310s BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC


319 BC

This section is transcluded from 319 BC. (edit | history)

By place[edit]

Macedonian Empire[edit]
  • The Athenian orator and diplomat, Demades, is sent to the Macedonian court, but either the Macedonian regent Antipater or his son Cassander, learning that Demades has intrigued with the former regent Perdiccas, puts him to death.
  • Antipater becomes ill and dies shortly after, leaving the regency of the Macedonian Empire to the aged Polyperchon, passing over his son Cassander, a measure which gives rise to much confusion and ill-feeling.
  • Polyperchon's authority is challenged by Antipater's son Cassander, who refuses to acknowledge the new regent. With the aid of Antigonus, ruler of Phrygia, and with the support of Ptolemy and Lysimachus, Cassander seizes Macedonia and most of Greece.
  • Eumenes allies himself with the regent Polyperchon. He manages to escape from the siege of Nora, and his forces soon threaten Syria and Phoenicia. Polyperchon recognises Eumenes as the royal general in Asia Minor.
  • Alexander the Great's widow, Roxana, joins Alexander's mother, Olympias, in Epirus.

318 BC

This section is transcluded from 318 BC. (edit | history)

By place[edit]

Macedonian Empire[edit]
  • Antigonus resolves to become lord of all Asia, and in conjunction with Cassander and Ptolemy. He enters into negotiations with Eumenes; but Eumenes remains faithful to the royal house. He raises an army and forms a coalition with the satraps of the eastern provinces. He then captures Babylon from Antigonus.
  • Antigonus marches against Eumenes, so Eumenes withdraws east to join the satraps of the provinces beyond the Tigris River.
  • Cassander, who has allied himself with Ptolemy and Antigonus, declares war on the regent, Polyperchon. Most of the Greek states support him, including Athens. Cassander further effects an alliance with Eurydice, the ambitious wife of King Philip III Arrhidaeus of Macedon.
  • Although Polyperchon is initially successful in securing control of the Greek cities, whose freedom he proclaims, his fleet is destroyed by Antigonus.
  • In a power struggle in Athens after the death of Antipater, Phocion is deposed as the ruler of Athens, convicted of treason, and executed by those Athenians hoping to restore democracy to the city. Shortly afterward, the Athenians decree a public burial and a statue in his honor.
  • The state of Qin moves into the Sichuan basin, giving them control of that great food-producing plain.

By topic[edit]


317 BC

This section is transcluded from 317 BC. (edit | history)

By place[edit]

Macedonian Empire[edit]
  • Acestorides, a native of Corinth, is made supreme commander by the citizens of Syracuse.
  • After twice being banished for attempting to overthrow the oligarchical party, Agathocles returns with an army and banishes or murders about 10,000 citizens (including the oligarchs), and sets himself up as tyrant of Syracuse. Acestorides is banished from the city.

By topic[edit]

  • Private funeral monuments are banned in Athenian cemeteries.

316 BC

This section is transcluded from 316 BC. (edit | history)

By place[edit]

Macedonian Empire[edit]
  • Eumenes and Antigonus, rivals to Cassander for control of Macedonia, meet in the Battle of Gabiene in Media to the northeast of Susa. Antigonus defeats Eumenes, with the aid of Seleucus and Peithon (the satraps of Babylonia and Media, respectively). The result is inconclusive. However, some of Eumenes' soldiers take matters into their own hands. Learning that Antigonus has captured many of their wives, children and the cumulative plunder of nearly 40 years of continuous warfare, they secretly open negotiations with Antigonus for their safe return. They hand over Eumenes and his senior officers to Antigonus in return for their baggage and families. Eumenes is put to death by Antigonus after a week's captivity.
  • Cassander returns from the Peloponnesus and defeats Macedonia's regent Polyperchon in battle. Cassander blockades Olympias, mother of the late Alexander the Great, in Pydna, where she surrenders. Cassander takes Roxana and his son Alexander IV of Macedon into his custody.
  • Olympias is condemned to death by Cassander, but his soldiers refuse to carry out the sentence. She is eventually killed by relatives of those she has previously had executed.
  • Cassander marries Thessaloniki, half sister of Alexander. He has Alexander's widow, Roxana and son, Alexander IV of Macedon, imprisoned at Amphipolis in Thrace. They are never to be seen alive again.
  • Thebes, which has been destroyed by Alexander the Great, begins to get rebuilt by Cassander with the help of the citizens of Athens.
Roman Republic[edit]
  • King Hui of Qin decides on the advice of General Sima Cuo to invade and annex the ancient states of Ba and Shu in Sichuan to increase Qin's agricultural output and obtain a strategic platform to defeat the state of Chu.

