327th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron
|327th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|327th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron emblem[note 2]|
|327th Fighter Squadron emblem (approved 14 October 1942)|
The 327th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with the 64th Air Division at Thule Air Base, Greenland, where it was inactivated on 25 March 1960.
The squadron was again activated in August 1955 at George Air Force Base, California. There, it became the first operational squadron to fly the Convair F-102 Delta Dagger. In 1958 it moved to Thule, where it replaced a unit flying older Northrop F-89 Scorpions.
World War II
The squadron was first activated at Hamilton Field, California in July 1942 as the 327th Fighter Squadron, one of the original squadrons of the 328th Fighter Group. The squadron initially participated in air defense of the Pacific coast from Hamilton and later from Mills Field. It also served as an Operational Training Unit (OTU). The OTU program involved the use of an oversized parent unit to provide cadres to "satellite groups". On 1 March 1943, the squadron mission changed to operating a Bell P-39 Airacobra Replacement Training Unit (RTU). Replacement Training Units were also oversized units, but they trained aircrews prior to their deployment to combat theaters.
In February 1944, the 327th moved to Marysville Army Air Field, where it continued as a P-39 RTU. However, the Army Air Forces found that standard military units, based on relatively inflexible tables of organization, were proving less well adapted to the training mission. Accordingly, it adopted a more functional system in which each base was organized into a separate numbered unit, while the groups and squadrons acting as RTUs were disbanded or inactivated. This resulted in the 327th, along with other units at Marysville, being disbanded in the spring of 1944 and being replaced by the 433d AAF Base Unit (Fighter Replacement Training Unit, Single Engine), which assumed the squadron's mission, personnel, and equipment.
Cold War air defense
The squadron was again activated as the 327th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron at George Air Force Base, California in August 1955. At George, the squadron was initially equipped with radar equipped and Mighty Mouse rocket armed North American F-86D Sabres. These aircraft had been used at George by the 94th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, which moved from George to Selfridge Air Force Base as part of Air Defense Command (ADC)'s Project Arrow, which was designed to bring back on the active list the fighter units which had compiled memorable records in the two world wars and unite them with their traditional groups.
In April 1956, the 327th was the first ADC squadron to fly the Convair F-102A Delta Dagger in operational service, and became the first supersonic unit in Air Defense Command. These aircraft were also equipped with data link, which enabled them to interface directly with the Semi Automatic Ground Environment computers in ground direction centers, removing the need for voice communications by air to ground radions.
The squadron moved to Thule Air Base, Greenland in July 1958, assuming the air defense role there from the Northrop F-89 Scorpions of the 74th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron. The squadron was inactivated there on 25 March 1960, but the Thule air defense mission was resumed within six weeks by the 332d Fighter-Interceptor Squadron.
- Constituted as the 327th Fighter Squadron on 24 June 1942
- Activated on 10 July 1942
- Disbanded on 31 March 1944
- Reconstituted and redesignated 327th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 20 June 1955
- Activated on 18 August 1955
- Discontinued on 25 March 1960
- 328th Fighter Group, 10 July 1942 – 31 March 1944
- 27th Air Division, 18 August 1955
- 4722d Air Defense Group, 1 December 1956
- 27th Air Division, 25 June 1958
- 64th Air Division, 3 July 1958 – 25 March 1960
- Hamilton Field, California, 10 July 1942
- Mills Field, California, 5 October 1942
- Marysville Army Air Field, California, 1 February – 31 March 1944
- George Air Force Base, California, 18 August 1955
- Thule Air Base, Greenland, 3 July 1958 – 25 March 1960
- Bell P-39 Airacobra, 1942–1944
- North American F-86D Sabre, 1955–1956
- Convair F-102 Delta Dagger, 1956–1960
|American Theater without inscription||10 July 1942 – 31 March 1944||327th Fighter Squadron|
- Explanatory notes
- Convair F-102A-75-CO. Serial 56-1429 retired to Military Aircraft Storage and Disposition Center 2 April 1970, 56-1361 retired on 2 Jun 1971, 56-1368 put on static display at Evergreen Aviation and Space Museum in McMinnville, Oregon
- The squadron apparently never received approval for this variation of its World War II emblem. See Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 403-404 (1942 emblem is approved emblem)
- Convair F-102A-30-CO Delta Dagger serial 54-1396. Note the short vertical stabilizer of early model F-102s.
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 403-404
- Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 209-210
- Craven, & Cate, Vol. VI, Men & Planes, Introduction, p. xxxvi
- Maurer, Combat Units, p. 7
- Goss, p. 75
- "Abstract, History Marysville Army Air Field, CA April 1944". Air Force History Index. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 136
- Buss, Sturm, Volan, & McMullen, p. 6
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 271-272
- Cornett & Johnson, p. 127
- Buss, Lydus H.(ed), Sturm, Thomas A., Volan, Denys, and McMullen, Richard F., History of Continental Air Defense Command and Air Defense Command July to December 1955, Directorate of Historical Services, Air Defense Command, Ent AFB, CO, (1956)
- Cornett, Lloyd H; Johnson, Mildred W (1980). A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization, 1946 - 1980 (PDF). Peterson AFB, CO: Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center.
- Craven, Wesley F; Cate, James L, eds. (1955). The Army Air Forces in World War II. Vol. VI, Men & Planes. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press. LCCN 48003657.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.
- "ADCOM's Fighter Interceptor Squadrons". The Interceptor (January 1979) Aerospace Defense Command, (Volume 21, Number 1)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 327th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron.|
- "F-102 Delta Dagger for Strike Fighters V2". Razbam. 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
- "Convair F-102A Delta Dagger - TAM, Travis AFB, Fairfield, CA". Static Aircraft Displays on Waymarking.com. Retrieved 30 September 2014.