2nd Missouri Regiment of Colored Infantry
|2nd Missouri Regiment of Colored Infantry - 65th U.S. Colored Troops|
|Active||December 14, 1863, to March 31, 1866|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
The Second Missouri Regiment of Colored Infantry was African-American infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Redesignated as the 65th Regiment of U.S. Colored Troops on March 11, 1864.
It was attached to:
- the Department of the Missouri to June 1864
- Provisional Brigade, District of Morganza, Louisiana, Department of the Gulf, to September 1864
- 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, United States Colored Troops, District of Morganza, Department of the Gulf, to February 1865
- 1st Brigade, 1st Division, United States Colored Troops, District of Morganza, Louisiana, Department of the Gulf, to May 1865, on garrison duty at Morganza
- Northern District of Louisiana and Department of the Gulf to January 1867; it was ordered to Port Hudson, Louisiana, for garrison duty there and at Baton Rouge and in the Northern District of Louisiana
It mustered out on January 8, 1867.
Founding of Lincoln University
One of the soldiers' most important achievements came at the end of the war. Between duties, and after the termination of hostilities, soldiers of the 62nd and 65th U.S. Colored Troops had been learning to read and write. The troops of the two regiments agreed that they wished to continue their studies as civilians. The soldiers and their officers signed resolutions pledging to work to establish a school "for the special benefit of free blacks". Troops of the 65th U.S.C.T. were energetic in working towards this goal, raising $1,300 to support the establishment of the planned educational institution. This effort eventually lead to the opening of the Lincoln Institute (now Lincoln University) in Jefferson City, Missouri, on September 16, 1866. and http://adamarenson.com/the-great-heart-of-the-republic/errata/
Total strength and casualties
Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 49 Enlisted men by disease.
- List of Missouri Civil War Units
- List of United States Colored Troops Civil War units
- Missouri in the American Civil War
- 1st Missouri Regiment of Colored Infantry
- 3rd Missouri Regiment of Colored Infantry
- 4th Missouri Regiment of Colored Infantry
- 18th U.S. Colored Infantry - Raised "at large" in the State of Missouri
- Lincoln University of Missouri
- Arenson, Adam, The Great Heart of the West: St. Louis and the Cultural Civil War, (Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 2011) pp169-170
- Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion (Des Moines, IA: Dyer Pub. Co.), 1908.
- This article contains text from a text now in the public domain: Dyer, Frederick H. (1908). A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Des Moines, IA: Dyer Publishing Co.
- The Civil War Archive
- Web site discussing the organization of Missouri "Colored Infantry", including discussions of conditions at Benton Barracks during the winter of 1863-1864. http://www.usgennet.org/usa/mo/county/stlouis/ct.htm
- Web side discussing participation of veterans of the 65th U.S. Colored Troops (originally the 2nd Missouri Regiment of Colored Infantry) in the founding of Lincoln University. http://www.buffalosoldier.net/62nd65thRegimentsU.S.ColoredInfantry.htm
- Lincoln University web site discussing the role of members of the 65th U.S. Colored Troops (2nd Missouri Regt of Colored Infantry) in the establishment of the University. http://www.lincolnu.edu/web/about-lincoln/our-history
- Link to waymarking site for the Soldier-Founder's Memorial at Lincoln University. http://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WM5QWY