314th Operations Group
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|314th Operations Group|
C-130 Herculeses lined up for takeoff at Little Rock Air Force Base
|Active||1942-1957; 1978-1980; 1991-present|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||314th Airlift Wing|
|Motto(s)||Viri Veniente Latin, Men Will Come (1942-1954)|
|Engagements||Mediterranean Theater of Operations Korean War|
|Decorations||Distinguished Unit Citation
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation
|314th Operations Group emblem (Approved 17 June 1954)|
|314th Operations Group gaggle patch|
|314th Troop Carrier Group emblem (Approved 17 August 1942)|
The group provides C-130 initial and tactical aircrew training in all crew positions for all of the Department of Defense and allied students from 46 nations.
The 314th Operations Group is composed of two flying squadrons and one training squadron.
- The 48th Airlift Squadron flies the C-130J Super Hercules
- The 62d Airlift Squadron flies training missions in the C-130H Hercules
- The 714th Training Squadron provided administrative support for all students
- See the 314th Airlift Wing for additional history and lineage
World War II
During World War II the 314th Troop Carrier Group arrived in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations in May 1943, taking part with Twelfth Air Force units in two airborne operations. It flew two major night missions in July 1943 during the Sicily invasion, dropping paratroops of 82d Airborne Division near Gela on 9 July and reinforcements to the area on the 11th.
Later in the year, the group transported paratroops and supplies to Salerno, 14 and 15 September, during the invasion of Italy. Squadrons from the 314th flew additional missions in the Mediterranean before it transferred, in February 1944, to England for further training.
From England, it took part with the Ninth Air Force in the Normandy invasion, flying numerous supply and reinforcement missions in the ensuing period. The 314th dropped paratroops over the Netherlands in September and carried munitions and supplies to the same area. After moving to France in late February 1945, it participated in the airborne crossings of the Rhine River near Wesel on 24 March. The group then brought supplies and equipment to combat units and airlifted wounded U.S. and Allied personnel to rear-area hospitals.
After the termination of hostilities, it evacuated prisoners of war from German camps and flew regular personnel and freight service. It transferred without personnel or equipment (WOPE) to the United States in February 1946, and in September again transferred WOPE, to the Panama Canal Zone, where the 314th operated air terminals under Caribbean Air Command. It moved back to the United States in October 1948 for further training.
Transferring without personnel or equipment (WOPE) to US in February 1946, and in Sep, again WOPE, to the Canal Zone, the 314th operated air terminals under Caribbean Air Command. It moved back to the US in October 1948 for further training.
The group served in Japan during the Korean War, participating in two major airborne operations, at Sunchon in October 1950 and at Munsan-ni in March 1951. It later transported supplies to Korea and evacuated prisoners of war. In 1954, it again transferred, without personnel or equipment to the US where it participated in a continuous stream of tactical exercises and inspections until October 1957.
The group flew worldwide airlift and provided all C-130 aircrew training to U.S. and allied aircrews, September 1978 – June 1980 and from December 1991 to present.
- Established as the 314th Transport Group on 28 January 1942
- Activated on 2 March 1942
- Redesignated: 314th Troop Carrier Group on 4 July 1942
- Redesignated: 314th Troop Carrier Group, Heavy on 26 July 1948
- Redesignated: 314th Troop Carrier Group, Medium on 19 November 1948
- Inactivated on 8 October 1957
- Redesignated 314th Tactical Airlift Group on 24 August 1978
- Activated on 15 September 1978
- Inactivated on 15 June 1980
- Redesignated 314th Operations Group and activated on 1 December 1991
- 16th Airlift Squadron: 1 December 1991 – 1 October 1993
- 20th Troop Carrier Squadron: 17 June 1948 – 20 October 1949
- 30th Transport Squadron: 2 March – 14 June 1942
- 31st Transport Squadron: 2 March – 16 June 1942
- 32d Transport (later, 32d Troop Carrier; 32d Tactical Airlift) Squadron (S2): 2 March 1942 – 18 September 1945; 1 November 1978 – 30 June 1979
- 34th Combat Airlift Training Squadron (later, Combat Aerial Delivery School; USAF Combat Aerial Delivery School): 1 December 1991–present
- 45th Airlift Squadron: 1 October 1999 - 15 July 2011
- 48th Airlift Squadron: 1 December 2003 – present
- 50th Troop Carrier (later, 50th Tactical Airlift; 50th Airlift) Squadron (2R): 15 June 1942 – 27 May 1946; 17 October 1949 – 8 October 1957; 1 November 1978 – 15 June 1980; 1 December 1991 – 1 April 1997
- 53d Airlift Squadron: 1 October 1993 – 11 January 2008
- 61st Troop Carrier (later, 61st Tactical Airlift; 61st Airlift) Squadron (Q9): attached, 26 October 1942, assigned 15 March 1942-c. December 1945 (detached October–December 1945); assigned 17 October 1949 – 8 October 1957 (detached 1 October 1951-c. 1 November 1954); assigned 1 November 1978 – 15 June 1980; 1 December 1991 – 1 April 1997
- 62d Troop Carrier (later, 62d Tactical Airlift, 62d Airlift) Squadron (E5): 15 March 1943-c. October 1946; 6 December 1945 – 15 February 1946; 17 October 1949 – 8 October 1957; 1 December 1991–present
- 301st Troop Carrier Squadron: attached 15 February - 27 May 1946
- 302d Troop Carrier Squadron: 15 May - 7 August 1945; 15 October 1945 – 27 May 1946
- 321st Troop Carrier Squadron: attached 16 October 1945 – 5 December 1945; assigned 6 December 1945 – 27 August 1946; 8 June 1955 – 1 August 1957
- 323d Troop Carrier Squadron: 16 October 1945 – 30 September 1946
- 334th Troop Carrier Squadron: 15 October 1946 – 20 October 1949.
- Douglas C-47 Skytrain, 1942–1946
- Douglas C-53 Skytrooper, 1942–1943
- Douglas C-54 Skymaster, 1947–1948
- Fairchild C-82 Packet, 1949–1950
- Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar, 1950–1957
- Lockheed C-130 Hercules, 1978–1980; 1991–present
- Learjet C-21, 1999–2011
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 190–192. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979.
- The group uses the wing emblem with the group designation on the scroll. AF Instruction 84-105, para 3.3.3
- Robertson, Patsy (December 14, 2010). "Factsheet 314 Operations Group (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
- Station numbers in Anderson
- Station numbers in Johnson
- Anderson, Capt. Barry (1985). Army Air Forces Stations: A Guide to the Stations Where U.S. Army Air Forces Personnel Served in the United Kingdom During World War II (PDF). Maxwell AFB, AL: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
- Johnson, 1st Lt. David C. (1988). U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO) D-Day to V-E Day (PDF). Maxwell AFB, AL: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947-1977 (PDF). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
- Air Force Instruction 84-105, Organizational Lineage, Honors and Heraldry, 19 March 2013