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|3rd millennium BC|
Births – Deaths
Establishments – Disestablishments
The 30th century BC was a century that lasted from the year 3000 BC to 2901 BC.
- Before 3000 BC: An image of a deity (detail from a cong) recovered from Tomb 12 in Fanshan, Yuyao, Zhejiang, is made during the Neolithic period by the Liangzhu culture. It is now kept at Zhejiang Provincial Museum, Hangzhou.
- c. 3000 BC - Earliest remains from Aniba (Nubia).
- c. 3000 BC: Early agriculture in North Africa.
- c. 3300 BC – 2600 BC: Early Harappan period continues in the Indus Valley.
- c. 3000 BC: Camels are domesticated in Egypt.
- c. 3000 BC: There is an intense phase of burial at Duma na nGiall on the Hill of Tara, the ancient seat of the High King of Ireland.
- c. 3000 BC: Stonehenge begins to be built. In its first version, it consists of a circular ditch and bank, with 56 wooden posts.
- c. 3000 BC: Cycladic civilization in the Aegean Sea starts.
- c. 3000 BC: Helladic period starts.
- c. 3000 BC: Aegean Bronze Age starts.
- c. 3000 BC: Austronesian expansion begins.
- c. 3000 BC: Jawa, Jordan is founded along with the world's first known dam.
- c. 2960 BC: Death of Egyptian First Dynasty pharaoh, Semerkhet, whose name marks the first definitive use of a Nebty name.
- c. 2920 BC: Troy is founded on this date (assuming the interpretation of Manfred Korfmann is followed).
Inventions, discoveries, introductions
- 3000–2000 BC – Hieroglyphic writing in Egypt, potter's wheel in China, first pottery in the Americas (in Ecuador).
- c. 3000 BC – Sumerians establish cities.
- c. 3000 BC – Sumerians start to work in various metals.
- c. 3000 BC – Knowledge of Ancient Near Eastern grains appears in Ancient China.
- 3000–2000 BC – Settled villages are widespread in Mesoamerica.
- The shekal was introduced in Mesopotamia as a monetary and weight unit; see ancient weights and measures, Shekel.
- The Sydney rock engravings date from around 3000 BC (Sydney, Australia).
- POSSEHL, G. L. (2000). "THE EARLY HARAPPAN PHASE". Bulletin of the Deccan College Research Institute. 60/61: 227–241. ISSN 0045-9801.
- Memory and Monuments at the Hill of Tara by Erin McDonald, Chronika Journal
- National Geographic, June 2008
- "Bronze Age Aegean". World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2022-05-25.
- Guild, History (2021-03-12). "What is the Austronesian Expansion?". History Guild. Retrieved 2022-05-25.
- "A History of Dams: From Ancient Times to Today". Tata & Howard. 2016-05-17. Retrieved 2022-05-25.
- Australia's top 7 Aboriginal rock art sites by Australian Geographic