Jump to navigation Jump to search
- 1 Events
- 1.1 AD 30
- 1.2 AD 31
- 1.3 AD 32
- 1.4 AD 33
- 1.5 AD 34
- 1.6 AD 35
- 1.7 AD 36
- 1.8 AD 37
- 1.9 AD 38
- 1.10 AD 39
- 2 Significant people
- 3 Births
- 4 Deaths
- 5 References
- Agrippina the Elder (the wife of Germanicus) and two of her sons, Nero Julius Caesar and Drusus Caesar are arrested and exileed on orders of Lucius Aelius Sejanus (the prefect of the Praetorian Guard), and later starved to death in suspicious circumstances. In Sejanus's purge of Agrippina the Elder and her family, Caligula and her three daughters, Agrippina the Younger, Julia Drusilla and Julia Livilla are the only survivors.
- Phaedrus translates Aesop's fables, and composes some of his own.
- Velleius Paterculus writes the general history of the countries known in Antiquity.
- Lucius Aelius Sejanus is named co-Consul to Emperor Tiberius. However, Tiberius becomes aware of Sejanus' treachery and has him arrested and executed.
- April 6 (Good Friday) – Crucifixion of Jesus (according to one dating scheme).
- Naevius Sutorius Macro becomes the leader of the Praetorian Guard after Sejanus is executed.
- Tiberius returns to Rome from Capri.
- Symbolic interpretation of the OT by Philo (Allegory).
- Servius Sulpicius Galba is a Roman Consul.
- Emperor Tiberius founds a credit bank in Rome.
- A financial crisis hits Rome, due to poorly chosen fiscal policies. Land values plummet, and credit is increased. These actions lead to a lack of money, a crisis of confidence, and much land speculation. The primary victims are senators, knights and the wealthy. Many aristocratic families are ruined.
- Although the usurpation of Wang Mang and the Chimei Rebellion are behind him, Emperor Guangwu now faces a new threat to the Han Dynasty: the Rebellion of Gongsun Shu in the Sichuan province. Gongsun's naval forces are unsuccessful against Han General Cen Peng, so Gongsun decides to fortify his position by blockading the entire Yangtze River with a large floating pontoon bridge, complete with floating fortified posts. He erects forts on both banks of the river for further missile fire and protects his barrier with a large boom. After Cen Peng is unable to break through, he constructs several "castle ships" with high ramparts and ramming vessels known as "colliding swoopers", which break through Gongsun's lines and allow Cen to quell his rebellion. Gongsun Shu is totally defeated three years later.
- Paullus Fabius Persicus and Lucius Vitellius become Roman consuls.
- Construction of the Roman aqueduct the Pont du Gard, running for 50 km ending at Nîmes (approximate date).
- Naevius Sutorius Macro gains favour in the Roman Empire by prostituting his wife Ennia Thrasylla to Caligula.
- Saul of Tarsus, on the road of Damascus, is converted to Christianity, and becomes Paul the Apostle.
- Paul the Apostle and Barnabas start preaching the gospel to the Gentiles.
- Roman intervention in Armenia (AD 34–37).
- The original inhabitants of Dacia revolt against the Sarmatian tribe of Iazyges who had enslaved them.
- December 25 – Wu Han commands the forces of Emperor Guang Wu of the Eastern Han to conquer the separatist Chengjia empire, reuniting China.
- Pontius Pilate is recalled to Rome after putting down a Samaritan uprising.
- Lucius Vitellius defeats Artabanus III of Parthia in support of another clamaint to the throne, Tiridates III.
- Herod Antipas suffers major losses in a war with Aretas IV of Nabatea, provoked partly by Antipas' divorce of Aretas' daughter. According to Josephus, Herod's defeat was popularly believed to be divine punishment for his execution of John the Baptist. Emperor Tiberius orders his governor of Syria, Vitellius, to capture or kill Aretas, but he is reluctant to support Herod and abandons his campaign upon Tiberius' death in AD 37.
- Marcellus becomes governor of Judaea and Samaria.
