|Tennessee Army National Guard|
|Branch||Army National Guard|
|Type||ARNG Headquarters Command|
|Part of||Tennessee Military Department|
|Civilian leadership||President Joe Biden|
Governor Bill Lee
(Governor of the State of Tennessee)
|State military leadership||Major General Jeff H. Holmes |
(Adjutant General, Tennessee Military Department)
Major General Michael “Trent” Scates
(Assistant Adjutant General, Army, Tennessee Military Department)
The Tennessee Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army and the United States National Guard. Nationwide, the Army National Guard comprises approximately one half of the US Army's available combat forces and approximately one third of its support organization. National coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau.
Tennessee Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same ranks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Tennessee Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Tennessee.
Current units include the following:
- 230th Sustainment Brigade
- 194th Engineer Brigade
- 30th Troop Command - moved from Smyrna to Tullahoma in 2004
- 117th Regiment Training Institute:
- 278th ACR
- Headquarters 278th Armored Cavalry Regiment at Knoxville
- Detachment 1 Battery A Regimental Fires Squadron 278th ACR at Pigeon Forge
- Headquarters and Headquarters Troop RTS, 278th ACR at Lebanon
- A Troop RTS, 278th ACR at Nashville
- C Troop RTS, 278th ACR at Dunlap
- Detachment 1, C Troop RTS, 278th ACR at Monteagle
- Detachment 2, C Troop RTS, 278th ACR at McKenzie
- B Battery Field Artillery Squadron, 278th ACR at Covington
- Regimental Support Squadron Headquarters, 278th ACR at Columbia
- Detachment 1, Troop F Support Squadron, 278th ACR at Parsons
- Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 1/278th ACR Henderson
- Troop A 1/278th ACR at Huntingdon
- Troop B 1/278th ACR at Clarksville
- Troop C 1/278th ACR at Milan
- Troop D 1/278th ACR at Ashland City
- Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 2/278th ACR at Cookeville
- Detachment 1, HHT, 2-278th ACR at Gallatin
- Troop E, 2/278th ACR at Jamestown
- Detachment 1, Troop E, 2/278th ACR at Livingston
- Troop F, 2/278th ACR at McMinnville
- Troop G, 2/278th ACR at Crossville
- Troop H, 2/278th ACR at Rockwood
- Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 3/278th ACR at Mount Carmel
- Troop K, 3/278th ACR AT Newport
- Troop L, 3/278th ACR at Greeneville
181st Field Artillery Regiment
- 181st Field Artillery Regiment
- Detachment 1 at Dayton
- Battery A at Lawrenceberg
- Battery B at Pulaski
- Detachment 1, Battery B at Fayetteville
- 117th Military Police Battalion at Athens
- Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 168th Military Police Battalion at Dyersburg
- 251st Military Police Company at Lexington
- Detachment 1, 251st Military Police Company (CS) at Bolivar
- 252nd Military Police Company at Cleveland
- Detachment 1, 252nd Military Police Company at Oneida
- 253rd Military Police Company (CS) at Lenoir city
- Detachment 1, 253rd Military Police Company (CS) at Bristol
- 268th Military Police Company at Ripley
- Detachment 1, 268th Military Police Company at Alamo
- 269th Military Police Company at Murfreesboro
473rd Brigade Support Battalion
- 473rd Brigade Support Battalion
- Company A at Lobelville
- Detachment 1, Company A at New Tazewell
- Detachment 1, Company E (FSC AR) at Gordonsville
- Company G, at Lewisburg
- Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 194th Engineer Brigade at Jackson
- Detachment 1, 190th Engineer Company, 230th Engineer Brigade at Jefferson City
- 212th Engineer Company at Paris
- Detachment 1, 212th Engineer Company at Camden
- 776th Maintenance Company at Elizabethon
- Detachment 1, 776th Maintenance Company at Mountain City
- 771st Maintenance Company at Centerville
- Detachment 1, 771st Maintenance Company at Hohenwald
- Detachment 1, 1176th Transportation Company at Jacksboro
- Detachment 1, 1175th Transportation Company (Het) at Brownsville
- 155th Signal Company at Memphis
- Battery A, 3rd Battalion, 115th Field Artillery Regiment at Maryville
- Detachment 1, Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 1st Squadron, 230th Cavalry Regiment at Louisville
