2nd Rhode Island Regiment

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2nd Rhode Island Regiment
11th Continental Regiment
2nd Rhode Island Regiment Lefferts.jpg
2nd Rhode Island Regiment of Infantry, 1779, Continental Line, Continental Army, by artist, Charles M. Lefferts
Active 1775–1781
Country

 United States of America

allegiance= Rhode Island
Type Infantry
Part of Rhode Island Line
Nickname(s) Hitchcock's Regiment
(1775-1776)
11th Continental Regiment
(1776-1781)
Rhode Island Regiment
(1781-1783)
Engagements

American Revolutionary War

Commanders
Notable
commanders
Colonel Daniel Hitchcock
Colonel Israel Angell
Insignia
War Flag
Rhode Island Regimental Flag.jpg

The 2nd Rhode Island Regiment (also known as Hitchcock's Regiment and the 11th Continental Infantry) was authorized on 6 May 1775 under Colonel Daniel Hitchcock in the Rhode Island Army of Observation and was organized on 8 May 1775 as eight companies of volunteers from Providence County of the colony of Rhode Island. As part of a brigade organized under Nathanael Greene, the unit participated in the Siege of Boston during the remainder of 1775. Some elements accompanied Benedict Arnold's expedition to Quebec late in the year. The unit was renamed the 11th Continental Regiment on the first day 1776.

In its new designation, the regiment fought in the New York and New Jersey campaign starting in August 1776. After retreating across New Jersey, the unit was renamed the 2nd Rhode Island Regiment and fought at Assunpink Creek and Princeton in early January. Hitchcock died soon after and the 2nd Regiment was ordered away to defend the Hudson River valley. In September 1777 the regiment, now under Colonel Israel Angell, was recalled to the main army for the Philadelphia Campaign. With the 1st Rhode Island Regiment, it won a victory at Red Bank in October 1777. Portions of the unit defended Fort Mifflin where the 2nd Regiment's Major Simeon Thayer assumed command of the fort near the end of the siege.

In 1778 the regiment fought at the battles of Monmouth and Rhode Island. In June of the following year it was in the thick of action at Springfield in New Jersey. On 1 January 1781, the regiment was consolidated with the 1st Regiment and the new unit was renamed the Rhode Island Regiment. For the unit's subsequent history, see the 1st Rhode Island Regiment.

Regiment history[edit]

Hitchcock's Regiment (1775)[edit]

Shortly after the Battles of Lexington and Concord, the General Assembly of Rhode Island decided to raise a brigade of three regiments to join the Army of Observation during the Siege of Boston.

The three regiments were organized in May 1775. The regiment from Providence County was placed under the command of Colonel Daniel Hitchcock, for whom it was named as the Continental Army did not have numerical designations of units at that time. (The other two regiments were then known as Varnum's Regiment (raised in Kent and Kings Counties) and Church's Regiment (raised in Newport and Bristol Counties). Shortly after the regiments were organized, they marched north to Boston under the command of Brigadier General Nathanael Greene.

The Regiment would see action at Roxbury, Massachusetts during the Battle of Bunker Hill in June. The regiment was expanded to ten companies on 28 June 1775. It was adopted into the Continental Army when General George Washington arrived in Cambridge and took command on 3 July 1775. It was assigned to Greene's Brigade on 22 July 1775.

11th Continental Infantry (1776)[edit]

The regiment was re-organized as the 11th Continental Infantry on 1 January 1776. Following the British evacuation of Boston in March, the regiment, along with the bulk of the Continental Army, was redeployed to defend New York City. The British landed in force on Long Island in September 1776 and defeated the inexperienced Continentals at the Battle of Long Island.

The last engagements of the 11th Continental Infantry were the Battles of Trenton and Princeton in early January 1777.

2nd Rhode Island Regiment (1777-1781)[edit]

The regiment was re-organized as the 2nd Rhode Island Regiment after the death of Colonel Hitchcock on 13 January 1777. In late 1777 it fought at the Battle of Red Bank and Major Simeon Thayer of the 2nd led the defenders during the latter part of the Siege of Fort Mifflin. The 2nd Rhode Island spent the winter of 1778 at Valley Forge.

