310th Air Division

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310th Air Division
Continental Air Command.png
USAFCatalina.jpg
Active 1944–1946; 1947-1949
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Role Command of reserve forces
Part of Continental Air Command
Engagements South West Pacific Theater of World War II
Decorations Philippine Presidential Unit Citation

The 310th Air Division is an inactive United States Air Force organization. Its last assignment was with Continental Air Command 's Twelfth Air Force at Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma, where it was inactivated on 27 June 1949.

The division was first activated as the 310th Bombardment Wing in New Guinea during World War II. It served as a task force headquarters, commanding advanced elements of Fifth Air Force during the New Guinea campaign and the liberation of the Philippines. After VJ Day, it moved to Japan, serving in the occupation forces until inactivating in March 1946. The wing was again activated in the reserves in 1947, becoming a division the following year.

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

During World War II, the 310 Bombardment Wing, Medium was a command echelon of Fifth Air Force in the Southwest Pacific theater, controlling numerous fighter and bomber groups and squadrons until the Japanese surrender in 1945. Its attached units "flew missions against Japanese shipping, coastal installations, gun positions, airdromes, and troop concentrations. Fighting in New Guinea and later in the Philippine Islands, attached fighter units flew escort for bombing, supply, and reconnaissance missions."[1] In October 1945, the wing moved to Japan and served in the occupation force. It was inactivated in Japan during early 1946.[1]

Air Force Reserve[edit]

The 310th Bombardment Wing was activated as a reserve unit under Air Defense Command (ADC) at Tinker Field, Oklahoma on 26 July 1947, but had no units assigned until September when the 323d Bombardment Group was activated at Tinker and assigned to the wing. The 177th AAF Base Unit (later the 2592d Air Force Reserve Training Center) supervised the training of reserve units at Tinker.[2][3] Later that fall, at the end of October, the 340th Bombardment Group was activated at Tulsa Municipal Airport and assigned to the wing.[1] Although the units were designated as bombardment units, it appeared they were equipped with North American AT-6 Texan and Beechcraft AT-11 aircraft only.[4]

In 1948, when the regular Air Force implemented the wing base organization system, the wing, along with other multi-base reserve wings was redesignated as an air division.[1] The same year, Continental Air Command assumed responsibility for managing reserve and Air National Guard units from ADC.[5]

The 310th was inactivated when Continental Air Command reorganized its reserve units under the wing base organization system in June 1949.[1] The division's personnel and equipment were transferred to the 323d Bombardment Wing, which was activated at Tinker the same day and assumed command of the 323d Bombardment Group.[6] President Truman’s reduced 1949 defense budget also required reductions in the number of units in the Air Force,[7] and the 340th Group was inactivated in August and not replaced as reserve flying operations at Tulsa ceased.[8]

Lineage[edit]

  • Established as the 310th Bombardment Wing, Medium on 20 January 1944
Activated on 1 February 1944
Inactivated on 25 March 1946
  • Redesignated 310th Bombardment Wing, Light on 27 May 1947
Activated in the Reserve on 26 July 1947
Redesignated 310th Air Division, Bombardment on 16 April 1948
Inactivated on 27 June 1949[1]

Assignments[edit]

Stations[edit]

Components[edit]

World War II[edit]

Groups
Squadrons

Air Force Reserve[edit]

  • 323d Bombardment Group: 9 September 1947 – 27 June 1949
  • 340th Bombardment Group; 31 October 1947 - 19 August 1949[15]

Aircraft[edit]

Commanders[edit]

  • Brig Gen Donald R. Hutchison, 1 Feb 1944
  • Col John T. Murtha, 16 Oct 19448
  • Col Jack A. Wilson, 15 Dec 1944
  • Col William M. Morgan, 22 Mar 1945
  • Col Jack A. Wilson, 17 Jul 1945
  • Col William M. Morgan, 29 Aug 1945
  • Col Othel R. Deering 16 Dec 1945 - unknown[1][16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Factsheet 310 Air Division, Bombardment". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 5 October 2007. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  2. ^ Mueller, p. 549
  3. ^ "Abstract, History 10 Air Force Jul-Sep 1947". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 14 May 2016.  (histories of Tenth Air Force reserve training centers)
  4. ^ See "Abstract, History 340 Bombardment Group Apr-Aug 1948". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 14 May 2016. 
  5. ^ "Abstract, Mission Project Closeup, Continental Air Command". Air Force History Index. 27 December 1961. Retrieved 24 March 2014. 
  6. ^ Ravenstein, pp. 174-176
  7. ^ Knaack, p. 25
  8. ^ Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 218-219
  9. ^ Robertson, Patsy (6 February 2015). "Factsheet 3 Operations Group (PACAF)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 10 May 2016. 
  10. ^ Robertson, Patsy (6 February 2015). "Factsheet 8 Operations Group (PACAF)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 10 May 2016.  indicates the 8th Group was attached to the 86th Fighter Wing until 16 August 1945.
  11. ^ Robertson, Patsy (22 April 2014). "Factsheet 18 Operations Group (PACAF)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 10 May 2016. 
  12. ^ Robertson, Patsy (13 May 2008). "Factsheet 35 Operations Group (PACAF)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 10 May 2016. 
  13. ^ Warnock, A. Timothy (30 November 2007). "Factsheet 42 Air Base Wing (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 9 November 2014. 
  14. ^ Kane, Robert B. (22 September 2010). "Factsheet 49 Operations Group (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved 11 May 2016. 
  15. ^ Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 218-219, 419
  16. ^ Commanders for the period the unit was assigned to the reserve are not known. Factsheet, 310 Air Division, Bombardment

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.