30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot

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30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot
Badge of the 30th (Cambridgshire) Regiment of Foot
Country Kingdom of England (1702-1707)

 Kingdom of Great Britain (1707-1801)

 United Kingdom (1801-1881)
Branch British Army
TypeLine infantry
Garrison/HQBurnley Barracks, Burnley
Nickname(s)The Triple X's
ColorsPale yellow facings
EngagementsCapture of Gibraltar
French campaign in Egypt and Syria
Peninsular War
Napoleonic Wars
Crimean War

The 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot was an infantry regiment of the British Army, raised in 1702. Under the Childers Reforms it amalgamated with the 59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot to form the East Lancashire Regiment in 1881.

Soldier of the 30th Foot in 1742



The regiment was originally raised in Lincolnshire by Viscount Castleton as Lord Castleton's Regiment of Foot in 1689, during the Nine Years' War. In 1691 travelled to Flanders. In 1694 the colonelcy of the unit changed and it became Colonel Thomas Sanderson's Regiment of Foot.[1] With the signing of the Treaty of Ryswick in 1697 the war came to an end. Sanderson's Regiment returned to England, where it was disbanded on 4 March 1698.[2][3][4]

By 1702 England was involved in the European conflict which became known as the War of the Spanish Succession. Sanderson was commissioned to reform his regiment as marines.[4] In February 1702 Thomas Sanderson's Regiment of Marines (or the 1st Regiment of Marines) was reraised in Lincolnshire.[2] The unit took part in the capture and defence of Gibraltar in July 1704.[5] It subsequently took part in the campaign led by the Earl of Peterborough and was involved in the capture of Barcelona in September 1705.[6] The regiment's title changed with the name of its colonel: Thomas Pownall (1704–1705) and Charles Wills (from 1705).[1]

War of the Austrian Succession[edit]

In 1714 the regiment was converted to conventional infantry as Charles Willis's Regiment of Foot[1] and deployed to Ireland later that year.[7] The regiment was sent to Menorca on garrison duty in 1724[7] and was again in Gibraltar during the siege of 1727.[8] The regiment served in Ireland again from 1732 to 1743[9] and then sailed with the expedition under General James St Clair to capture the Breton port of Lorient in September 1746 during the War of the Austrian Succession: they also destroyed the French fortifications near Quiberon and returned to England.[10] Troops from the regiment served as marines again on board Lord Anson's fleet at the First Battle of Cape Finisterre in May 1747.[11] The regiment was sent to Ireland again in 1749.[11]

Seven Years' War[edit]

On 1 July 1751 a royal warrant was issued declaring that in future regiments were no longer to be known by their colonel's name, but by the "Number or Rank of the Regiment". Accordingly, Colonel the Earl of Loudoun's Regiment was renamed as the 30th Regiment of Foot.[1] The warrant also for the first time regulated the uniform clothing of the army, and provided that the 30th should wear pale yellow facings on their red uniform coats.[12] The regiment returned to England in 1755[11] and took part in the Raid on Rochefort in September 1757,[13] the Raid on St Malo in June 1758[14] and the Raid on Cherbourg in August 1758[14] as well as the Battle of Saint Cast in September 1758 during the Seven Years' War.[15] Their most notable action during the war was the capture of Belle Île in June 1761.[16] The regiment served in Gibraltar again from 1763 to 1771[17] and in Ireland again from 1775 to 1781.[18]

American War of Independence[edit]

In 1781 the regiment embarked for North America where they arrived in Charleston to take part in the southern campaign of the American War of Independence.[18] The regiment then spent nine years on Antigua, Saint Lucia and Dominica.[3] In 1782 all regiments of the line without a royal title were given a county designation and the regiment became the 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot.[2] In 1791 the regiment was called to put down a rebellion by the Maroons.[19]

Coalition Wars[edit]

A French Imperial Eagle similar to that captured at the Battle of Salamanca in July 1812
The 2nd Battalion, 73rd and the 2nd Battalion, 30th Regiments of Foot at the Battle of Waterloo, June 1815, Joseph Cartwright

The regiment arrived back in England in 1791 and provided support to the French Royalists at the Siege of Toulon in autumn 1793 during the French Revolutionary Wars.[20] In March 1801 the regiment formed part of the expedition to Egypt to drive out the French occupying force[21] and took part in the Battle of Mandora[22] and then the Battle of Alexandria later that month.[23] The regiment returned to England in 1802 and formed a second battalion in the following year.[24] In January 1807 the 1st Battalion sailed for India where it remained throughout the war.[25]

