3-Methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol

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3-Methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol
3-Methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol.svg
Names
IUPAC name
1-(4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl) ethane-1,2-diol
Other names
MHPG
Identifiers
67423-45-4 N
ChemSpider 10348 YesY
Jmol 3D model Interactive image
Interactive image
KEGG C05594 YesY
MeSH Methoxyhydroxyphenylglycol
PubChem 10805
Properties
C9H12O4
Molar mass 184.18918
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

3-Methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG, MOPEG) is a metabolite of norepinephrine degradation. In the brain, it is the principal norepinephrine metabolite. It is released into the blood and cerebrospinal fluid,[1] and a blood sample of it may therefore be an indication of recent sympathetic nervous system activity.

Low levels of MHPG in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid are associated with anorexia nervosa and pathological gambling, indicating that norepinephrine may play a role in these behaviors.[2]

Norepinephrine degradation. 3-Methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol is shown at right. Enzymes are shown in boxes.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Increase in cerebrospinal fluid and plasma levels of 3-methoxy-4- hydroxyphenylglycol in acute stroke T Kanda, K Azuma, F Sakai and Y Tazaki. Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Kitasato University, Sagamihara, Japan.
  2. ^ "Pharmacologic Approaches to the Treatment of Pathological Gambling". Mental Health eJournal. 1998;3(3). Medscape. 
  3. ^ Figure 11-4 in: Rod Flower; Humphrey P. Rang; Maureen M. Dale; Ritter, James M. (2007). Rang & Dale's pharmacology. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. ISBN 0-443-06911-5.