|Created by||Pedro Aguilera|
|Country of origin||Brazil|
|No. of seasons||4|
|No. of episodes||33 (list of episodes)|
|Running time||36–74 minutes|
|Production company||Boutique Filmes|
|Picture format||4K (Ultra HD)|
|Original release||November 25, 2016 –|
August 14, 2020
3% (Brazilian Portuguese: Três por cento, pronounced [tɾe(j)s puʁ ˈsẽ.tu]) is a Brazilian dystopian thriller streaming television series created by Pedro Aguilera, starring João Miguel and Bianca Comparato. Developed from a 2009 independent pilot episode, it is the first Portuguese-language Netflix original series and the second non-English production, after the Spanish-language series Club de Cuervos.
The series is set in an unspecified future where 20-year-old individuals of the impoverished "Inland" have the single opportunity to complete "The Process" and advance to the affluence of the distant "Offshore" society. While most of the unsuccessful candidates are simply eliminated, some fail to survive, leading to only 3% of the candidates succeeding.
The first season, consisting of 8 episodes, became available on Netflix worldwide on November 25, 2016. In December 2016, Netflix renewed the series for a second season, which was released on April 27, 2018, consisting of 10 episodes. In June 2018, the series was renewed for a third season, consisting of 8 episodes, which was released on June 7, 2019. In August 2019, it was announced that the series had been renewed for a fourth and final season, which was released on August 14, 2020.
Cast and characters
- João Miguel as Ezequiel, the head of the Process. He is intense, mysterious, short-tempered, and conflicted by ideal extremes. (seasons 1–2)
- Bianca Comparato as Michele Santana, a smart and sly young woman who has a very strong sense of justice. She has no family and was raised by her brother, who did not return after being sent to the Process.
- Michel Gomes as Fernando Carvalho, raised by his father, who fostered in him the singular purpose of passing the Process. A wheelchair user, Fernando is disdained by some candidates who do not believe in his chances to successfully complete the Process. (seasons 1–2)
- Rodolfo Valente as Rafael Moreira, egocentric, selfish, sarcastic, and willing to do anything to pass, even cheat. He hides his mysteries and believes the ends justify the means.
- Vaneza Oliveira as Joana Coelho, an orphan who survived on her own at the margins of society, on the streets of the Inland. Intelligent and capable, she interacts with very few candidates and shows little interest in the Process.
- Rafael Lozano as Marco Álvares, from a family known to always pass the Process and who are waiting for him in the Offshore.
- Viviane Porto as Aline, a young and ambitious employee of the Council, with the mission to overthrow Ezequiel and become the next head of the Process. (season 1; guest season 2)
- Samuel de Assis as Silas, a compassionate Inland doctor, but also a member of the Cause. (season 2; guest season 4)
- Cynthia Senek as Glória, Fernando's close childhood friend. (seasons 2–4)
- Laila Garin as Marcela Álvares, Offshore's military commander, and later, the head of the Process. (seasons 2–4)
- Bruno Fagundes as André Santana, Michele's brother and the first Offshore citizen to commit a murder. (seasons 2–4)
- Thais Lago as Elisa, a doctor in the Offshore and Rafael's girlfriend. (seasons 2–4)
- Amanda Magalhães as Natália (season 4; recurring seasons 2–3)
- Fernando Rubro as Xavier (season 4; recurring season 3)
- Mel Fronckowiak as Júlia, Ezequiel's wife and an employee of the Process, who ends up being depressed and in doubt about her actions. (season 1; guest season 2)
- Sérgio Mamberti as Matheus, a member of the Council. (season 1)
- Zezé Motta as Nair, a member of the Council who serves as a friend to Ezequiel.
- Celso Frateschi as the Old Man, the founder of the Cause. (seasons 1–2; guest season 4)
- Luciana Paes as Cássia, head of security for the Process. She is extremely loyal to Ezequiel. (seasons 1–2; guest season 4)
- Dárcio de Oliveira as Antônio, a spiritual leader and Fernando's father. (seasons 1–2; guest seasons 3–4)
- Luana Tanaka as Ágata, a candidate in Michele's group. (season 1)
- Roberta Calza as Ivana (seasons 1–2; guest season 3)
- Rita Batata as Denise (seasons 1, 4)
- Leonardo Garcez as Daniel (season 1; guest season 2)
- Clarissa Kiste as Luciana (season 1)
- Júlio Silvério as Otávio (season 1)
- Thiago Amaral as Álvaro (season 1; guest season 2)
- César Gouvêa as César (season 1)
- Geraldo Rodrigues as Geraldo (season 1)
- Ediana Souza as Camila (season 1; guest season 2)
- Fernanda Vasconcellos as Laís (season 2; guest seasons 3–4)
- Maria Flor as Samira (season 2; guest season 4)
- Silvio Guindane as Vítor (season 2; guest seasons 3–4)
- Marina Matheus as Ariel (season 2; guest seasons 3–4)
- Léo Belmonte as Arthur Moreira (seasons 3–4)
- Guilherme Zanella as Tadeu (season 3)
- Kaique de Jesus as Ricardo (season 3)
- Rafael Losso as Otávio Bernardes (season 3)
- Ney Matogrosso as Leonardo Álvares (season 3; guest season 4)
|1||8||November 25, 2016|
|2||10||April 27, 2018|
|3||8||June 7, 2019|
|4||7||August 14, 2020|
Conception and development
Creator and writer Pedro Aguilera developed 3% from a 2009 independent pilot episode. Netflix gave the series an 8-episode order for the first season. It is the first Portuguese-language Netflix original series and the second non-English production, after the Spanish-language series Club de Cuervos.
