323d Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron

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323d Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron
323d Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron - SAC - Emblem.png
Emblem of the 323d Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron
Active 1942-1945; 1947-1957
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Type Strategic Reconnaissance
Emblem of the World War II 323d Bombardment Squadron
"Delta Rebel No. 2" Boeing B-17F-30-BO Flying Fortress s/n 42-5077 323rd BS, 91st BG, 8th AF This plane was shot down by fighters on the 12 August 1943, mission to Gelsenkirchen, Germany. She was damaged first by Hauptmann Johannes Naumann of JG 26/6, then shot down by Obfw. Adolf Glunz of JG 26/4 in a Fw 190A-5 over Brunninghausen, Germany. 4 of the crew were KIA, 6 became POW's (MACR 261).

The 323d Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last was assigned to the 91st Strategic Reconnaissance Wing, stationed at Lockbourne Air Force Base, Ohio. It was inactivated on 8 November 1957.


Established as a B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bomb squadron in early 1942; trained under Third Air Force in the southeastern United States with final training under Second Air Force in Washington. Deployed to European Theater of Operations (ETO), assigned to VIII Bomber Command in England, being one of the first heavy bomb squadrons arriving in England. The 323d was one of the most highly decorated strategic heavy bomb squadrons in the European Theater, flying combat missions over Nazi Germany and Occupied Europe until the German capitulation in May 1945. Most personnel demobilized in England immediately after the end of the war in Europe, Squadron returned to the United States with a small headquarters staff and was planned to be re-equipped and remanned as a B-29 Superfortress squadron. Japanese capitulation canceled plans and was inactivated as a paper unit in the United States during November 1945.

Reactivated in 1947 as a Strategic Air Command long-range strategic reconnaissance squadron; not manned or equipped until July 1948. Used B-17 and B-29 bombers refitted for reconnaissance missions. Deployed to Japan in 1950, and performed strategic reconnaissance missions over Korea, and the Northern Pacific coast of Communist China and the Soviet Union. Re-equipped with RB-45C Tornado jet reconnaissance aircraft, flying reconnaissance and mapping combat missions over Korea until being assigned to the United States in mid 1952. Re-equipped with RB-47E Stratojets, performed various reconnaissance missions on a worldwide scale until inactivation in 1957.


  • Constituted 323d Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 28 January 1942
Activated on 15 April 1942
Inactivated on 7 November 1945
  • Redesignated 323d Reconnaissance Squadron on 11 June 1947
Activated on 1 July 1947
  • Redesignated: 323d Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron on 10 November 1948
Redesignated: 323d Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron (Medium) on 6 July 1950
Inactivated on 8 November 1957



Deployed to Johnson AB and Yokota AB, Japan 6 July 1950-28 May 1952



 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.