Carene

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Carene
Carene
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
3,7,7-Trimethylbicyclo[4.1.0]hept-3-ene
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.033.367
KEGG
UNII
Properties
C10H16
Molar mass 136.24 g/mol
Density 0.867 g/cm3
Boiling point 168–169 °C (334–336 °F; 441–442 K) at 705 mmHg (94.0 kPa)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Carene, or delta-3-carene, is a bicyclic monoterpene which occurs naturally as a constituent of turpentine,[1] with a content as high as 42% depending on the source. Carene has a sweet and pungent odor. It is not soluble in water, but miscible with fats and oils.

Health[edit]

A study has shown that Carene provides anti-inflammatory effects in mice[2], and in higher concentrations, delta-3-carene can be a skin irritant or central nervous system depressant.

Aromas[edit]

Aromas attributed to carene include sweet, pine, cedar, woodsy, and pungent.

Natural sources[edit]

Natural sources of carene include turpentine (pine extract), rosemary, and cedar, and cannabis.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haz-Map Agents
  2. ^ Ocete, M. A.; Risco, S.; Zarzuelo, A.; Jimenez, J. (1989-05-01). "Pharmacological activity of the essential oil of Bupleurum gibraltaricum: anti-inflammatory activity and effects on isolated rat uteri". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 25 (3): 305–313. ISSN 0378-8741. PMID 2747263.