The 2nd Battalion embarked for Portugal in March 1809 for service in the Peninsular War.[26] It fought at the Siege of Badajoz in March 1812: the battalion's losses were 6 officers including the commanding officer, Lieutenant Colonel George Grey, and 132 other ranks.[27] It also saw action at the Battle of Salamanca in July 1812;[28] at Salamanca Ensign John Pratt, a junior officer in the battalion, captured the French Imperial Eagle of the 22nd Regiment de Ligne.[29] It went on to fight at the Siege of Burgos in September 1812 before returning home in December 1812.[30] The battalion subsequently landed in Holland and fought at the Battle of Quatre Bras[31] and the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815.[32] At Waterloo the 2nd Battalion, 73rd (Perthshire) Regiment of Foot and the 2nd Battalion, 30th Regiment of Foot formed a defensive square to defend their ground against successive French attacks.[33]

By the beginning of 1816 the 2nd Battalion were once more in Ireland.[29] In April 1817 the order came for disbandment of the 2nd Battalion. Lieutenant Edward Macready wrote in his journal:

"This brave corps … will be remembered as long as the names of Fuentes de Onoro, Badajoz, Salamanca, Muriel, Quatre Bras and Waterloo are emblazoned in the highest pages of British achievement."[29]

The same year, the 1st Battalion, already in India, was involved in the Third Anglo-Maratha War before returning to England in 1829.[3] The regiment then served in Ireland from 1831 to 1834, in Bermuda from 1834 to 1841 and Nova Scotia from 1841 to 1843.[34] It was back in Ireland again from 1844 to 1846.[35]

The Victorian era[edit]

The regiment landed at Scutari in May 1854[36] and was present at the Battle of Alma in September 1854,[37] the Battle of Inkerman in November 1854[38] and the Siege of Sevastopol in winter 1854[39] during the Crimean War.[2][4] In June 1861 the regiment moved to Canada as Britain increased their military presence following the Trent Affair.[40] The regiment remained there until 1869, and was involved in repelling the Fenian raids.[41]


The regiment was posted to Ireland in 1869,[42] moving to Jersey in 1871.[43] As part of the Cardwell Reforms of the 1870s, where single-battalion regiments were linked together to share a single depot and recruiting district in the United Kingdom, the 30th was linked with the 59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot, and assigned to district no. 15 at Burnley Barracks in Lancashire.[43][44] It sailed for India in January 1880.[45] On 1 July 1881 the Childers Reforms came into effect and the regiment amalgamated with the 59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot to form the East Lancashire Regiment.[2]

Battle honours[edit]

The 30th Foot was granted the following battle honours and honorary distinctions to be borne on their colours. The year shown is the year of the award, not the action.[46]

Victoria Cross[edit]

Regimental Colonels[edit]

Colonels of the Regiment were:[1]

Thomas Saunderson's Regiment of Marines
30th Regiment of Foot - (1751)
30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot


  1. ^ a b c d e "30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 19 December 2007. Retrieved 7 September 2009.
  2. ^ a b c d e Swinson, p. 127
  3. ^ a b c "1st Bn., East Lancashire Regiment: Service". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 18 December 2007. Retrieved 7 September 2009.
  4. ^ a b c Rudolf, p. 197–200
  5. ^ Historical records, p. 10
  6. ^ Historical records, p. 18
  7. ^ a b Historical records, p. 26
  8. ^ Historical records, p. 27
  9. ^ Historical records, p. 28
  10. ^ Historical records, p. 29
  11. ^ a b c Historical records, p. 30
  12. ^ Edwards, p. 194–197
  13. ^ Historical records, p. 33
  14. ^ a b Historical records, p. 34
  15. ^ Historical records, p. 35
  16. ^ Historical records, p. 37
  17. ^ Historical records, p. 39
  18. ^ a b Historical records, p. 40
  19. ^ Historical records, p. 48
  20. ^ Historical records, p. 51
  21. ^ Historical records, p. 64
  22. ^ Historical records, p. 69
  23. ^ Historical records, p. 73
  24. ^ Historical records, p. 82
  25. ^ Historical records, p. 83
  26. ^ Historical records, p. 84
  27. ^ Historical records, p. 96
  28. ^ Historical records, p. 98
  29. ^ a b c "The 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment". Lancashire Infantry Museum. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
  30. ^ Historical records, p. 101
  31. ^ Historical records, p. 127
  32. ^ Historical records, p. 134
  33. ^ Historical records, p. 141
  34. ^ Historical records, p. 182
  35. ^ Historical records, p. 183
  36. ^ Historical records, p. 184
  37. ^ Historical records, p. 185
  38. ^ Historical records, p. 188
  39. ^ Historical records, p. 189
  40. ^ Historical records, p. 209
  41. ^ Historical records, p. 211
  42. ^ Historical records, p. 215
  43. ^ a b Historical records, p. 217
  44. ^ "Training Depots". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 10 February 2006. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  45. ^ Historical records, p. 222
  46. ^ Sumner, p. 26–28


Further reading[edit]

  • Bannatyne, Neil (1923). History of the Thirtieth Regiment: now the First Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment, 1689-1881. Liverpool: Littlebury Bros.