- March 18 – The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius's will and proclaims Caligula Roman Emperor, nullifying the joint claim of Tiberius Gemellus. Caligula's attempt to have himself deified creates friction between himself and the Senate.
- April 9 – An earthquake destroys Antioch.
- Abilene is granted to Agrippa I.
- Saint Peter founds the Church of Antioch (traditional date).
- Probable year of the conversion of the Pharisee Saul of Tarsus to Christianity after a vision. After 39 he is recognised as Saint Paul.
- Probable year of the marriage of Claudius and Messalina.
- Apion heads a deputation to Caligula to complain about the Jews in Alexandria.
- Anti-Jewish riot breaks out in Alexandria during a visit by Agrippa I: the mob wants to place statues of Caligula in every synagogue.
Arts and sciences
- Tigellinus, minister and favorite of the later Roman emperor Nero, is banished for adultery with Caligula's sisters.
- Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (Caligula) and Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo become Roman consuls.
- Domitius Afer secures a consulship. Caligula orders a floating bridge to be built using ships as pontoons, stretching for two miles from Baiae to the neighboring port of Puteoli.
- Agrippa I, king of Judaea, successfully accuses Herod Antipas, tetrarch of Galilee and Perea, of conspiracy against Caligula. Antipas is exiled and Agrippa receives his territory.
- Legio XV Primigenia and XXII Primigenia are levied by Caligula for the German frontier.
- Caligula's campaign into Germany is stopped by a conspiracy led by Cassius Chaerea. Even though he never even reaches Germany, Caligula proclaims himself victorious and orders a Triumph.
- Caligula orders that a statue of himself be placed in the temple in Jerusalem. The governor of Syria, Publius Petronius, who is responsible for erecting the statue, faces mass demonstrations by Jews of the region and manages to delay construction of the statue until the death of Caligula in AD 41.
- Philo leads a Jewish delegation to Rome to protest the anti-Jewish conditions in Alexandria.
- Guangwu, Emperor of China (25-57)
- Pharasmanes I, King of Caucasian Iberia (1-58)
- Feradach Finnfechtnach, Legendary High King of Ireland (14-36)
- Fíatach Finn, Legendary High King of Ireland (36-39)
- Fíachu Finnolach, Legendary High King of Ireland (39-56)
- Suinin, Legendary Emperor of Japan (29 BC–AD 70)
- Heraios, Yuezhi Tribal leader of the Kushans (c.1-30)
- Kujula Kadphises, King (and founder) of the Kushan Empire (30-80)
- Abgar V of Edessa, King of Osroene (4 BC–AD 7, 13–50)
- Artabanus III, King of the Parthian Empire (10-35, 36-40)
- Tiridates III, King of the Parthian Empire (35-36)
- Tiberius, Roman Emperor (AD 14–37)
- Gaius Caesar Germanicus/Caligula, Roman Emperor (AD 37–41)
- Claudius, statesman, Consul, and future Roman Emperor, in office (as Consul) 37
- Jesus Christ, founding figure of Christianity, (ca. 4 BC–ca. AD 33)
- Andrew the Apostle, Apostle and first Bishop of Byzantium (c. AD 38)
- Mark the Evangelist, Apostle and first Coptic Pope of Alexandria (c.43-68)
- Paul the Apostle, Apostle and Theologian (c.5-64)
- Saint Peter, Apostle and first Bishop of Rome (c.30-c.64)
- Thomas the Apostle, Apostle and first Patriarch of the East (c.33-c.72)
- Yuri, King of Silla (24-57)
- November 8 – Nerva, Roman emperor (d. AD 98)
- Jia Kui, Chinese Confucian philosopher (d. AD 101)
- Mobon of Goguryeo, Korean king (d. AD 53)
- Poppaea Sabina, second wife of Nero (d. AD 65)
- Quintus Petillius Cerialis, Roman general
- April 28 – Marcus Salvius Otho, Roman emperor (d. AD 69)
- Ban Chao, Chinese general and diplomat (d. 102)
- Ban Gu, Chinese historian and politician (d. AD 92)
- Gaius Rubellius Plautus, son of Gaius Rubellius Blandus and Julia Livia (granddaughter of Tiberius) (d. AD 62)
- December 4 – Aulus Persius Flaccus, Roman poet (d. AD 62)
- Mariamne, daughter of Herod Agrippa I (approximate date)
- Zhang Daoling, Chinese Taoist master (d. 156)
- Decimus Valerius Asiaticus, Roman senator and governor
- Gaius Nymphidius Sabinus, Roman prefect (approximate date)
- Marcus Fabius Quintilianus, Roman rhetorician (approximate date)
- Quintus Junius Arulenus Rusticus, Roman senator (d. AD 93)
- Statilia Messalina, Roman empress and wife of Nero (approximate date)
- Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus, deputy Roman emperor (d. AD 69)
- Marcus Valerius Martialis, Latin epigrammatist (born sometime between this year and AD 41)
- April 7 – Jesus of Nazareth, (possible date of the crucifixion) (born circa 4 BC) The other possible date also supported by scholarly consensus among a survey of 100 published scholarly biblical statements is April 3, AD 33.
