3-Keto-5α-abiraterone

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3-Keto-5α-abiraterone
3-Keto-5α-abiraterone.svg
Clinical data
Other names17-(3-Pyridyl)-5α-androst-16-en-3-one
Identifiers
  • (5S,8R,9S,10S,13S,14S)-10,13-Dimethyl-17-pyridin-3-yl-1,2,4,5,6,7,8,9,11,12,14,15-dodecahydrocyclopenta[a]phenanthren-3-one
CAS Number
PubChem CID
UNII
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC24H31NO
Molar mass349.518 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • C[C@]12CCC(=O)C[C@@H]1CC[C@@H]3[C@@H]2CC[C@]4([C@H]3CC=C4C5=CN=CC=C5)C
  • InChI=1S/C24H31NO/c1-23-11-9-18(26)14-17(23)5-6-19-21-8-7-20(16-4-3-13-25-15-16)24(21,2)12-10-22(19)23/h3-4,7,13,15,17,19,21-22H,5-6,8-12,14H2,1-2H3/t17-,19-,21-,22-,23-,24+/m0/s1
  • Key:FKNZCFYWNHCQGE-IRMBCWQZSA-N

3-Keto-5α-abiraterone, also known as 17-(3-pyridyl)-5α-androst-16-en-3-one, is an active metabolite of abiraterone acetate that has been found to possess androgenic activity and to stimulate prostate cancer progression.[1][2] It is formed as follows: abiraterone acetate to abiraterone by esterases; abiraterone to Δ4-abiraterone by 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/Δ5-4 isomerase; and Δ4-abiraterone to 3-keto-5α-abiraterone by 5α-reductase.[1][2] 3-Keto-5α-abiraterone may counteract the clinical effectiveness of abiraterone acetate, and so inhibition of its formation using the 5α-reductase inhibitor dutasteride is being investigated as an adjunct to abiraterone acetate in the treatment of prostate cancer.[1][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Li Z, Alyamani M, Li J, Rogacki K, Abazeed M, Upadhyay SK, Balk SP, Taplin ME, Auchus RJ, Sharifi N (May 2016). "Redirecting abiraterone metabolism to fine-tune prostate cancer anti-androgen therapy" (PDF). Nature. 533 (7604): 547–51. Bibcode:2016Natur.533..547L. doi:10.1038/nature17954. PMC 5111629. PMID 27225130.
  2. ^ a b c Obst JK, Sadar MD (2016). "Directing abiraterone metabolism: balancing the scales between clinical relevance and experimental observation". Translational Cancer Research. 3 (5): S529–S531. doi:10.21037/tcr.2016.07.35. PMC 6388702. PMID 30815377.