30 mm caliber

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30×173mm rounds
30 mm rounds

The 30 mm caliber is a specific size of autocannon ammunition. Such ammunition includes NATO standard 30×113mmB, 30×173mm (STANAG 4624), and 35x228mm NATO rounds, Soviet 30×165mm, 30x210mmB, and 37×250mm, Yugoslavian 30x192mm, Czechoslovakian 30x210mmCz, and NATO 35x228mm rounds which are widely used around the world.

Usage[edit]

The depleted uranium penetrator of a 30×173mm round used in the GAU-8

30 mm ammunition is typically not used against personnel, but rather as an anti-materiel or armor-piercing round. Rounds of this size can be effective against armored vehicles as well as fortified bunkers.

The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation use their 30 mm weapons in a variety of vehicles, including the Su-25 attack aircraft, Mi-24 helicopter, Mi-28 attack helicopter, Ka-50 attack helicopter, and the BMP-2, BMP-3, and BTR-90 infantry fighting vehicles. The most modern anti-aircraft gun systems in use by Russia are 30 mm. The U.S. military uses 30 mm weapons in their A-10 Thunderbolt II and AH-64 Apache helicopter. It was going to be used in the Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle until the project was cancelled.

Types of 30 mm ammunition[edit]

30 mm ammunition generally comes in three varieties: armor-piercing (AP), high-explosive (HE), and training rounds. Armor-piercing and high-explosive cartridges usually also possess incendiary characteristics.

Examples of weapons using 30 mm ammunition[edit]

30×113mm rounds being loaded into an AH-64D Apache Longbow
Soviet 30×165 mm.
Size comparison between 30x170mm RARDEN AFV round and 5.56x45mm NATO

Historical weapons[edit]

Weapon Country of origin Designer Cartridge Type Example platforms
MK 108  Nazi Germany Rheinmetall-Borsig 30×90RB Machine cannon Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-6, Messerschmitt Bf 110 G-2,
Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-8/R2, Messerschmitt Me 262
Type 2  Japanese Empire Dai-Nippon Weapons Co., Ltd. 30×92mmRB Blowback autocannon Mitsubishi J2M (prototype)
Ho-155  Japanese Empire Nagoya Arsenal 30×114mm Autocannon Nakajima Ki-84-I Hei,
Kawasaki Ki-102c Hei
Type 5  Japanese Empire Nihon Tokushuko 30×122mm Autocannon Yokosuka P1Y, Kyushu J7W,
Mitsubishi J2M (planned)
NR-30  Soviet Union A.E. Nudelman and A.A. Rikhter 30×155mmB Autocannon MiG-19, MiG-21, Sukhoi Su-7,
Sukhoi Su-17
MK 101  Nazi Germany Rheinmetall-Borsig 30×184mmB Machine cannon Henschel Hs 129,
Heinkel He 177A-1/U2 (experimental)
MK 103  Nazi Germany Rheinmetall-Borsig Electrically-driven machine cannon Focke-Wulf Fw 190,
Flakpanzer IV Kugelblitz

Current weapons[edit]

Weapon Country of origin Designer Cartridge Type Example platforms
M230  United States Hughes 30×113mmB Chain gun Boeing AH-64 Apache, Oshkosh M-ATV
ADEN  United Kingdom Royal Small Arms Factory Revolver cannon English Electric Lightning,
Hawker Hunter, Saab Draken, SEPECAT Jaguar
DEFA 550 series  France Direction des Études et Fabrications d'Armement Revolver cannon Dassault Mystere, Mirage series, Étendard series, SEPECAT Jaguar,
Fiat G.91, AMX International AMX
30 M 781  France GIAT Revolver cannon Eurocopter Tiger
XM188  United States General Electric Rotary cannon Bell AH-1 Cobra (prototype)
30M791  France Nexter 30×150mmB Revolver cannon Dassault Rafale
GSh-30-1  Russia Gryazev-Shipunov 30×165mm Short recoil autocannon Sukhoi Su-27, Sukhoi Su-57, MiG-29
GSh-30-2  Russia Gryazev-Shipunov Twin autocannon Sukhoi Su-25, Mil Mi-24P
GSh-6-30  Russia Gryazev-Shipunov Rotary cannon MiG-27, Kortik CIWS
AK-630  Russia TsKIB SOO Rotary cannon A-213-Vympel-A CIWS
2A42/2A72  Russia KBP Instrument Design Bureau Autocannon BMP series, BMD series, BTR-80, Kurganets-25, T-15 Armata, Mil Mi-28, Kamov Ka-50
2A38  Russia KBP Instrument Design Bureau Twin anti-aircraft autocannon 2K22 Tunguska, Pantsir-S
CRN 91  India Ordnance Factory Medak Light naval gun Trinkat-class patrol vessel, Kumbhir-class landing ship,
Car Nicobar-class fast attack craft
L21A1 RARDEN  United Kingdom Royal Armament Research and Development Establishment/
Royal Small Arms Factory, Enfield
30×170mm Long recoil autocannon FV721 Fox, FV107 Scimitar,
FV510 Warrior
KCB   Switzerland Oerlikon 30×173mm (STANAG 4624) Ship-protection system DS30B rapid fire cannon
KCA   Switzerland Oerlikon Revolver cannon Saab 37 Viggen
GAU-8 Avenger  United States General Electric Gatling gun Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II, Signaal Goalkeeper CIWS
Mk44 Bushmaster II  United States Alliant Techsystems Chain gun KTO Rosomak, CV9030,
M1296 Stryker Dragoon, Lockheed AC-130J, Hateruma-class patrol vessel
Mk30  Germany Rheinmetall Automatic cannon Boxer CRV, ASCOD, SPz Puma,
30 mm/82 Compact
Type 730/1130  China 713th Research Institute Gatling gun Type 052C destroyer,
Type 001A aircraft carrier, LD-2000
EMAK 30  South Africa Denel Land Systems Linkless cam gun Badger
Maadi Griffin  United States Robert Stewart Prototype anti-materiel rifle Maadi Griffin
NN-30  Russia Tulamashzavod 30×210mmB Twin revolver cannon AK-230 light naval gun/CIWS
vz.53/59  Czechoslovakia Praga Hostivař 30×210mmCz Twin anti-aircraft autocannon M53/59 Praga
RMK30  Germany Mauser 30×250mm Caseless Recoilless revolver cannon Wiesel AWC (experimental),
Eurocopter Tiger UH (experimental)
35/1000   Switzerland Oerlikon Contraves 35×228mm Revolver gun GDM-008 Millennium Gun CIWS, Oerlikon Skyshield/Skyranger
35DPG  South Africa Denel Land Systems Dual-purpose gun (CIWS/anti-boat defense) Valour-class frigate
GDF-001   Switzerland Oerlikon Contraves Anti-aircraft autocannon Flakpanzer Gepard, Type 87 SPAAG, PZA Loara
T250  United States Springfield Armory 37x219mmSR Anti-aircraft gatling gun T249 Vigilante

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]