- Shammai, Jewish Talmudic scholar (b. 50 BC)
- October 18 – Lucius Aelius Sejanus, Roman prefect and advisor (b. 20 BC)
- Claudia Livia Julia, niece and daughter-in-law of Tiberius (b. 13 BC)
- Marcus Velleius Paterculus, Roman historian and writer (b. c. 19 BC)
- Nero Julius Caesar Germanicus, grandson and heir of Tiberius (b. AD 6)
- Cassius Severus, Roman rhetor and writer
- Decimus Haterius Agrippa, Roman consul
- Lucius Calpurnius Piso, Roman consul (b. 48 BC)
- John the Baptist, religious figure in Christianity, Islam, and other Abrahamic religions (b. early 1st century BC)
- April 3 – Jesus of Nazareth, (possible date of the crucifixion) (b. c. 4 BC) The other possible date supported by a number of scholars is April 7, AD 30.
- Agrippina the Elder, daughter of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, wife of Germanicus (suicide by starvation; b. c. 14 BC)
- Drusus Caesar, son of Germanicus and Agrippina the Elder, adoptive son of Tiberius (starvation; b. AD 8)
- Gaius Asinius Gallus, widower of Vipsania Agrippina and alleged lover of Agrippina the elder (starvation)
- Lucius Aelius Larnia, Roman consul, governor and praefectus urbi in Rome (natural causes; b. c. 45 BC)
- Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, Roman consul and father-in-law of Drusus Caesar (natural causes; b. c. 30 BC)
- Marcus Cocceius Nerva, Roman jurist (suicide by starvation; b. c. 5 BC)
- Munatia Plancina, wife of Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso (suicide)
- Artaxias III, Roman client king of Armenia (b. 13 BC)
- Stephen, Jewish martyr of Christianity (stoned to death)
- Philip the Tetrarch, Jewish ruler of Batanaea
- Sextia, wife of Mamercus Aemilius Scaurus
- Arsaces I (or Arshak I), Roman client king of Armenia
- Epaticcus, British prince of the Catuvellauni (approximate date)
- Gaius Poppaeus Sabinus, Roman statesman and consul
- Lucius Fulcinius Trio, Roman senator and suffect consul
- December 24 – Gongsun Shu, Chinese emperor of Chengjia
- Gaius Sulpicius Galba, Roman senator and consul
- Thrasyllus of Mendes, Greek grammarian and astronomer
- Vibulenus Agrippa, Roman nobleman and knight (eques)
- March 16 – Tiberius, Roman Emperor. (b. 42 BC)
- Antonia Minor, daughter of Mark Antony and Octavia Minor; grandmother of Caligula (b. 36 BC)
- Marbod, king of the Marcomanni (b. c. 30 BC)
- June 10 – Julia Drusilla, sister of Caligula (b. AD 16)
- Saint Andrew, apostle
- Naevius Sutorius Macro, commander of the Roman Praetorian Guard (b. 21 BC)
- Du Shi, Chinese engineer and statesman
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 30s.|
- Suetonius, The Lives of Twelve Caesars, Life of Toberius, pp. 53–54.
