3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (2-methylpropanoyl-transferring)
2-oxoisovalerate dehydrogenase heterotetramer, Human
EC number1.2.4.4
CAS number9082-72-8
IntEnzIntEnz view
ExPASyNiceZyme view
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate dehydrogenase (EC is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate + [dihydrolipoyllysine-residue (2-methylpropanoyl)transferase] lipoyllysine [dihydrolipoyllysine-residue (2-methylpropanoyl)transferase] S-(2-methylpropanoyl)dihydrolipoyllysine + CO2

The 3 substrates of this enzyme are 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate, dihydrolipoyllysine-residue (2-methylpropanoyl)transferase, and lipoyllysine, whereas its 3 products are dihydrolipoyllysine-residue (2-methylpropanoyl)transferase, S-(2-methylpropanoyl)dihydrolipoyllysine, and CO2.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on the aldehyde or oxo group of donor with a disulfide as acceptor.

This enzyme participates in valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation. It employs one cofactor, thiamin diphosphate.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, twenty-nine structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1DTW, 1OLS, 1OLU, 1OLX, 1U5B, 1UM9, 1UMB, 1UMC, 1UMD, 1V11, 1V16, 1V1M, 1V1R, 1WCI, 1X7W, 1X7X, 1X7Y, 1X7Z, 1X80, 2BEU, 2BEV, 2BEW, 2BFB, 2BFC, 2BFD, 2BFE, 2BFF, 2BP7, and 2J9F.


  • Bowden JA, Connelly JL (1968). "Branched chain alpha-keto acid metabolism. II. Evidence for the common identity of alpha-ketoisocaproic acid and alpha-keto-beta-methyl-valeric acid dehydrogenases". J. Biol. Chem. 243 (12): 3526–31. PMID 5656388.
  • Connelly JL, Danner DJ, Bowden JA (1968). "Branched chain alpha-keto acid metabolism. I. Isolation, purification, and partial characterization of bovine liver alpha-ketoisocaproic:alpha-keto-beta-methylvaleric acid dehydrogenase". J. Biol. Chem. 243 (6): 1198–203. PMID 5689906.
  • Danner DJ, Lemmon SK, Besharse JC, Elsas LJ II (1979). "Purification and characterization of branched chain alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase from bovine liver mitochondria". J. Biol. Chem. 254 (12): 5522–6. PMID 447664.
  • Pettit FH, Yeaman SJ, Reed LJ (1978). "Purification and characterization of branched chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complex of bovine kidney". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 75 (10): 4881–5. doi:10.1073/pnas.75.10.4881. PMC 336225. PMID 283398.
  • Perham RN (2000). "Swinging arms and swinging domains in multifunctional enzymes: catalytic machines for multistep reactions". Annu. Rev. Biochem. 69 (1): 961–1004. doi:10.1146/annurev.biochem.69.1.961. PMID 10966480.