326 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
326 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar326 BC
Ab urbe condita428
Ancient Egypt eraXXXII dynasty, 7
- PharaohAlexander the Great, 7
Ancient Greek era113th Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar4425
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−918
Berber calendar625
Buddhist calendar219
Burmese calendar−963
Byzantine calendar5183–5184
Chinese calendar甲午年 (Wood Horse)
2372 or 2165
    — to —
乙未年 (Wood Goat)
2373 or 2166
Coptic calendar−609 – −608
Discordian calendar841
Ethiopian calendar−333 – −332
Hebrew calendar3435–3436
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−269 – −268
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2775–2776
Holocene calendar9675
Iranian calendar947 BP – 946 BP
Islamic calendar976 BH – 975 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2008
Minguo calendar2237 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1793
Thai solar calendar217–218
Tibetan calendar阳木马年
(male Wood-Horse)
−199 or −580 or −1352
    — to —
(female Wood-Goat)
−198 or −579 or −1351
The Battle of Hydaspes

Year 326 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Visolus and Cursor (or, less frequently, year 428 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 326 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Macedonian Empire[edit]

  • On the left bank of the Hydaspes, Alexander fights his last great battle, the Battle of the Hydaspes River. He and his general Craterus defeat the Indian King Porus. Alexander founds two cities there, Alexandria on the Indus or Alexandria Nicaea (to celebrate his victory) and Alexandria Bucephalous or Bucephala (named after his horse Bucephalus, which dies there); and Porus becomes his friend and ally.
  • Philip, an officer in the service of Alexander the Great, is appointed satrap of India, including the provinces to the west of the Hydaspes, as far south as the junction of the Indus with the Acesines. Philip is put in charge by Alexander of building the city of Alexandria on the Indus.
  • Alexander continues on to conquer all the headwaters of the Indus River. East of Porus' kingdom, near the Ganges River, Alexander faces the powerful empire of Magadha ruled by the Nanda dynasty. Fearing the prospects of facing another powerful Indian army and exhausted by years of campaigning, his army mutinies at the Hyphasis River (the modern Beas River) and refuses to march further east, thus making this river mark the easternmost extent of Alexander's conquests.
  • Following the mutiny of his army at the Hyphasis River, Alexander is persuaded by his army leaders to abandon his plans for invading the Ganges Valley. Alexander appoints Nearchus, a Cretan with naval experience, as admiral and places under his command all in the ranks of his army with any knowledge of seafaring. Nearchus has Indian shipwrights build 800 vessels, some as large as 300 tons, to take the army through Persian Gulf waters to Babylon. Alexander the Great begins the return march down the Indus to the sea.
  • After the departure of Alexander from India, Philip is assassinated by some of the mercenary troops under his command. Alexander names Eudamus and Taxilas as replacement rulers of Philip's territories.

Roman Republic[edit]