In 1778 the 2nd Rhode Island Regiment distinguished itself at the Battles of Monmouth and the Rhode Island.

The regiment's last major engagement was the Springfield and also fought in several other skirmishes and minor engagements.

Consolidation (1781)[edit]

In February 1781, the 2nd Rhode Island Regiment was combined with the remnants of the 1st Rhode Island Regiment to form the Rhode Island Regiment (1781–1783). The Rhode Island Regiment served until British evacuated New York and was finally disbanded on December 25, 1783.

Service record[edit]

Designation[1] Date Brigade Department
Hitchcock's Regiment 8 May 1775 none none
Hitchcock's Regiment 22 July 1775 Greene's Main Army
11th Continental Regiment 1 January 1776 Greene's Main Army
11th Continental Regiment 12 August 1776 Nixon's Main Army
11th Continental Regiment 22 December 1776 Hitchcock's Main Army
2nd Rhode Island Regiment 1 January 1777 Hitchcock's Main Army
2nd Rhode Island Regiment 13 January 1777 none Main Army
2nd Rhode Island Regiment 12 March 1777 none Highlands
2nd Rhode Island Regiment 10 July 1777 Rhode Island Highlands
2nd Rhode Island Regiment 14 September 1777 Rhode Island Main Army
2nd Rhode Island Regiment 19 July 1778 1st Massachusetts Main Army
2nd Rhode Island Regiment 21 July 1778 Rhode Island Eastern
2nd Rhode Island Regiment 17 November 1779 Stark's Main Army
2nd Rhode Island Regiment 1 January 1781 Stark's consolidated

Significant campaigns and battles[edit]

Senior Officers[edit]

Colonels[edit]

Lieutenant Colonels[edit]

  • Ezekiel Cornell; 3 May 1775 - October 1776 (discharged, promoted to brigadier general in the Rhode Island Militia)
  • Israel Angell; October 1776 - 13 January 1777 (promoted)
  • Jeremiah Olney; 13 January 1777 - 31 December 1781 (promoted, transferred to the Rhode Island Regiment)

Majors[edit]

  • Israel Angell; 3 May 1775 - October 1776 (promoted)
  • Christopher Smith; October 1776 - 31 December 1777
  • Simeon Thayer; 1 January 1777 - 31 December 1780 (retired and promoted to brigadier general in the Rhode Island Militia)

Note - The dates shown are the dates of rank. In many cases promotions were late and the date of rank was retroactively conferred.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Wright, 229

References[edit]

  • Archambault, Alan H. "The Second Rhode Island Regiment of the Continental Line 1775-1777." Military Collector and Historian, 28 (Fall 1976), p. 133.
  • Archambault, Alan H. and Marko Zlatich. "Rhode Island Regiment, 1781-1783." Military Collector and Historian, 36 (Summer 1984), p. 77.
  • Boyle, Joseph Lee "Death Seem'd to Stare": The New Hampshire And Rhode Island Regiments at Valley Forge Clearfield Co, 1995 ISBN 0-8063-5267-1
  • Brown, Anne S. K. "Rhode Island Uniforms in the Revolution." Military Collector and Historian, 10 (Spring 1958), pp. 1–10.
  • Gardiner, Asa B. The Rhode Island Line in the Continental Army and Its Society of Cincinnati. Providence: Providence Press Co., 1878.
  • Hitchcock, Dan. "So Few the Brave (The Second Rhode Island 1777-1781)." Military Collector and Historian, 30 (Spring 1978), pp. 18–22.
  • Lovell, Louise Lewis and Eben Putnam. Israel Angell, colonel of the 2nd Rhode Island regiment. New York: The Knickerbocker press (G.P. Putnam's sons), 1921.
  • McGuire, Thomas J. (2007). The Philadelphia Campaign, Volume II. Mechanicsburg, Penn.: Stackpole Books. ISBN 0-8117-0206-5. 
  • Walker, Anthony. So Few The Brave (Rhode Island Continentals 1775-1783). Newport: Seafield Press, 1981.
  • Wright, Richard K. (1983). "Lineage". The Continental Army. Washington, D.C.: United States Army Center of Military History. CMH Pub 60-4. Retrieved 26 June 2006. 

External links[edit]