Academy Award-nominated cinematographer César Charlone, known for City of God and Blindness, served as director alongside Daina Giannecchini, Dani Libardi, and Jotagá Crema. Charlone also serves as an executive producer, alongside Tiago Mello. The first season became available on Netflix worldwide on November 25, 2016. In December 2016, Netflix renewed the series for a second season, which was released on April 27, 2018. On June 4, 2018, the series was renewed for a third season, which was released on June 7, 2019.
On March 11, 2016, Netflix announced the filming of the series in São Paulo. The principal photography for the first season began with the primary location at the interior of the Arena Corinthians, chosen for its luxurious and futuristic design and used as "The Process" building. A scenographic favela was built in a large abandoned factory in the neighborhood of Brás, central Region of São Paulo (representing the "Inland") and with some other scenes shot at the outskirts of the city, such as in the neighborhoods Heliópolis, Vila Madalena, Parque da Juventude and Ocupação Cine Marrocos.
Exterior scenes for the second season's "Offshore" were filmed at the Inhotim Institute in Brumadinho, Minas Gerais. Most of the scenes shot at Inhotim are concentrated in the central gardens – especially in the place where is the statue of the "Founding Couple", inserted using CGI. But three other pavilions also served as filming locations: Adriana Varejão pavillion (where the characters access the submarine), Cosmococas, by Hélio Oiticica (the military center) and Sonic Pavillion, by Doug Aitken (where the council meeting takes place).
On the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the first season holds an approval rating of 85%, based on 20 reviews, with an average score of 6.5/10. The critical consensus reads: "Despite comparisons to other teen-centric dystopian thrillers, 3% separates itself from the pack by focusing on characters with complicated backstories and personalities." Liz Shannon Miller gave the first season a B+ in her review for IndieWire, saying that the series left her "surprised and impressed." Calum Henderson of the New Zealand Herald said in his review "The characters are the show's strongest point, though, and it skillfully introduces the six core candidates throughout the Process' preliminary challenges in the first episode."
Awards and nominations
|2017||Fénix Awards||Television: Best Drama Series||3%||Nominated|||
|2019||Rio2C (Rio Creative Conference)||Global Audience Award||3%||Won|||
|2020||ABC Cinematography Award||TV - Best Cinematography||3%||Nominated|||
The 3% Challenge
Doppio Games, in association with Netflix, developed a free-to-play voice-based game based on the series, released to Amazon Alexa and Google Assistant. The game features a prequel storyline written in collaboration with Pedro Aguilera, showrunner and writer of the series.
- "The third season of 3% will be launched globally on June 7th". Netflix Media Center. May 9, 2019. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
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- Littleton, Cynthia (August 5, 2015). "Netflix Orders Brazilian Drama Series '3%'". Variety. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
- ""3% Season 4 finale air date, cast, plot and why did they kill Fernando in 3%". toplistspedia.com. 9 July 2020.
- Miller, Liz Shannon (December 7, 2016). "Netflix's '3%' Gets Renewed for Season 2 — See How the Cast Reacted". IndieWire. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
- Miller, Liz Shannon (March 19, 2018). "'3%' Season 2 Teaser: We Finally Get a Look at Paradise as Netflix Reveals Premiere Date — Watch". IndieWire. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- Olin, Bryce (June 4, 2018). "3% renewed for season 3 at Netflix: Updated release date". FanSided. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
- "The Third Season of "3%" Will Be Launched Globally on June 7th". The Futon Critic. May 9, 2019. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
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- "'3%' Season 4 (Final Season) Coming to Netflix in August 2020". What's on Netflix. July 19, 2020.
- Mesquita, Marcelo. "Ministério da Cultura - MinC " Resultado do FICTV/Mais Cultura". thacker.diraol.eng.br. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
- Netflix Brasil Facebook page.
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- Cox, Jamieson (August 5, 2015). "Netflix's newest original series is a dystopian thriller in Brazil". The Verge. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- Izel, Adriana (March 11, 2016). "Começam gravações da série 3%, primeira produção brasileira de Netflix" (in Portuguese). Diário de Pernambuco. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
- Cassucci, Bruno (April 27, 2016). "Netflix usa Arena Corinthians para gravar sua primeira série no Brasil" (in Portuguese). Lance. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
- "Confira séries da Netflix que tiveram a cidade de São Paulo como cenário" (in Portuguese). Bonde. September 3, 2019. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
- Oliveira, Cinthya (May 7, 2018). "Maralto em Minas: veja como foram as filmagens de '3%' no Inhotim" (in Portuguese). Hoje em Dia. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
- Kusumoto, Meire (June 7, 2019). "'3%': Em novo lugar, personagens enfrentam velhos dilemas" (in Portuguese). Veja. Retrieved June 13, 2020.
- "3%: Season 1 (2016)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
- Miler, Liz Shannon (November 25, 2016). "Netflix's '3%' Review: Season 1 of Brazil's 'Hunger Games' Finds Its Own Voice". IndieWire.
- Domínguez, Daniel (October 9, 2017). "Anuncian los nominados a los premios Fénix 2017". La Prensa (in Spanish). Retrieved April 29, 2019.
- Levin, Teresa (April 24, 2019). "Audiovisual não morreu, mas respiramos por aparelhos". Meio & Mensagem (in Portuguese). Retrieved April 29, 2019.
- "ABC Divulga A Lista Dos Finalistas Do Prêmio ABC 2020". abcine.org.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved May 18, 2018.
- England, Rachel (October 8, 2019). "Netflix's '3%' gets its own voice game on Alexa and Google Assistant". Engadget. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
- Takahashi, Dean (October 8, 2019). "Netflix and Doppio Games partner to create voice-controlled game The 3% Challenge". VentureBeat. Retrieved October 11, 2019.