3000 metres

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A women's indoor 3000 m race in Birmingham featuring Sentayehu Ejigu and Tirunesh Dibaba

The 3000 metres or 3000-meter run is a track running event, also commonly known as the 3K or 3K run, where 7.5 laps are completed around an outdoor 400 m track or 15 laps around a 200 m indoor track.

It is debated whether the 3000m should be classified as a middle distance or long distance event.[1] In elite level competition, 3000 m pace is more comparable to the pace found in the longer 5000 metres event, rather than Mile pace. The world record performance for 3000 m equates to a pace of 58.76 seconds per 400 m, which is closer to the 60.58 seconds for 5000 m than the 55.46 seconds for the Mile. However, the 3000 m does require some anaerobic conditioning and an elite athlete needs to develop a high tolerance to lactic acid, as does the Mile runner. Thus, the 3000 m demands a balance of aerobic endurance needed for the 5000 m and lactic acid tolerance needed for the Mile.

In men's athletics, 3000 metres has been an Olympic discipline only as a team race at the 1912, 1920 and 1924 Summer Olympics. It has not been contested at any of the IAAF outdoor championships, but is occasionally hosted at annual elite track and field meetings. It is often featured in indoor track and field programmes and is the longest distance event present at the IAAF World Indoor Championships.

In women's athletics, 3000 metres was a standard event in the Olympic Games (1984 to 1992)[2] and World Championships (1980 to 1993).[3] The event was discontinued at World Championship and Olympic level after the 1993 World Championships in Athletics - Qu Yunxia being the final gold medal winner at the event. Starting with the 1995 World Championships in Athletics and the 1996 Olympic Games, it was replaced by 5000 metres, with other IAAF-organized championships following suit.

Skilled runners in this event reach speeds near vVO2max, for which the oxygen requirements of the body cannot continuously be satisfied,[4] requiring some anaerobic effort.

All-time top 25[edit]

The men's world record is 7:20.67 set by Daniel Komen of Kenya in 1996. Komen also holds the world indoor mark with 7:24.90 minutes set in 1998. The women's world record is 8:06.11 set by Wang Junxia of China in 1993. The world indoor women's record is 8:16.60 minutes, set by Ethiopian Genzebe Dibaba in 2014.

Medalists[edit]

Women's Olympic medalists[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1984 Los Angeles
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 Maricica Puică (ROU)  Wendy Smith-Sly (GBR)  Lynn Williams (CAN)
1988 Seoul
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 Tetyana Samolenko (URS)  Paula Ivan (ROU)  Yvonne Murray (GBR)
1992 Barcelona
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 Yelena Romanova (EUN)  Tetyana Dorovskikh (EUN)  Angela Chalmers (CAN)

Women's World Championships medalists[edit]

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1980 Sittard
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 Birgit Friedmann (FRG)  Karoline Nemetz (SWE)  Ingrid Kristiansen (NOR)
1983 Helsinki
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 Mary Decker (USA)  Brigitte Kraus (FRG)  Tatyana Kovalenko-Kazankina (URS)
1987 Rome
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 Tetyana Samolenko (URS)  Maricica Puică (ROU)  Ulrike Bruns (GDR)
1991 Tokyo
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 Tetyana Dorovskikh (URS)  Yelena Romanova (URS)  Susan Sirma (KEN)
1993 Stuttgart
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 Qu Yunxia (CHN)  Zhang Linli (CHN)  Zhang Lirong (CHN)