- "Phaedrus Biography - eNotes.com". eNotes. Retrieved 2018-01-11.
- Humphreys, Colin J. (2011). The Mystery of the Last Supper. Cambridge University Press. pp. 77 and 189. ISBN 978-0521732000.
- "Last Supper 'was on a Wednesday'". April 18, 2011 – via www.bbc.com.
- Bunson, Matthew (2002). Encyclopedia of the Roman Empire (2nd ed.). Infobase Publishing. p. 226. ISBN 978-0-8160-4562-4.
- Harris, W. V. (2011). Rome's Imperial Economy: Twelve Essays. Oxford University Press. p. 238. ISBN 978-0-19-959516-7.
- de Crespigny, Rafe (2006). A Biographical Dictionary of Later Han to the Three Kingdoms (23–220 AD). BRILL. p. 270. ISBN 978-90-474-1184-0.
- Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 18.113–126; Bruce, F. F. (1963–1965). "Herod Antipas, Tetrarch of Galilee and Peraea" (PDF). Annual of Leeds University Oriental Society. 5: 6–23, pp. 17–18. Retrieved 2007-10-21.
- Bowman, Alan K.; Champlin, Edward; Lintott, Andrew (1996). The Cambridge ancient history: The Augustan Empire, 43 B.C.–A.D. 69. Cambridge University Press. p. 221. ISBN 978-0-521-26430-3.
- Downey, Glanville (1961). A history of Antioch in Syria: from Seleucus to the Arab conquest. Princeton University Press. p. 190.
- Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews 18.247–252; Bruce, F. F. (1963–1965). "Herod Antipas, Tetrarch of Galilee and Peraea" (PDF). Annual of Leeds University Oriental Society. 5: 6–23, p. 21. Retrieved 2007-10-21.
- Johnson, Marguerite (2012). Boudicca. A&C Black. p. 13. ISBN 9781853997327.
- Tacitus, Annals, pp. 413
- Morgan, Julian (2002). Nero: Destroyer of Rome. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-8239-3596-3.
- Josephus, Flavius (2001). Mason, Steve (ed.). Flavius Josephus: translation and commentary. Brill. p. 9. ISBN 978-90-04-11793-8.
- "BBC - History - Historic Figures: Titus (39 AD - 81 AD)". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 7 April 2019.
- Colin J. Humphreys and W. G. Waddington, "Dating the Crucifixion ," Nature 306 (December 22/29, 1983), pp. 743-46. 
- Colin Humphreys, The Mystery of the Last Supper Cambridge University Press 2011 ISBN 978-0-521-73200-0, page 194
- Blinzler, J. Der Prozess Jesu, fourth edition, Regensburg, Pustet, 1969, pp101-126
- Colin Humphreys, The Mystery of the Last Supper Cambridge University Press 2011 ISBN 978-0-521-73200-0, pages 14 and 62
- Maier, P.L. (1968). "Sejanus, Pilate, and the Date of the Crucifixion". Church History. 37 (1): 3–13. doi:10.2307/3163182. JSTOR 3163182.
- Fotheringham, J.K. (1934). "The evidence of astronomy and technical chronology for the date of the crucifixion". Journal of Theological Studies. 35 (138): 146–162. doi:10.1093/jts/os-XXXV.138.146.
- Rainer Riesner, Paul's Early Period: Chronology, Mission Strategy, Theology (Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1998), page 58.
- Salisbury, Joyce E. (2001). Encyclopedia of women in the ancient world. ABC-CLIO. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-57607-092-5.
- Fantham, Elaine (2006). Julia Augusti: The Emperor's Daughter. Taylor & Francis. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-415-33145-6.
- Bunson, Matthew (2002). Encyclopedia of the Roman Empire (2nd ed.). Infobase Publishing. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-8160-4562-4.
- Hazel, John (2002). Who's who in the Roman world (2nd ed.). Routledge. p. 166. ISBN 978-0-415-29162-0.
- Kokkinos, Nikos (1992). Antonia Augusta: portrait of a great Roman lady. Routledge. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-415-08029-3.