321st Air Refueling Squadron
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (December 2012)|
|321st Refueling Squadron
KC-135A taking off
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Strategic Air Command|
|321st Refueling Squadron emblem|
The 321st Air Refueling Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 301st Bombardment Wing at Lockbourne Air Force Base, Ohio, where it was inactivated on 15 March 1965.
The 321st Air Refueling Squadron was activated as a Boeing KC-97 Stratotanker squadron in 1953. In 1962, the unit converted to Boeing KC-135 Stratotankers, which it flew until it was inactivated in 1965 and replaced by the 32d Air Refueling Squadron.
The two squadrons were consolidated into a single unit in September 1985.
World War II
The 321st Transport Squadron was one of five squadrons activated in November 1943 and assigned to the 27th Air Transport Group. It was located Northern Ireland and operated a courier service in the British Isles. In 1944 it moved to France and conducted the same duties on the European continent until it was disbanded in November 1945.
Strategic Air Command (SAC) activated the 321st Air Refueling Squadron at Sheppard Air Force Base, Texas in late 1953 as a Boeing KC-97 Stratotanker squadron. At Sheppard, the squadron was a tenant of Air Training Command's 3750th Air Base Group, the host organization at Sheppard, but was attached to the 96th Bombardment Wing at Biggs Air Force Base after July 1954. Four months later, it was assigned to the 321st Bombardment Wing at Pinecastle Air Force Base, Florida, but remained a tenant organization, moving to Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama as a tenant of the 3800th Air Base Wing of Air University. It was not until August 1956, when the squadron moved to Lockbourne Air Force Base, Ohio, that it was stationed with its parent wing.
The squadron flew the KC-97 Stratotanker, providing air refueling to USAF units, from 1953 until 1963. The squadron converted to Boeing KC-135 Stratotankers that year and was inactivated in 1965 and its mission, personnel and equipment were transferred to the 32d Air Refueling Squadron.
The 321st Transport Squadron and the 321st Air Refueling Squadron were consolidated into a single unit on 19 September 1985
321st Transport Squadron
- Constituted as the 321st Transport Squadron (Cargo and Mail) c. 26 October 1943
- Activated 1 November 1943
- Disbanded 15 November 1945
- Reconstituted 19 September 1985 and consolidated with the 321st Air Refueling Squadron as the 321st Air Refueling Squadron
321st Air Refueling Squadron
- Constituted as the 321st Air Refueling Squadron, Medium on 17 September 1953
- Activated in 8 December 1953
- Redesignated 321st Air Refueling Squadron, Heavy on 1 April 1963
- Discontinued and inactivated on 15 March 1965
- Consolidated on 19 September 1985 with the 321st Transport Squadron
- 27th Air Transport Group, 1 November 1943
- Unknown, 11 November 1944 – 15 November 1945
- Eighth Air Force, 8 Dec 1953 (attached to 96th Bombardment Wing after 3 July 1954)
- 321st Bombardment Wing, 8 Nov 1954 (attached to 26th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing after 16 August 1956)
- 26th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing, 10 September 1956
- 301st Bombardment Wing (later 301st Air Refueling Wing), 15 April 1958 – 15 March 1965 (detached 11 April 1960 – 13 July 1960, 3 October 1961 - January 1962)
- Maghaberry (Station 239), Northern Ireland, 1 November 1943
- Langford Lodge (Station 597), Northern Ireland, May 1944
- RAF Grove, England (Station 519), September 1944
- Le Bourget Airport (Station 385, A-54), France, September 1944
- Villacoublay Airfield (A-42), March 1945 - 15 November 1945
- Sheppard Air Force Base, Texas, 8 December 1953
- Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, 8 November 1954
- Lockbourne Air Force Base, Ohio, 18 August 1956 – 15 March 1965
- Douglas C-47 Skytrain, 1943-1945
- Boeing KC-97 Stratotanker, 1954-1963
- Boeing KC-135A Stratotanker, 1963-1965
- Maguire, p. 30
- See Mueller, p. 543
- Mueller, p. 537
- Ravenstein, p. 134
- Mueller, pp. 383, 389
- Department of the Air Force/MPM Letter 662q, 19 September 85, Subject: Reconstitution, Redesignation, and Consolidation of Selected Air Force Tactical Squadrons
- Ravenstein, p. 172
- Ravenstein, p. 48
- Ravenstein, p. 144
- Station number in Anderson
- Station numbers in Anderson, Johnson
- Station number in Johnson
- Mueller, p. 543
- Mueller, p. 389
- Anderson, Capt. Barry (1985). Army Air Forces Stations: A Guide to the Stations Where U.S. Army Air Forces Personnel Served in the United Kingdom During World War II (PDF). Maxwell AFB, AL: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- Johnson, 1st Lt. David C. (1988). U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO) D-Day to V-E Day (PDF). Maxwell AFB, AL: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center.
- Maguire, Jon A. (1998). Gooney Birds & Ferry Tales. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing. ISBN 0-7643-0592-1. LCCN 98085737.
- Mueller, Robert (1989). Air Force Bases, Vol. I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982 (PDF). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-53-6.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947-1977 (PDF). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.