Men's World Indoor Championships medalists[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Paris[A]  João Campos (POR)  Don Clary (USA)  Ivan Uvizl (TCH)
1987 Indianapolis
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 Frank O'Mara (IRL)  Paul Donovan (IRL)  Terry Brahm (USA)
1989 Budapest
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 Saïd Aouita (MAR)  José Luis González (ESP)  Dieter Baumann (FRG)
1991 Seville
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 Frank O'Mara (IRL)  Hammou Boutayeb (MAR)  Robert Denmark (GBR)
1993 Toronto
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 Gennaro Di Napoli (ITA)  Éric Dubus (FRA)  Enrique Molina (ESP)
1995 Barcelona
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 Gennaro Di Napoli (ITA)  Anacleto Jiménez (ESP)  Brahim Jabbour (MAR)
1997 Paris
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 Haile Gebrselassie (ETH)  Paul Bitok (KEN)  Ismaïl Sghyr (MAR)
1999 Maebashi
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 Haile Gebrselassie (ETH)  Paul Bitok (KEN)  Million Wolde (ETH)
2001 Lisbon
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 Hicham El Guerrouj (MAR)  Mohammed Mourhit (BEL)  Alberto García (ESP)
2003 Birmingham
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 Haile Gebrselassie (ETH)  Alberto García (ESP)  Luke Kipkosgei (KEN)
2004 Budapest
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 Bernard Lagat (KEN)  Rui Silva (POR)  Markos Geneti (ETH)
2006 Moscow
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 Kenenisa Bekele (ETH)  Saif Saaeed Shaheen (QAT)  Eliud Kipchoge (KEN)
2008 Valencia
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 Tariku Bekele (ETH)  Paul Kipsiele Koech (KEN)  Abreham Cherkos (ETH)
2010 Doha
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 Bernard Lagat (USA)  Sergio Sánchez (ESP)  Sammy Alex Mutahi (KEN)
2012 Istanbul
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 Bernard Lagat (USA)  Augustine Kiprono Choge (KEN)  Edwin Soi (KEN)
2014 Sopot
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 Caleb Ndiku (KEN)  Bernard Lagat (USA)  Dejen Gebremeskel (ETH)
2016 Portland
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 Yomif Kejelcha (ETH)  Ryan Hill (USA)  Augustine Kiprono Choge (KEN)

Women's World Indoor Championships medalists[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1985 Paris[A]  Debbie Scott (CAN)  Agnese Possamai (ITA)  PattiSue Plumer (USA)
1987 Indianapolis
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 Tatyana Samolenko (URS)  Olga Bondarenko (URS)  Maricica Puică (ROU)
1989 Budapest
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 Elly van Hulst (NED)  Liz McColgan (GBR)  Margareta Keszeg (ROU)
1991 Seville
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 Marie-Pierre Duros (FRA)  Margareta Keszeg (ROU)  Lyubov Kremlyova (URS)
1993 Toronto
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 Yvonne Murray (GBR)  Margareta Keszeg (ROU)  Lynn Jennings (USA)
1995 Barcelona
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 Gabriela Szabo (ROU)  Lynn Jennings (USA)  Joan Nesbit (USA)
1997 Paris
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 Gabriela Szabo (ROU)  Sonia O'Sullivan (IRL)  Fernanda Ribeiro (POR)
1999 Maebashi
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 Gabriela Szabo (ROU)  Zahra Ouaziz (MAR)  Regina Jacobs (USA)
2001 Lisbon
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 Olga Yegorova (RUS)  Gabriela Szabo (ROU)  Yelena Zadorozhnaya (RUS)
2003 Birmingham
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 Berhane Adere (ETH)  Marta Domínguez (ESP)  Meseret Defar (ETH)
2004 Budapest
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 Meseret Defar (ETH)  Berhane Adere (ETH)  Shayne Culpepper (USA)
2006 Moscow
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 Meseret Defar (ETH)  Liliya Shobukhova (RUS)  Lidia Chojecka (POL)
2008 Valencia
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 Meseret Defar (ETH)  Meselech Melkamu (ETH)  Mariem Alaoui Selsouli (MAR)
2010 Doha
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 Meseret Defar (ETH)  Vivian Cheruiyot (KEN)  Sentayehu Ejigu (ETH)
2012 Istanbul
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 Hellen Obiri (KEN)  Meseret Defar (ETH)  Gelete Burka (ETH)
2014 Sopot
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 Genzebe Dibaba (ETH)  Hellen Obiri (KEN)  Maryam Yusuf Jamal (BHR)
2016 Portland
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 Genzebe Dibaba (ETH)  Meseret Defar (ETH)  Shannon Rowbury (USA)
  • A Known as the World Indoor Games

Season's bests[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Middle-distance running. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved on 2014-06-02.
  2. ^ Women's 3000 metres at the Olympic Games. Sport Reference. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  3. ^ World Championships in Athletics. GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  4. ^ Billat, Véronique L.; J. Pierre Koralsztein (Aug 1996). "Significance of the Velocity at VO2max and Time to Exhaustion at this Velocity" (PDF). Sports Med. 2: 90–108. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  5. ^ 3000 Metres - men - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  6. ^ 3000 Metres - men - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  7. ^ 3000 Metres - women - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  8. ^ 3000 Metres - women - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  9. ^ "3000m Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 27 August 2016. Retrieved 27 August 2016. 
  10. ^ "3000m Results". IAAF. 14 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015. 
  11. ^ "Laura Muir smashes European 3000m record in Karlsruhe". athleticsweekly.com. 4 February 2017. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  12. ^ "3000m Results" (PDF). British Athletics. 18 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  13. ^ "3000m Results" (PDF). British Athletics. 18 February 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017.