306th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

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306th Infantry Brigade
Active Formed 22 January 1945
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Type Infantry Brigade
Role Lines of Communication
Part of 21st Army Group

306th Infantry Brigade (306 Bde) was a British Army formation organised towards the end of World War II from surplus Royal Artillery (RA) personnel who had been retrained as infantry.

Origin[edit]

By the end of 1944, 21st Army Group was suffering a severe manpower shortage, particularly among the infantry.[1] At the same time, the German Luftwaffe was suffering from such shortages of pilots, aircraft and fuel that serious aerial attacks on the United Kingdom could be discounted. In January 1945, the War Office began to reorganise surplus anti-aircraft and coastal artillery regiments in the UK into infantry battalions, primarily for lines of communication and occupation duties in North West Europe, thereby releasing trained infantry for frontline service.[2][3] 306th was one of seven brigades formed from these new units.[4][5]

Composition[edit]

306th Infantry Brigade was formed on 22 January 1945 by the conversion of Headquarters 55th Light AA Bde, which was part of 2 Anti-Aircraft Group. It was commanded by Brigadier W.R. Harvey and comprised the following Territorial Army RA units:[4][5][6]

Service[edit]

After infantry training, including a short period attached to Southern Command, 306 Bde came under the orders of 21st Army Group on 4 May 1945, and landed on the Continent three days later.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ellis, pp. 141–2.
  2. ^ Ellis, pp. 369, 380.
  3. ^ "RA 1939–45 Infantry Regts Index". Ra39-45.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Joslen, pp. 402–3.
  5. ^ a b "RA 1939-45 45 306 Infantry Brigade". Ra39-45.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  6. ^ Ellis, Appendix IV, p. 369.
  7. ^ "RA 1939-1945 623 Infantry Regt". Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved September 30, 2012. 
  8. ^ "RA 1939-45 128 LAA". Ra39-45.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  9. ^ "RA 1939-45 628 Infantry Rgt". blueyonder.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  10. ^ "RA 1939-45 82 LAA". blueyonder.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  11. ^ "RA 1939-45 87 SL Rgt". blueyonder.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  12. ^ a b c d e Joslen, p. 463.
  13. ^ a b c d e Ellis, Appendix IV, p. 380.
  14. ^ "RA 1939-45 636 Infantry Rgt". blueyonder.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2012-07-17. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  15. ^ "RA 1939-45 48 SL Rgt". blueyonder.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-10-22. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  16. ^ "5 Anti-Aircraft Division" (PDF). britishmilitaryhistory.co.uk. Retrieved 1 June 2016. 
  17. ^ Litchfield, p. 97.
  18. ^ "RA 1939-1945 626 Infantry Regt". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved September 30, 2012. 
  19. ^ "97 Light AA Regiment RA(TA)". The Royal Artillery: 1939-1945. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  20. ^ "601 Regiment RA(TA)". The Royal Artillery: 1939-1945. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  21. ^ "RA 1939-45 49 Garrison Rgt". Ra39-45.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  22. ^ "RA 1939-45 49 SL Rgt". Ra39-45.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  23. ^ "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". Web.archive.org. 2006-01-05. Archived from the original on 2006-01-05. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  24. ^ "RA 1939-45 608 Infantry Rgt". blueyonder.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  25. ^ "RA 1939-45 67 Garrison Rgt". blueyonder.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  26. ^ "RA 1939-45 65 SL Rgt". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved September 30, 2012. 
  27. ^ "Internet Archive Wayback Machine page". Web.archive.org. 2006-01-17. Archived from the original on 2006-01-17. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  28. ^ "RA 1939-45 612 Infantry Rgt". Ra39-45.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2014-12-19. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  29. ^ "RA 1939-45 61 Garrison Rgt". Ra39-45.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2014-12-19. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  30. ^ "RA 1939-45 61 SL Rgt". Ra39-45.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2009-01-07. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  31. ^ Mullaly, p. 376.

References[edit]

  • Major L. F. Ellis, "History of the Second World War: United Kingdom Military Series: Victory in the West", Volume II: "The Defeat of Germany", London: HMSO, 1968/Uckfield: Naval & Military, 2004, ISBN 1-84574-059-9.
  • Lt-Col H. F. Joslen, Orders of Battle, United Kingdom and Colonial Formations and Units in the Second World War, 1939–1945, London: HM Stationery Office, 1960/Uckfield: Naval & Military, 2003, ISBN 1-84342-474-6.
  • Norman E. H. Litchfield, The Territorial Artillery 1908–1988 (Their Lineage, Uniforms and Badges), Nottingham: Sherwood Press, 1992, ISBN 0-9508205-2-0.
  • Col B.R. Mullaly, The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers), Bristol: White Swan Press, 1955.

External links[edit]