiana in 1872. He was elected to the US House of Representatives in 1874 and the US Senate in 1876.
He resigned his commission in 1863 because of discrimination. Remaining black officers were all purged by Major General Nathaniel P. Banks in early 1863.
The designation of the Regiment was changed to 2nd Regiment, Corps d' Afrique on June 6, 1863. It was on garrison duty at Ship Island from June 1863 to April 1864.
74th United States Colored Troops
The Regiment designation was changed to 74th United States Colored Troops on April 4, 1864 and it was attached to defenses of New Orleans until October 1864. The regiment participated in an expedition from Fort Pike to Pearl River from September 9–12, 1864. Detachments served on an expedition from Fort Pike to Bayou Bonforica January 31 – February 1, 1865, and from Fort Pike to Bayou St. Louis March 28–30, 1865.
The Regiment remained on garrison at Ship Island and mustered out on October 11, 1865.
- Dyer, Frederick Henry (1908). Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories. New York: T. Yoseloff.
- Weaver, C. P.; Daniels, Nathan W. (1998). Thank God my regiment an African one: the Civil War diary of Colonel Nathan W. Daniels. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press. ISBN 0-8071-2242-4.
- Bearss, Edwin C. (1984). Historic Resource Study Ship Island Harrison County, Mississippi Gulf Islands National Seashore Florida/ Mississippi. Denver Service Center: United States Department of The Interior, National Park Service.
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