315 BC

This section is transcluded from 315 BC. (edit | history)

By place[edit]

Alexandrian Empire[edit]
  • Antigonus claims authority over most of Asia, seizes the treasury at Susa and enters Babylon, where Seleucus is governor. Seleucus flees to Ptolemy in Egypt and enters into a league with him, Lysimachus (the ruler of Thrace) and Cassander against Antigonus. This leads to the First Coalition War.
  • Peithon consolidates his power base in the eastern part of the Empire.
  • Polyperchon flees to the Peloponnesus, where he still controls a few strong points, and allies himself with Antigonus, who has by now fallen out with his former allies.
  • Antigonus drives out Cassander's Macedonian forces of occupation from the Greek islands and forms the island cities in the Aegean into the "League of the Islanders", preparatory to his invasion of Greece. His ally, the city of Rhodes, furnishes him with the necessary fleet.
  • The King of Epirus, Aeacides, faces a revolt from his people and they drive him from the kingdom. His son, Phyrrhus, who is then only two years old, is saved from being killed by some faithful servants. Cassander takes control of Epirus.
  • The Macedonian port city of Thessaloniki is founded by Cassander and named after his wife Thessalonike.
  • Ptolemy's armies fight supporters of Antigonus in Cyprus. Ptolemy is able to re-conquer the island.

In fiction[edit]

314 BC

This section is transcluded from 314 BC. (edit | history)

By place[edit]

Macedonian Empire[edit]
  • Antigonus, the ruler of the Asian parts of the late Alexander the Great's empire, faces a coalition consisting of Cassander, the Macedonian regent; Lysimachus, the satrap of Thrace; and Ptolemy, the satrap of Egypt, who has taken the side of the ousted satrap of Babylon, Seleucus.
  • Antigonus does not trust Peithon's growing power. So Antigonus tricks Peithon to come to his court, where Antigonus has him executed.
  • Antigonus invades Syria, then under Ptolemy's control, and besieges and captures Tyre. Antigonus then occupies Syria, proclaiming himself regent.
Roman Republic[edit]
  • Success seems to be going the Samnites' way in their ongoing battles against the Romans. Campania is on the verge of deserting Rome. Peace is established between Rome and some Samnite towns.

313 BC

This section is transcluded from 313 BC. (edit | history)

By place[edit]

  • Becoming tired of the Macedonian rule, the people of Epirus recall their former king Aeacides. Cassander immediately sends an army against him under his brother, Philip, who is diverted from invading Aetolia.
  • Philip defeats Aeacides in a battle. Aeacides, with the remnant of his forces, joins the Aetolians. A second battle takes place, in which Philip is again victorious, and Aeacides is killed. The remaining Aetolian army takes refuge in the surrounding mountains.

312 BC

This section is transcluded from 312 BC. (edit | history)

By place[edit]

Seleucid Empire[edit]
Roman Republic[edit]
  • The Roman censor, Appius Claudius Caecus, a patrician, enters office and begins construction of the Appian Way (the Via Appia) between Rome and Capua. He also embarks on a program of political reform, including the distribution of the landless citizens of Rome among the tribes, which at this time constitute basic political units. Appius also admits sons of freedmen into the Roman Senate. He also asserts the right of freed slaves to hold office.
  • Rome gets its first pure drinking water as engineers complete the first aqueduct into the city, the Aqua Appia.

311 BC

This section is transcluded from 311 BC. (edit | history)

By place[edit]

Seleucid Empire[edit]
Asia Minor and Syria[edit]
  • Ptolemy tries to occupy Syria. However, Demetrius Poliorcetes wins a battle over Ptolemy's forces and Antigonus enters Syria in force. So, after only a few months, Ptolemy evacuates his forces from Syria.
  • In view of the threat by Seleucus to his control of the East, Antigonus decides to make peace with all of his adversaries, except Seleucus, who now holds Babylon. All of the diadochi confirm the existing boundaries and the freedom of the Greek cities. Ptolemy and Lysimachus are confirmed as satraps of Egypt and Thrace, respectively, and Antigonus and Cassander are confirmed as commanders of the army in Asia and Europe. Antigonus, no longer regent but now titled the strategos (officer in charge) of the whole of Asia, rules in Syria from the Hellespont to the Euphrates, including Asia Minor.
  • It is agreed by all parties that the young king Alexander IV of Macedon, son of Alexander the Great, will become king of the whole empire when he comes of age in six years' time.
  • The peace agreement between the diadochi is soon violated. On the pretext that garrisons have been placed in some of the free Greek cities by Antigonus, Ptolemy and Cassander renew hostilities against him.

310 BC

This section is transcluded from 310 BC. (edit | history)

By place[edit]

Seleucid Empire[edit]
  • Antigonus orders Nicanor, one of his generals, to invade Babylonia from the east and his son Demetrius Poliorcetes to attack it from the west. Nicanor assembles a large force but it is surprised and defeated by Seleucus at the river Tigris, and his troops are either cut to pieces or defect to the enemy. Similarly, Demetrius Poliorcetes fails to oust Seleucus.
Asia Minor[edit]
Sicily and Africa[edit]
Roman Republic[edit]




  1. ^ S.N. Consolo Langher. 2000. Agatocle: Da capoparte a monarca fondatore di un regno tra Cartagine e i Diadochi. Messana: Di.Sc.A.M. 79-96