3-Methyl-3-pentanol

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3-Methyl-3-pentanol[1]
3-Methyl-3-pentanol.svg
Names
IUPAC name
3-Methyl-3-pentanol
Other names
3-Methylpentan-3-ol, diethyl carbinol
Identifiers
77-74-7 N=
ChEMBL ChEMBL506184 YesY
ChemSpider 6248 YesY
Jmol 3D model Interactive image
Properties
C6H14O
Molar mass 102.174 g/mol
Appearance colorless liquid
Odor fruity
Density 0.8286 g/cm3 at 20 °C
Melting point −23.6 °C (−10.5 °F; 249.6 K)
Boiling point 122.4 °C (252.3 °F; 395.5 K)
45 g/L
Solubility miscible with ethanol, diethyl ether
Thermochemistry
293.4 J·mol−1·K−1 (liquid)
Hazards
Safety data sheet http://www.sciencelab.com/msds.php?msdsId=9926087
Related compounds
Related compounds
Hexanol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

3-Methyl-3-pentanol (IUPAC name) is an organic chemical compound and a tertiary hexanol. It is used in the synthesis of the tranquilizer emylcamate.[2]

Synthesis[edit]

It can be prepared by reacting ethylmagnesium bromide with ethyl acetate in the so called Grignard reaction using dried diethyl ether or tetrahydrofuran as solvent.

3-Methyl-3-pentanol chemical equation.png

It can be prepared also by reacting ethylmagnesium bromide with butanone in the same conditions already mentioned.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lide, David R. (1998), Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87 ed.), Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 3–400, 5–47, 8–106, ISBN 0-8493-0594-2 
  2. ^ Sittig, Marshall (1988), Pharmaceutical manufacturing encyclopedia 2 (2 ed.), William Andrew, pp. 555–556, ISBN 978-0-8155-1144-1, retrieved 2010-01-22