31st Chess Olympiad

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Official logo of the Olympiad

The 31st Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open[1] and a women's tournament, took place between November 30 and December 17, 1994, in Moscow, Russia. Both tournament sections were officiated by international arbiter Yuri Averbakh of Russia.

The record number of nations once again counted some old faces playing under new flags. Yugoslavia was back, but now represented by the federation of Serbia-Montenegro. Another former Yugoslav republic, Macedonia, also made its debut, as did the Czech Republic and Slovakia who competed individually for the first time. Finally, the International Braille Chess Association entered two truly international teams.

The Russian team retained their title, captained by PCA world champion Kasparov. Due to a dispute with the national federation, FIDE champion Anatoly Karpov was not present. A strong performance from Bosnia-Herzegovina, led by Nikolić, earned them the silver, while the Russian "B" team of juniors, somewhat surprisingly, took the bronze - the first and only time that the same nation has occupied more than one medal rank.

Open event[edit]

The open division was contested by 124 teams representing 122 nations plus Russia "B" and the IBCA. The time control for each game permitted each player 2 hours to make the first 40 of his or her moves, then an additional 1-hour to make the next 20 moves. In the event of a draw, the tie-break was decided by 1. The Buchholz system; and 2. Match points.

Open event
# Country Players Average
rating
Points Buchholz
1  Russia Kasparov, Kramnik, Bareev, Dreev, Tiviakov, Svidler 2714 37½
2 Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina P. Nikolić, Sokolov, Kurajica, Dizdarević, N. Nikolić, Milovanović 2585 35
3  Russia "B" Morozevich, Zviagintsev, Ulibin, Rublevsky, Sakaev, Yemelin 2570 34½ 457.5

Individual medals[edit]

Women's results[edit]

The women's division was contested by 81 teams representing 79 nations plus Russia "B" and the IBCA. The time control for each game permitted each player 2 hours to make the first 40 of his or her moves, then an additional 1-hour to make the next 20 moves. In the event of a draw, the tie-break was decided by 1. The Buchholz system; and 2. Match points.

The Georgian team, led by former world champion Chiburdanidze, retained their title. Hungary returned to the medal ranks due to the return of Zsuzsa and Zsófia Polgár. Meanwhile, little sister Judit played first board for the Hungarian team in the open event - the first woman to do so. China, captained by reigning world champion Xie Jun, took the bronze.

# Country Players Average
rating
Points Buchholz
1 Georgia (country) Georgia Chiburdanidze, Ioseliani, Arakhamia-Grant, Gurieli 2463 32
2  Hungary Zsuzsa Polgár, Zsófia Polgár, Mádl, Csonkics 2472 31
3  China Xie Jun, Peng Zhaoqin, Qin Kanying, Zhu Chen 2420 27 351.0

Individual medals[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Although commonly referred to as the men's division, this section is open to both male and female players.