2nd South Carolina Regiment

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For the American Civil War unit, see 2nd Infantry (2nd Palmetto Regiment).
2nd South Carolina Regiment
Active 1775-1783
Country  United States
Allegiance  South Carolina
Branch Continental Army
Type Regiment
Role Infantry
Part of South Carolina Line
Engagements Savannah and Charleston

The 2nd South Carolina Regiment was raised on June 6, 1775[citation needed], at Charleston, South Carolina, for service with the Continental Army.

At organization the regiment consisted of 10 companies from eastern South Carolina. On November 4, 1775 the regiment was adopted by the Continental Army, and on February 27, 1776 it was assigned to the Southern Department. On November 23, 1776 the regiment was assigned to the 2nd South Carolina Brigade, Southern Department, and was relieved on 26 August 1778 and placed in the 1st South Carolina Brigade, and again moved to McIntosh's Brigade on June 15, 1779 and then moved to Huger's Brigade on September 14, 1779. On February 11, 1780 it was consolidated with the 6th South Carolina Regiment.

It was the main unit involved in the successful defense of Fort Moultrie at the Battle of Sullivan's Island. This battle saved Charleston from invasion for the next several years, and handed the British fleet their first loss in over a century. When the flag designed by the fort's commander, Colonel William Moultrie, was shot down, one of the regiment, William Jasper, grabbed it and held it aloft, rallying the troops until a stand could be provided.

This battle was vital to the entire war, and became symbolic of liberty in South Carolina. Its date is known as Carolina Day in the state, and the palmetto logs the regiment used for the fortress were added to the Moultrie Flag used to rally the troops, creating the Flag of South Carolina.

The regiment saw action at the Siege of Savannah and the Siege of Charleston. The regiment was captured by the British Army at Charleston on May 12, 1780, together with the rest of the Southern Department. The regiment was disbanded on November 15, 1783.

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