30th Chess Olympiad

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The 30th Chess Olympiad on a 1992 stamp of the Philippines, which also commemorates the World Chess Championship 1978 held in the country.

The 30th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open[1] and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between June 7 and June 25, 1992, at the Philippine International Convention Center in Manila, Philippines.

Following the fall of the Iron Curtain, the field of competitors was quite different from previous Olympiads. Twelve of the 15 former Soviet republics now competed as independent nations, and they all finished in the top half. Meanwhile, an all-German team was present for the first time since World War II. Of the former Yugoslav republics, Croatia, Bosnia, and Slovenia appeared independently; Serbia-Montenegro and Macedonia did not. This Olympiad also marked the final appearance of Czechoslovakia and the re-appearance of South Africa.

With the Soviet team a thing of the past, all three medal ranks were now occupied by different ex-Soviet teams. Russia, captained by world champion Kasparov, took up the illustrious legacy of their predecessor and won by four points. Uzbekistan's silver was a small surprise; the Armenian bronze less so.

Open event[edit]

One-hundred-two teams from 100 different nations played a 14-round Swiss system tournament. One-hundred-four teams were signed up, but Yemen and Kenya never showed up, both forfeited their first two matches and were subsequently eliminated. Once again, the host nation had the right to field two additional teams.

In the event of a draw, the tie-break was decided by 1. The Buchholz system; 2. Match points; and 3. The Sonneborn-Berger system.

Open event
# Country Players Average
rating
Points
1  Russia Kasparov, Khalifman, Dolmatov, Dreev, Kramnik, Vyzmanavin 2648 39
2  Uzbekistan Loginov, Serper, Nenashev, Zagrebelny, Saltaev, Iuldachev 2514 35
3  Armenia Vaganian, Akopian, Lputian, Minasian, Petrosian, Anastasian 2575 34½

Individual medals[edit]

Best game[edit]

The 'Best game' prize (along with 4,000 DM) went to Garry Kasparov (Russia) - Predrag Nikolić (Bosnia and Herzegovina) from round 13.

Women's results[edit]

Sixty-two teams from 61 different nations (including Philippines "B") played a 14-round Swiss system tournament. Morocco and Zimbabwe were signed up, but didn't show up for their first round matches and were disqualified. Their first three matches were listed as forfeit, after which they were officially withdrawn.

In the event of a draw, the tie-break was decided by 1. The Buchholz system; 2. Match points; and 3. The Sonneborn-Berger system.

Like the open event, the first women's tournament after the dissolution of the Soviet Union was dominated by the former Soviet republics. The Georgian team with two former world champions, Chiburdanidze and Gaprindashvili, took the gold, ahead of Ukraine and China, the latter led by reigning world champion Xie Jun. Defending champions Hungary, once again without any of the famous Polgar sisters, had to settle for fourth place.

# Country Players Average
rating
Points
1  Georgia Chiburdanidze, Gaprindashvili, Ioseliani, Gurieli 2460 30½
2  Ukraine Galliamova-Ivanchuk, Litinskaya, Chelushkina, Semenova 2373 29
3  China Xie Jun, Peng Zhaoqin, Wang Pin, Qin Kanying 2398 28½

Individual medals[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Although commonly referred to as the men's division, this section is open to both male and female players.

External links[edit]