- Troop A, 1st Squadron, 230th Cavalry Regiment at Jackson
- Company B, Special Troops Battalion (SIG) at Knoxville
- Detachment 1, 730th Quartermaster Company at Erwin
- 176th Combat Sustainment Support Battalion at Johnson City
- 30th Combat Sustainment Support Battalion at Humbolt
- Recruiting and Retention Battalion at Smyrna
- 129th Army Band at Nashville
- Company E, 278th Brigade Support Battalion at Lafayette
- Troop D, 278th Brigade Support Battalion at Clinton
Tennessee's 45th General Assembly in 1887 established the Tennessee National Guard, as it is known today. State lawmakers set up the basic conditions under which the force would operate. Tennessee was among the first states to offer her full quota of soldiers for the Spanish–American War. The equipped Tennessee Guard units were mobilized. Four regiments were created, but only the 1st and 4th Regiments deployed overseas. In World War I, the 30th Infantry Division was deployed overseas. Tennessee personnel made up the 117th Infantry Regiment, the 114th and 115th Field Artillery, and the 114th Machine Gun Battalion.
After World War One, platoons of the Tennessee National Guard participated in the Knoxville riot of 1919.
When the 30th Infantry Division reorganized on 11 September 1947 it was composed of Guard units from North Carolina and Tennessee. In 1954 it was reorganized as a North‑South Carolina division with the Tennessee portion reorganized and redesignated as the 30th Armored Division. The 30th Armored Division was inactivated on 1 December 1973, with its lineage carried by the 30th Armored Brigade and the 30th Support Group, TN ARNG.
The 194th Engineer Brigade was activated as an entity of the Tennessee Army National Guard on 1 November 1973. This occurred as a result of the major reorganization of the Tennessee ARNG which inactivated the 30th Armored Division. The numerical designation was derived from a former engineer unit of the Tennessee Army National Guard, the 194th Engineer Battalion, headquartered in Centerville, Tennessee.
More than 3,600 Tennessee Guardsmen responded to Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. The 196th Field Artillery Brigade (including the 1st Battalion, 181st Field Artillery) was one of only two Army Guard combat units to see actual combat. The Tennessee Army deployed 17 units during the conflict. A few days prior to G-Day, Tennessee's 212th Engineer Company, attached to the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault), broke through the border berm into enemy territory, building a six-lane road. The unit traversed six miles before the ground war began, becoming the first unit of the 101st into Iraq and one of the first U.S. units to breach the Iraqi defensive zones.
The 30th Armored Brigade (Separate) furled its colors in Jackson, Tennessee in the early 1990s. The colors were passed to the 230th Area Support Group in Dyersburg, TN. The 230th has been inactivated since its return from Camp Arifjan, Kuwait.
- "230th Sustainment Brigade". Tennessee Department of Military. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
- "194th Engineer Brigade". Tennessee Department of Military. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
- "30th Troop Command". Tennessee Department of Military. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
- "Motlow, George Dickel, Manchester, Bonnaroo, Coffee County, Winchester, Monteagle, Tims Ford, Beechcraft, Lynchburg, A.E.D.C., Sign Dept". www.tullahomanews.com. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- "117th Regiment Training Institute". Tennessee Department of Military. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
- "Armories and Recruiting Stations". U.S. National Guard. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
- "History". tnmilitary.org. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
- John Listman, '30th Armored Division' Archived 15 April 2013 at archive.today, National Guard Educational Foundation, accessed 1 June 2012.
- http://www.tnmilitary.org/who-we-are.htm[permanent dead link]
- Historical register and dictionary of the United States Army, from ..., Volume 1 By Francis Bernard Heitman 
- Encyclopedia of United States Army insignia and uniforms By William K. Emerson (page 51).